Piva (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Пива) is a river in
Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, shorter headwater of the Drina river, which
it forms with the Tara river on the
border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
springs from the Sinjac (Cyrillic: Сињац) spring
on Golija mountain,
near the Monastery of Piva (also
called Vrelo Pive; Cyrillic: Врело Пиве; Well
Before the artificial Lake Piva
was formed, the water from the well
rushed into the river Komarnica
) thus creating the Piva river for the next 34
km. However, Komarnica is part of a 86 km long river system
(Tušina-Bukovica-Bijela-Komarnica), so measured from the source of
river (Cyrillic: Тушина
), the Piva,
nicknamed 'the river with five names' is 120 km long.
originates from the mountain Sinjajevina in the Uskoci region of central Montenegro, just
few kilometers away from the source of another important
Montenegrin river, Morača.
river flows to the west, between the Sinjajevina and Lola
mountains, next to the villages of Krnja
Jela, Bare, Boan and Tušina. It receives from the north the
river (Cyrillic: Буковица
continues further under this name. After the river passes the regional center
of Šavnik and the
villages of Gradac and Pridvorica in the region of Drobnjaci, the stream receives from the north the
Komarnica and takes its name.
Bridge over the Piva River
The Komarnica continues between the mountains of Vojnik
, in an almost uninhabited area (village
of Duži) and enters the high Piva Pleateau, where it turns north
(almost all of the Komarnica's course is flooded by the reservoir
of the Lake Piva), receives from the right outflow of the Piva well
and enters the deep Piva canyon.
is cut between the mountains of Bioč,
Volujak, Maglić and Pivska planina, its 33 km long, deep up to
1.200 m and river generates immense power used for the power
station of Mratinje (342 MW) which dammed the canyon in 1975.
The dam is 220 m high, one of the highest in Europe
and creates Lake Piva, third largest in Serbia
and Montenegro (12,5 km², altitude 675 m, 188 m deep), which
flooded the old location of the monastery of Piva from the XVI
century, so the monastery was moved to the new one. The
river flows from the left into the lake.
After the dam, the Piva continues straight to the north, meets the
Tara at Šćepan Polje
border with Bosnia and Herzegovina and creates the Drina.
belongs to the Black
Sea drainage basin with
its own drainage area of 1.270 km² and is not
površ (Cyrillic): Пивска површ), is a high limestone
plateau in the drainage area of Piva, between the mountains of
Durmitor, Maglić, Lebršnik,
Golija and Vojnik.
The plateau is 55 km long, 30 km wide
with an average altitude of 1.200 m, the highest 2.159 m. The flow
of Komarnica-Piva divides it in two regions: western one,
(Cyrillic: Пивска Жупа
) and eastern
one, Pivska planina
(Cyrillic: Пивска планина
Area is characterized by many limestone features, like cavities
) deep pits and excavations, and
extremely sparsely populated (some 20 smaller settlements in Pivska
Župa and 15 in Pivska planina).Stock breeding is developed though,
- Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985);
Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
- Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski
leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN