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The old gatehouse at Pinewood Studios
Pinewood Studios is a major Britishmarker film studio situated in Iver Heathmarker, Buckinghamshire. Approximately west of Central London on what was the estate of Heatherden Hallmarker, the studios were created in 1934 by Charles Boot and built within 12 months by the Henry Boot Company of Sheffieldmarker. Boot drew his inspiration from the latest Hollywoodmarker movie studios. J. Arthur Rank later took control of both Pinewood and Denham Film Studios, which were often used by producer Alexander Korda.

In 2001, Pinewood Studios merged with Shepperton Studiosmarker, the other leading British film production location. Both studios are linked to the media network Sohonet. In 2004, Pinewood Shepperton floated successfully on the London Stock Exchange. In 2005, Pinewood Shepperton acquired Teddington Studiosmarker. Collectively the company has 41 stages, including ten digital television studios (including "presentation" studios), gardens & woodland for outdoor shooting, one of Europe’s largest exterior water tanks, and a new dedicated underwater stage.

The studios have acted as the base for the long-running James Bond and Carry On British film series. Occasionally the 007 films use other studios due to booking conflicts and other complications.

Some films have also used the studio itself as a location. Peeping Tom (1960) shows people driving out through the main gate and has various shots in the studios (showing things behind the camera), offices & corridors. Return to the Edge of the World (1978) includes shots of director Michael Powell driving into the studio. Heatherden Hall (originally converted to production offices but now restored and hired out for events) has appeared in several films: it was made to look fire-damaged and derelict for the 1972 children's film The Amazing Mr Blunden and also appeared as the Indian residence of Governor Sir Sidney Ruff-Diamond in Carry On up the Khyber.


Pinewood Studios have recently become popular with television producers, with the film stages being used for both single-camera (such as filmed drama, or the Ricky Gervais sitcom Extras) and multi-camera productions (such as Sky1's Brainiac). There are also two dedicated digital television studios on the site (named, appropriately, "tv one" and "tv two") which have concrete/resin levelled floors (as opposed to the traditional wooden floors found in sound stages) both measure .

The studios are currently home to worldwide hit BBC gameshow The Weakest Link, and have been used for others such as Dog Eat Dog and short-lived ITV gameshow Shafted. More recently, sitcoms such as the BBC's My Family and The Green Green Grass, and Channel 4's The IT Crowd have been made there. One of the first multi-camera shows to be made at Pinewood Studios, of the recent era, was the final two series of the Thames Television version of Strike It Lucky, starring Michael Barrymore, which was recorded in one of the sound stages (using an outside broadcast unit for camera facilities) from 1993-5. The Challenge TV gameshow Take It or Leave It hosted by Richard Arnold is also made at Pinewood Studios.

007 Stage

A vast silent stage, aptly titled the 007 Stagemarker, was built for the 1977 Bond film The Spy Who Loved Me and featured a massive water tank, one of the largest in Europe. The stage burnt to the ground in 1984; it was rebuilt four months later and renamed Albert R. Broccoli's 007 Stage in time for filming to commence on A View to a Kill. Another fire on 30 July 2006 seriously damaged the stage, causing the roof to partly cave in. Construction of a new stage began on 18 September and was completed in under six months.

Expansion plans

In November 2007, Pinewood announced a £200m expansion plan, known as Project Pinewood. If built the development would see replicas of streetscapes and zones replicating locations from the UK, Europe and the USA. Planned zones include a college campus, Amsterdam, modern European housing, Venice, Lake Como, Paris, an Amphitheatre, Prague, West coast American housing, warehousing and downtown New York sets, Chicago, Vienna, a castle, a UK canal, Chinatown and a London street market built. In addition it will also be used as residential housing, with the proposed creative community, expected to be in the region of 2000 and 2250, being integrated with the film locations.

The planning application was rejected by South Buckinghamshire District Council in October 2009, following a prolonged opposition campaign by local residents, who formed a "Stop Project Pinewood" group. Pinewood intends to review the council's decision, which may lead to an appeal.

Production history

Since its beginning Pinewood Studios has been the location for many well-known films.Some of the most notable Pinewood productions (by release date) include:

See also


Further reading

External links

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