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Philips headquarters in Amsterdam
Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics Inc.), most commonly known as Philips, ( , ) is a Dutchmarker electronics company.

Philips is one of the largest electronics companies in the world. In 2007, its sales were €26.79 billion. The company employs 123,800 people in more than 60 countries.

Philips is organized in a number of sectors: Philips Consumer Lifestyle (formerly Philips Consumer Electronics and Philips Domestic Appliances and Personal Care), Philips Lighting and Philips Healthcare (formerly Philips Medical Systems).

History

The company was founded in 1891 by Gerard Philips, a maternal cousin of Karl Marx, in Eindhovenmarker, the Netherlands. Its first products were light bulbs and other electro technical equipment. Its first factory remains as a museum devoted to light sculpture. In the 1920s, the company started to manufacture other products, such as vacuum tubes (also known worldwide as 'valves'), In 1927 they acquired the British electronic valve manufacturers Mullard and in 1932 the German tube manufacturer Valvo, both of which became subsidiaries. In 1939 they introduced their electric razor, the Philishave (marketed in the USA using the Norelco brand name).Also on 11 March 1927 Philips went on the air with a station called PCJ now known as Radio Netherlands Worldwide. It was broadcast to the Dutch East Indies. The host of the first broadcast was Eddy Startz and from 1927 until he retired in 1969 he hosted a show called Happy Station. The only time the station went off air was when the Nazis invaded Holland. At the end of the war PCJ changed its name to Radio Netherlands and has continued broadcasting to this day.

The company was also instrumental in the revival of the Stirling engine.

World War II

Philips shield
On 9 May 1940, the Philips directors were informed about the German invasion of the Netherlands to take place the next day. They decided to leave the country and flee to the United States, taking a large amount of the company capital with them. Operating from the US as the North American Philips Company, they managed to run the company throughout the war. At the same time, the company itself was moved to the Netherlands Antillesmarker (just on paper) to keep it out of German hands.

It is also believed that Philips—both before and during the war—supplied enormous amounts of electric equipment to the German occupation forces, which has led some people to think that the company collaborated with the Nazis, like many other firms in their day. However, there is no evidence to suggest that Philips itself or its management ever sympathized with the Nazis or their ideologies. The only Philips family member who did not leave the country, Frits Philips, saved the lives of 382 Jews by indicating to the Nazis that they were indispensable for the production process at Philips, for which he was awarded recognition as a "Righteous Among the Nations" by Yad Vashemmarker in 1995. There is little Philips could have done to prevent the Germans from abusing their production facilities and forcing their employees to perform slave labour during the occupation. The production facility in Eindhoven was the only Dutch industrial target that was deliberately bombed by the allied forces during the war.

Postwar era

After the war the company was moved back to the Netherlands, with their headquarters in Eindhoven. Many secret research facilities had been locked and successfully hidden from the invaders, which allowed the company to get up to speed again quickly after the war.


In 1950, Philips formed Philips Records.

Philips introduced the audio Compact Cassette tape in 1963 and was wildly successful. Compact cassettes were initially used for dictation machines for office typing stenographers and professional journalists. As their sound quality improved, cassettes would also be used to record sound and became the second mass media to sell recorded music alongside vinyl records. Philips introduced the first combination portable radio and cassette recorder which is marketed as the "radiorecorder" and which is now better known as the boom box. Later the cassette was used in telephone answering machines including a special form of cassette where the tape was wound on an endless loop. The C-cassette found itself also as the first mass storage device for early personal computers in the 1970s and 1980s. Philips would also reduce the cassette size for the professional needs, first with the mini cassette and later the microcassette which were predominant dictation machines up to the advent of fully digital dictation machines.

In 1972 Philips launched the world's first home video cassette recorder, the N1500 with bulky video cassettes that could record 30 minutes or 45 minutes. Later one hour tapes were also offered. As competition came from Sony's Betamax and the VHS group of manufacturers, Philips introduced the N1700 system which allowed double length recording and for the first time would fit a 2 hour movie onto one video cassette. This idea was soon copied by the Japanese makers whose tapes were significantly cheaper. Philips made one last attempt at a new standard for video recorders with the Video 2000 system with tapes that could be used on both sides and had thus 8 hours of total recording time. As Philips only sold its systems on the PAL standard and in Europe, and the Japanese makers sold globally, the scale advantages of the Japanese proved insurmountable and Philips withdrew the V2000 system and joined the VHS Coalition.

