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The Pieman River is a river on the West Coast of Tasmaniamarker, Australia. It was dammed with the 122m high Reece Dammarker in 1986 - creating Lake Piemanmarker.

Name

The once-common suggestion that it was named after a convict "The Pieman" Alexander Pearce who was responsible for one of the few recorded instances of cannibalism in Australia, is not correct. "The Pieman" was in fact Thomas Kent of Southampton, a pastry-cook who was transported to Van Diemen's Landmarker in 1816. After a long series of offences in the colony, he was sent to the Macquarie Harbour penal settlement in 1822 but subsequently escaped, and was recaptured near the mouth of the river which now bears his nickname. The river has significant timber, mining and industrial heritage along its shores.

Hydro scheme

In 1964, well-known photographers Olegas Truchanas and Peter Dombrovskis, together with John Hawkins and Howard Dean, canoed and photographed the Pieman. The damming of the river was the subject of a struggle between conservation groups and Hydro Tasmania, similar to Lake Peddermarker . The struggle went relatively unnoticed on mainland Australia - and it was the proposed Franklin Dam issue that was to catch a much wider Australian audience than the damming of the Pieman or King River.

The Pieman River Power Development was approved by the Tasmanian government in 1971 and completed in 1987. The development included three power stations and five dams. It also included the two major tributaries of the Pieman, the Mackintoshmarker and the Murchisonmarker rivers.

It remains Hydro Tasmania's most successfully multi-dammed catchment on the West Coast, and it was developed after the Upper Gordon Scheme (Lake Peddermarker) and was being completed in the era of the Franklin River controversy. It could be seen as the last major Power Development Scheme undertaken by the Hydro during its stage as an expanding dam-making enterprise. The King River and Henty Rivermarker developments that followed required specifically challenging engineering on the part of Hydro, but were smaller projects in duration.

Railways

The construction of the scheme also altered the route of the Emu Bay Railway, and submerged a variety of rail heritage sites in the vicinity of the river, notably parts of the Wee Georgie Wood Railway or North Farrell Tramway line.

Notes

  1. Sprod, Alexander Pearce of Macquarie Harbour (1977), pp106-18

References



Maps

  • Tasmania. Hydro-Electric Commission. Survey Section.(1982) Pieman River power development map [cartographic material] / H.E.C. Map reproduction Survey Section. Ed. 1, 1982. Scale 1:60 000 (E 145°05'--E 145°46'/S 41°37'--S 42°00') Tourist map on orthophoto base, showing power developments, for the area Corinna-Lake Mackintosh-Trial Harbour. Includes power stations, tourist facilities, and historical notes.


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