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The Piazza della Loggia bombing was a bombing that took place on the morning of May 28, 1974, in Bresciamarker, Italymarker during a anti-fascist protest which killed 8 people and wounded over 90. The bomb was placed inside a rubbish bin.


The first judicial investigation led to the condemnation in 1979 of a member of the Brescian far-right movement. However, this first sentence was cancelled in 1983 and the suspect absolved in 1985 by the Supreme Court of Cassation. A second investigation led to the accusation of another far-right activist, who was thereafter absolved in 1989 because of insufficient evidence. A third investigation is still ongoing. On May 19, 2005, the Court of Cassation confirmed the arrest warrant against Delfo Zorzi, a former member of the Ordine Nuovo neo-fascist group, who was also suspected of being the material executor of the 1969 Piazza Fontana bombingmarker which marked the beginning of the "strategy of tension" in the Italian peninsula. Alongside Delfo Zorzi, his neo-fascist comrades Carlo Maria Maggi and Maurizio Tramonte, all members of the Ordine Nuovo group founded in 1956 by Pino Rauti, are also suspected of having organized the Piazza della Loggia bombing. The presence of Maurizio Tramonte in the place at the time of the blast has been confirmed in 2008 by the results of an antropological forensic test on a picture taken that day.

Conspiracy theories

A 2000 parliamentary report by the Olive Tree coalition claimed "that US intelligence agents were informed in advance about several rightwing terrorist bombings, including the December 1969 Piazza Fontana bombingmarker in Milan and the Piazza della Loggia bombing in Brescia five years later, but did nothing to alert the Italian authorities or to prevent the attacks from taking place. It also [alleged] that Pino Rauti [current leader of the Social Idea Movement ], a journalist and founder of the far-right Ordine Nuovo subversive organisation, received regular funding from a press officer at the US embassy in Rome. 'So even before the 'stabilising' plans that Atlantic circles had prepared for Italy became operational through the bombings, one of the leading members of the subversive right was literally in the pay of the American embassy in Rome,' the report says.


  1. Strage di piazza della Loggia, spunta la foto choc della strage La Repubblica. August 30 2008
  2. US 'supported anti-left terror in Italy', The Guardian, June 24, 2000
  3. Note: the reference fails to cite the name of the press officer in the US embassy.

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