Philips had early developments of a laser disk for selling movies but delayed its commercial launch for fear of cannibalizing its video recorder sales. Later Philips would join with Sony to launch the first commercial laser disk standard and players, and again in 1982 with Sony to launch Compact Disc. This evolved to the present day DVD, which Philips launched with Sony in 1997.

In 1991, the company's name was changed from N.V. Philips Gloeilampenfabrieken to Philips Electronics N.V. At the same time, North American Philips was formally dissolved, and a new corporate division was formed in the U.S. with the name Philips Electronics North America Corp.

In 1997 the decision was made to move the headquarters from Eindhoven to Amsterdam, along with the corporate name change to Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. The move was completed in 2001. Initially, the company was housed in the Rembrandt Towermarker, but in 2002 they moved again, this time to the Breitner Tower. In a sense, the move to Amsterdam can be considered a return to the company's roots, because Gerard Philips lived in Amsterdam when he came up with the idea of building a light bulb factory. He also conducted his first experiments in the field of mass production of light bulbs there, together with Jan Reesse. Philips Lighting, Philips Research, Philips Semiconductors (spun off as NXP in September 2006) and Philips Design, are still based in Eindhoven. Philips Healthcare is headquartered in both Best, Netherlands (just outside Eindhoven) and Andover, Massachusettsmarker, United States (near Boston).

Sale of semiconductors

As a chip maker, Philips Semiconductors was among the Worldwide Top 20 Semiconductor Sales Leaders.

In December 2005, Philips announced its intention to make the Semiconductor Division into a separate legal entity. This process of "disentanglement" was completed on 1 October 2006.

On 2 August 2006, Philips completed an agreement to sell a controlling 80.1% stake in Philips Semiconductors to a consortium of private equity investors consisting of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. (KKR), Silver Lake Partners and AlpInvest Partners. The sale completed a process, which began December 2005, with its decision to create a separate legal entity for Semiconductors and to pursue all strategic options. Six weeks before, ahead of its online dialogue, through a letter to 8,000 of Philips managers, it was announced that they were speeding up the transformation of Semiconductors into a stand-alone entity with majority ownership by a third party. It was stated then that "this is much more than just a transaction: it is probably the most significant milestone on a long journey of change for Philips and the beginning of a new chapter for everyone – especially those involved with Semiconductors".

In its more than 115 year history, this counts as a big step that is definitely changing the profile of the company. Philips was one of few companies that successfully made the transition from the electrical world of the 19th century into the electronic age, starting its semiconductor activity in 1953 and building it into a global top 10 player in its industry. As such, Semiconductors was at the heart of many innovations in Philips over the past 50 years.

Agreeing to start a process that would ultimately lead to the decision to sell the Semiconductor Division therefore was one of the toughest decisions that the Board of Management ever had to make.

On 21 August 2006, Bain Capital and Apax Partners announced that they had signed definitive commitments to join the expanded consortium headed by KKR that is to acquire the controlling stake in the Semiconductors Division.

On 1 September 2006, it was announced in Berlin that the name of the new semiconductor company founded by Philips is NXP Semiconductors.

Coinciding with the sale of the Semiconductor Division, Philips also announced that they would drop the word 'Electronics' from the company name, thus becoming simply Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Royal Philips N.V.).

Corporate affairs

In 2004, Philips abandoned the slogan "Let's make things better" in favour of a new one: "Sense and simplicity".

ASM Lithography is a spin-off from a division of Philips.

Origin, now part of Atos Origin, is a former division of Philips.

Its record division, Polygram, was sold to Seagram in 1998 to form Universal Music Group.

Philips Intellectual Property and Standards , is the company's division dealing with licensing, trademark protection and patenting. Philips currently holds about 55,000 patent rights, 33,000 trademark registrations, and 49,000 design registrations.

CEOs

Past and present CEO:

Acquisitions, subsidiaries and spinouts

Acquisitions

Companies acquired by Philips through the years include Amperex, Magnavox, Signetics, Mullard, VLSI, Agilent Healthcare Solutions Group, Marconi Medical Systems, ADAC Labs, ATL Ultrasound, portions of Westinghouse and the consumer electronics operations of Philco and Sylvania. Philips abandoned the Sylvania trademark which is now owned by SLI (Sylvania Lighting International) except in Australia, Canada, Mexico, New Zealand, Puerto Rico and the USA where it is owned by the Osram unit of Siemens. Formed in November 1999 as a equal joint venture between Philips and Agilent Technologies, the light-emitting diode manufacturer Lumileds became a subsidiary of Phillips Lighting in August 2005 and a fully-owned subsidiary in December 2006., In 2000, Philips bought Optiva Corporation, the maker of Sonicare electric toothbrushes. The company was renamed Philips Oral Healthcare and made a subsidiary of Philips DAP. In 2006 Philips bought out the company Lifeline Systems headquartered in Framinghammarker, Massachusettsmarker. In August 2007 Philips acquired the company Ximis, Inc. headquartered in El Paso, TXmarker for their Medical Informatics Division.In October 2007, it purchased a Moore Microprocessor Patent (MPP) Portfolio license from The TPL Group.

On Friday, 21st of December 2007 Philips and Respironics, Inc. announced a definitive merger agreement pursuant to which Philips will commence a tender offer to acquire all of the outstanding shares of Respironics for US$66 per share, or a total purchase price of approximately €3.6 billion (US$5.1 billion) to be paid in cash upon completion.

Spinouts

Polymer Vision , the maker of The Readius , is a spin out from Philips Electronics.

APRICO Solutions , is a venture within Philips Intellectual Property and Standards.

Philips also forayed into the pharmaceuticals market in a company best known as Philips-Duphar (Dutch Pharmaceuticals). Philips-Duphar made products for crop protection, veterinary medicine and products for human use. Duphar was sold to Solvay, now Solvay Pharmaceuticals. In subsequent years divisions have been sold of, by Solvay, to other companies (crop protection was sold to UniRoyal, now Chemtura and the veterinary division was sold to Fort Dodge, a division of Wyeth).

Sports, sponsorships and naming rights

Traditionally Philips has a vested interest in sports, originally as a means to provide a healthy form of recreation for its employees. In 1913, in celebration of the Centenary of Dutch independence from France, Philips founded a sports club called Philips Sport Vereniging (Philips Sports Club), or PSV, as it is now known. The sports clubencompasses all kinds of sports, but is currently most famous for its Premier League football team and its swimming team. Philips owns the naming rights to Philips Stadionmarker, located in Eindhovenmarker, which is home to Dutch football team PSV Eindhoven.

Abroad, Philips sponsors and has sponsored numerous sport clubs, sport facilities, and events. Philips recently (November 2008) extended its very successful F1 partnership with AT&T Williams to include many more product groups.

Furthermore, Philips owns the naming rights to the Philips Arenamarker in Atlanta, Georgiamarker and to the Philips Championship, the premier basketball league in Australia, traditionally known as the National Basketball League. Between 1988 and 1993 Philips were also the major sponsors of The Balmain Tigers, an Australian rugby league team.

In Thailandmarker Philips is a sponsor of PEA FC.

Outside of sports Philips sponsors the Philips Monsters of Rock festival, held in many countries all over the world.

Worldwide presence

Philips also used to sell major household appliances (whitegoods) under the name Philips. After selling the Major Domestic Appliances division to Whirlpool Corporation it changed via Philips Whirlpool and Whirlpool Philips to Whirlpool only. Whirlpool bought a 53% stake in Philips' major appliance operations to form Whirlpool International. Whirlpool bought Philips' remaining interest in Whirlpool International in 1991.

Philips is a member of the Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV (HbbTV) consortium of broadcasting and Internet industry companies (also including SES Astramarker, Humax, OpenTV and ANT Software) that is promoting and establishing an open European standard (called HbbTV) for hybrid set-top boxes for the reception of broadcast TV and broadband multimedia applications with a single user interface.

Australia

Philips Australia was founded in 1927 and has been involved in many activities over the years, esp manufacturing.

Philips in Australia has its headquarters in North Ryde, Sydney New South Walesmarker. The company employs over 400 people nationwide.



Regional sales and support offices are located in Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth.

