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Phineas Lyman (1716 1774) was an American soldier, born at Durham, Connecticut. He graduated at Yale in 1738, was a tutor there until 1741, studied law and began practice at Suffieldmarker (which was then within the boundaries of Massachusettsmarker). In 1749 he advocated the annexation of Suffieldmarker from Massachusetts. From 1749 to 1755 he was a member of the upper chamber of the Connecticut Legislature. In March, 1755 he was appointed a major general and was made commander in chief of the Connecticut militia force of 1000 men, which participated in the unsuccessful expedition against Crown Pointmarker. At the battle of Lake George (September 8, 1755), after Gen. Sir William Johnson suffered a slight wound, Lyman took command of the forces and repulsed the attack of the French and Indians. He was for a time in 1757 in command of Fort Edwardmarker, and in 1758 commanded the Connecticut forces in the expedition of General Abercrombie which resulted in the disastrous repulse at Ticonderogamarker. The following year he was with Lord Amherst at the capture of Crown Point and Ticonderoga and in 1760 took part in the expeditions to Oswegomarker and Montrealmarker. In 1762 he commanded the colonial contingent of Lord Albemarle's army in the capture of Havanamarker. In 1763, he went to Englandmarker where he remained until 1772, endeavoring to obtain a grant of land in west Floridamarker, a tract near Natchez (now Mississippimarker) being granted by royal charter in 1772. Lyman led a band of settlers to the region in 1773.

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