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Mozart in 1777, the year of the concerto.
Painted in Bologna by an unknown artist
The Piano Concerto No. 9 "Jeunehomme" in E flat major, K. 271, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was written in Salzburgmarker in 1777, when Mozart was 21 years old.

The work has long been known as the “Jeunehomme” Concerto. It was said that Mozart wrote the piece for a French pianist “Jeunehomme” when she visited Salzburg. But scholars couldn't identify the woman for whom he actually wrote it. Recently, the musicologist Michael Lorenz has argued that the woman was actually Victoire Jenamy (1749-1812), a daughter of Jean-Georges Noverre, a famous dancer who was one of Mozart's best friends.

The work is scored for solo piano, two oboes, two horns, and strings.

It consists of three movements:

  1. Allegro, in E-flat major and common (C) time
  2. Andantino, in C minor and 3/4 time
  3. Rondo (Presto), in E flat major and cut time.

The first movement opens, unusually for the time, with interventions by the soloist, anticipating Beethoven's Fourth and Fifth Concertos. As Girdlestone (1964) notes, its departures from convention do not end with this early solo entrance, but continue in the style of dialogue between piano and orchestra in the rest of the movement. Mozart wrote two cadenzas for this movement.

The second movement is written in the relative minor key. In only five of Mozart's piano concertos is the second movement in a minor key (K. 41, K. 271, K. 456, K. 482, and K. 488. K. 41 is an arrangement). Mozart wrote two cadenzas for this movement.

The third movement which opens with the solo piano is in a rondo form on a large scale. It is interrupted, surprisingly, by a slow minuet section (a procedure Mozart would repeat with his 22nd concerto, 1785, also in the key of E-flat). The work ends in the original tempo.


The work is highly regarded by critics. Charles Rosen has called it "perhaps the first unequivocal masterpiece [of the] classical style." Alfred Brendel has called it "one of the greatest wonders of the world". Alfred Einstein dubbed it "Mozart's Eroica."



  • Girdlestone, Cuthbert (1964) Mozart and his piano concertos. New York: Dover Publications. ("an unabridged and corrected republication of the second (1958) edition of the work first published in 1948 by Cassell & Company, Ltd., London, under the title Mozart’s Piano Concertos." : Translation of Mozart et ses concertos pour piano.) ISBN 0-486-21271-8. Contains discussions with examples of the concertos from no. 5 in D major KV 175 to 27 in B flat KV 595 (nos. 1 to 4 being arrangements by the composer, also discussed though more briefly.)

  • Rosen, Charles (1997) The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven. Norton: New York. Rosen's discussion of the work appears on pp. 59-60.

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