IT infrastructure Services are provided by IBM under the APAC regional River contract and managed by Philips ITI.

Current operating sectors/activities include;

  • Philips Healthcare (also responsible for New Zealand operations)
  • Philips Lighting (also responsible for New Zealand operations)
  • Philips Consumer Lifestyle (also responsible for New Zealand operations)
  • Philips Dictation Systems
  • Philips Dynalite (Lighting Control systems, acquired in 2009)


Brazil

Philips do Brasil was founded in 1924. In 1929, Philips started to sell radio receivers. In the 1930s, Philips was making its light bulbs and radio receivers in Brazil. From 1939 to 1945, World War II forced Brazilian branch of Philips to sell bicycles, refrigerators and insecticides. After the war, Philips had a great industrial expansion in Brazil,and was among first groups to establish in Manausmarker Free Zone. In the 1970s, Philips Records was a major player in Brazil recording industry. Nowadays, Philips do Brasil is one of the largest foreign-owned companies in Brazil.

China, People's Republic of

In early 2008 Philips Lighting, a division of Royal Philips Electronics, opened a small engineering center to adapt the company's products to vehicles in Asia.

Hong Kong

Philips Hong Kong began operation in 1948. Philips Hong Kong houses the global headquarter of Philips' Audio Business Unit. It also house Philip's Asia Pacific regional office and headquarters for its Design Division, Domestic Appliances & Personal Care Products Division, Lighting Products Division and Medical System Products Division.

Philips also has a Light Factory in Hong Kong, with 11 automatic production lines installed which is capable of producing 200 million pieces a year. The Philips Light Factory was established in 1974, now certified with ISO9001:2000 & ISO14001, its product portfolio ranges from Prefocus, Lensend to E10 miniature light bulbs.

India

Philips started operations in India at Kolkatamarker (Calcutta) in 1930 under the name Philips Electrical Co. (India) Pvt Ltd, comprising a staff of 75. It was a sales outlet for Philips lamps imported from overseas.

In 1938 ,Philips India set up its first Indian lamp-manufacturing factory in Kolkata. After the Second World War in 1948, Philips started manufacturing radios in Kolkata. In 1959, a second radio factory is established near Punemarker.

  • In 1957, the company is converted into a public limited company, renamed "Philips India Ltd".
  • In 1965 on 3 April, the millionth Philips radio is manufactured in India.
  • In 1970 a new consumer electronics factory is started in Pimpri near Pune. (This factory was shut down in 2006.)
  • In 1982, Philips brought colour television transmission to India with the supply of four outdoor broadcast vans to DD National during the IX Asian Games.
  • In 1996, the Philips Software Centre was established in Bangaloremarker (It is now called the Philips Innovation Campus).
  • In 2008, Philips India entered a new product category, water purifiers designed and made in India, and exported to other countries.


As of 2008, Philips India has about 4,000 employees.

Mexico

  • The Philips Mexicana SA de CV corporate office is based in Mexico City


There several manufacturing plants in Mexico, some are:

Philips Lighting in:

Philips Consumer Electronics in:

Philips Domestic Appliances used to be manufactured in a large factory in Industrial Vallejo sector of Mexico City but was closed in 2003-2004.

Poland



United Kingdom

Philips UK has its headquarters in Guildfordmarker, Surreymarker. The company employs over 2500 people nationwide. Official Philips UK website.

  • Philips Applied Technology, Redhill, Surreymarker develops new products and sub-systems including digital TV and communication technologies.
  • Philips Healthcare Informatics, Belfastmarker develops healthcare software products.
  • Philips Business Communications, Cambridgemarker offers voice and data communications products, specialising in Customer Relationship Management (CRM) applications, IP Telephony, data networking, voice processing, command and control systems and cordless and mobile telephony.
  • Philips Consumer Products, Guildford provides sales and marketing for televisions, including High Definition televisions, DVD recorders, hi-fi and portable audio, CD recorders, PC peripherals, cordless telephones, home and kitchen appliances, personal care (shavers, hair dryers, body beauty and oral hygiene ).
  • Philips Dictation Systems, Colchestermarker, Essex.
  • Philips Lighting: sales from Guildford and manufacture in Hamiltonmarker, Lanarkshiremarker.
  • Philips Healthcare, Reigatemarker, Surrey. Sales and technical support for X-ray, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, patient monitoring, magnetic resonance, computed tomography, and resuscitation products.
  • Philips Research Laboratories, Cambridgemarker (Until 2008 based in Redhill, Surreymarker. Originally these were the Mullard Research Laboratories.)
  • Philips Semiconductors, Hazel Grovemarker, Stockportmarker, Greater Manchestermarker and Southamptonmarker, Hampshire, both also earlier part of Mullard. These now become part of NXP.


