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View of Pisgat Ze'ev from Moshe Dayan Boulevard


Pisgat Ze'ev ( , lit. Ze'ev Peak), is a neighborhood of Jerusalemmarker, with almost 50,000 residents.[101156] Building commenced in 1982 on land de facto annexed by Israelmarker east of the green linemarker, and the first families moved in three years later. Because this de facto annexation is not recognized by the United Nations, they consider Pisgat Ze'ev to be an Israeli settlement, as do some international organizations (see Positions on Jerusalem). However, this is disputed by Israel, the United States, and other nations, who instead classify it as a neighborhood of Jerusalem. It is located east of the Arab neighborhood of Shuafatmarker, west of the Arab villages of Hizmamarker and 'Anatamarker, and south of Neve Yaakovmarker.

Background

Pisgat Ze'ev was established to create a contiguous Jewish link with Neve Yaakovmarker, which had been isolated from other Jewish areas and is named after the Revisionist Zionist leader, Ze'ev Jabotinsky.

Archeological evidence shows that the region in which Pisgat Ze'ev was established was a major producer of wine and oil for use in the Temple in Jerusalemmarker.

Construction and expansion

Pisgat Ze'ev
Pisgat Ze'ev consists of five sections: Center (1982), West (1988), East and North (1990), and South (1998). It is linked to downtown Jerusalem by a direct freeway, Route 60 (known in Jerusalem proper as Route 1). Because Pisgat Ze'ev is located in territory captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War and was subsequently annexed (first through the Jerusalem annexation directorate of 1967, then through the Jerusalem Law of 1980), it is considered sometimes as a settlement in East Jerusalem since the annexation is generally not recognized by UN organizations. Technically speaking, Pisgat Ze'ev lies in the northern sector of Jerusalem and its location is only referred to as "East Jerusalem" due to the fact it was established east of the Green Linemarker.

The construction of Pisgat Ze'ev increased the proportion of Jews living in East Jerusalem relative to the number of Arabs. In 1990, there were 150,000 Arabs and 120,000 Jews in East Jerusalem; in 1993, there were 155,000 Arabs and 160,000 Jews. The Choice is Now
Angela Godfrey-Goldstein
The Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions, May 22, 2006


West Bank barrier

Since the spring of 2004, the Israeli West Bank barrier has been built to separate Pisgat Ze'ev and other Jerusalem suburbs from the West Bankmarker. One result was an increase of Palestinians with Jerusalem residency moving into Pisgat Ze'ev, which has a largely homogeneous Jewish population. Jerusalem barrier prompts Arabs to move across town
Joshua Mitnick
The Washington Times, May 8, 2006


Schools and public buildings

With 40 percent of the residents under the age of 21, Pisgat Ze'ev has 58 kindergartens, 9 elementary schools, 2 middle schools and 3 high schools. There are also 22 synagogues and 2 libraries.

Street names

The main north-south artery is Moshe Dayan Boulevard, named after the Israeli military leader and politician. Other streets named after Israeli personalities include Simcha Holtzberg Street in northern Pisgat Ze'ev.

Many of the streets in the central section of Pisgat Ze'ev are named for Israeli army units that took part in the 1948 and 1967 wars. Two streets, the "Street of the Four" and the "Street of the Sixteen," commemorate Israeli soldiers who fell in combat in this area during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Six-Day War, and other battles for Jerusalem. A memorial listing the names of these soldiers can be found at the Archeological Park in Pisgat Ze'ev-Central.

See also



Pisgat Ze'ev East


References

  1. Settlement Monitor, The Journal of Palestine Studies XXIV, No. 3, Spring 1995, pp. 122-134.
  2. Jerusalem
  3. Foundation for Middle East Peace - Settlements in East Jerusalem
  4. East Jerusalem, B'Tselem.


External links




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