In the past, Philips UK also included

  • Consumer product manufacturing in Croydonmarker
  • Philips Domestic Appliances: Electric kettles production at Hastingsmarker
  • London Carriers, logistics and transport division.
  • Mullard Equipment Limited (MEL) which produced products for the military
  • Pye Telecommunications Ltd of Cambridge
  • TMC Limited of Malmesburymarker


United States

Philips' American headquarters is Philips Electronics North America Corporation, 3000 Minuteman Rd., Andover, Mass. For many years, the North American headquarters was located in New York, but with the company's footprint in healthcare ever increasing, it made sense to co-locate its headquarters office with its largest business sector (healthcare).

Philips Lighting has its corporate office in Somerset, New Jerseymarker

with manufacturing plants in:

distribution centers in:

Philips Healthcare is headquartered in Andover, Massachusetts. The North American sales organization is based in Bothell, Washingtonmarker. There are also manufacturing facilities in:

Philips Consumer Lifestyle has its corporate office in Stamford, Connecticutmarker.It has a manufacturing plant in Snoqualmie, Washingtonmarker which makes Sonicare electric toothbrushes.

Philips Research has a laboratory in Briarcliff Manor, NYmarker.

In 2007, Philips has entered into a definitive merger agreement with North American luminaires company Genlyte Group Incorporated, which provides the company with a leading position in the North American luminaires (also known as ˜lighting fixtures"), controls and related products for a wide variety of applications, including solid state lighting. The company also acquired Respironics, which was a significant gain for its healthcare sectore.

Philips has received many awards for its design, innovation and business standards. It is considered by many as one of the world's leading innovators in technology, particularly for healthcare, lighting and consumer products.

Major consumer electronics products



1951 - introduced the Philishave two-headed rotary shaver, marketed in the USA under the Norelco name.

1963 - introduced the Compact cassette.

1963 - introduced the first domestic home video tape recorder, the 405 line 1" tape reel model EL3400.

1978 - introduced the laserdisc player, using technology invented in the 1960s.

1979 - introduced the Video 2000-system: a technically superior design, but a commercial failure.

1982 - launched the Compact Disc in partnership with Sony.

1983 - participated in developing the MSX home computer standard. This computer standard was mainly popular in Japan and The Netherlands.

1991 - introduced the CD-i, the Compact Disc Interactive system which had many video-game console-type features, but was not a sales success .

1992 - launched the ill-fated Digital Compact Cassette format.

1995 - manufactured the Atari Jaguar's CD add-on for Atari.

1999 - launched the Super Audio CD in partnership with Sony.

2001 - successfully launched the Senseo coffeemaker, first in the Netherlands and from 2002 onwards, in other countries across Europe. It produces coffee by brewing from custom-made pads containing coffee grounds. The original Senseo pads are produced by Douwe Egberts. The Senseo has been available in the US since 2004.

2004 - Philips HomeLabs research center created the Mirror TV technology used in their MiraVision television line.

2006 - introduced the Blu-ray Disc in partnership with Sony.

2008 - introduced flatscreen with WOW VX technology. (3D tv)

2008 - introduced the Relationship Care range of Philips Intimate Massagers to the UK market.

The company receives a royalty on every DVD manufactured.

2009 - introduced the Philips Cinema 21:9 TV in a widescreen mode for HDTVs with an LCD display using the aspect ratio.

Healthcare products

 


Healthcare Informatics

  • iSite PACS
  • XIRIS
  • ViewForum
  • Xcelera


Imaging Systems



Defibrillators

  • Equipment
  • Software
  • Accessories




Diagnostic Monitoring

  • Diagnostic ECG


Patient Monitoring



Consumer

Philips AVENT



See also



Spin-offs



References

External links




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