PlayStation 3: Map


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{{Infobox CVG system
title = PlayStation 3
logo =

caption = (Counter-clockwise from top) Original logo, new logo, original model, controller, newer slim model design.
manufacturer = Sony EMCS, Foxconn, Lanix, ASUSTeK for SCEI
family = PlayStation
type = Video game console
generation = Seventh generation era
lifespan = November 11, 2006

unitssold=27 million (as of September 30, 2009)
media = Blu-ray Disc, DVD, CD (all models)

Super Audio CD (1st & 2nd generations only),

Digital distribution
os= XrossMediaBar

system software version 3.10
CPU = 3.2 GHz Cell Broadband Engine with 1 PPE & 7 SPEs
storage = 2.5" SATA hard drive

(20 GB, 40 GB, 60 GB, 80 GB, 120 GB, 160 GB, or 250 GB included) (upgradeable)
GPU = 550 MHz NVIDIAmarker/SCEI RSX 'Reality Synthesizer'
controllers= Sixaxis, DualShock 3
connectivity= |onlineservice = [[PlayStation Network]] |compatibility = [[PlayStation]] (all models)
[[PlayStation 2]] (20 GB, 60 GB, and CECHExx 80 GB models) |predecessor=PlayStation 2 |successor = }} The '''PlayStation 3''' (officially abbreviated as '''''PS3'''''{{cite web|url=|title=Entertainment on PS3 has a new look|date=2009-08-18|publisher=[[Sony Computer Entertainment|Sony Computer Entertainment Europe]]|accessdate=2009-09-01}}) is the third home [[video game console]] produced by [[Sony Computer Entertainment]], and the successor to the [[PlayStation 2]] as part of the [[PlayStation (brand)|PlayStation series]]. The PlayStation 3 competes with [[Microsoft]]'s [[Xbox 360]] and [[Nintendo]]'s [[Wii]] as part of the [[History of video game consoles (seventh generation)|seventh generation]] of video game consoles. A major feature that distinguishes the PlayStation 3 from its predecessors is its unified [[Multiplayer game|online gaming]] service, the [[PlayStation Network]],{{cite web| url=| archiveurl=| archivedate=2008-02-12| title=PlayStation 3 - Things to Know — PlayStation Network| publisher=SCEA| accessdate=2008-01-14}} which contrasts with Sony's former policy of relying on [[video game developer]]s for [[online game|online play]].{{cite web|url=| title=Sony confirms PS2 online plans| date=2002-08-15| publisher=The Register| accessdate=2008-01-14}} Other major features of the console include its robust multimedia capabilities,{{cite web|url=|archiveurl=|archivedate=2008-02-13| title=PlayStation 3 - Things to Know — Multimedia| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment America| accessdate=2008-01-14}} connectivity with the [[PlayStation Portable]],{{cite web| url=| title=PlayStation Blog — PS3 Tips — Remote Play and PlayStation Store| date=2007-12-26| first=Al| last=De Leon| publisher=SCEA| accessdate=2008-01-14}} and its use of a [[High-definition video|high-definition]] [[optical disc]] format, [[Blu-ray Disc]], as its [[primary storage]] medium.{{cite web| url=| archiveurl=| archivedate=2008-02-13| title=PlayStation 3 - Things to Know — Blu-ray Disc and movies| publisher=SCEA| accessdate=2008-01-14}} The PS3 was also the first [[Blu-ray Disc#Player profiles|Blu-ray 2.0]]-compliant Blu-ray player on the market.{{cite web|url=| title=Firmware version 2.20 bringing BD-Live to PS3| date=2008-03-20| first=Eric|last=Lempel| publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment America| accessdate=2008-04-02}} The PlayStation 3 was first released on November 11, [[2006 in Japan]],{{cite news|url=| title=PS3 sells out at launch| date=2006-11-11| publisher=BBC| accessdate=2008-01-14}} November 17, 2006 in [[North America]] and [[South America]],{{cite web|url=| title=Sony's PS3 makes U.S. debut| date=2006-11-17| publisher=USA Today| accessdate=2008-01-14}} and March 23, 2007 in [[Europe]] and [[Oceania]].{{cite web| url=| title=SCEE official press release| date=2007-01-24 | publisher=Sony Computer Entertainment Europe| accessdate=2008-01-14}}{{cite web| url=| title=Sony Confirms PS3 Euro Launch Details| date=2007-01-24| publisher=Next Gen| accessdate=2008-01-14}} Two [[Stock-keeping unit|SKUs]] were available at launch: a basic model with a 20 [[Gigabyte|GB]] [[hard disk drive|hard drive]] (HDD), and a premium model with a 60 GB hard drive and several additional features{{cite web |url=| title=IGN: E3 2006: The final word on PlayStation| date=2006-05-24| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-01-14}} (the 20 GB model was not released in Europe or Oceania).{{cite news |url= |title=Reeves: No PAL 20GB/80GB PS3 Plans |publisher=Interactive Entertainment Today |date=June 10, 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-31}} Since then, several revisions have been made to the console's available models, most notably with the release of a new slim model in September 2009.{{cite web| url=| title=Sony PlayStation 3 review| date=2007-11-16| publisher=CNET| accessdate=2008-01-14}} ==History== {{See also|History of video game consoles (seventh generation)}} [[Sony]] officially unveiled the PlayStation 3 (then marketed as '''''PLAYSTATION 3'''''{{cite web| url= |title=PLAYSTATION is in capitals |accessdate=2008-01-18 |date=2006-08-10 |publisher=Kotaku}}) to the public on [[May 16, 2005]], during the [[History of E3#2005|E3 2005 conference]].{{cite web| url=| title=IGN: E3 2005: PS3 Official| publisher=IGN| last=Sulic| first=Ivan| date=2005-05-16| accessdate=2008-01-14}} A functional version of the system was not present there,{{cite web| url=| title= TGS 2005 booth round-up| date=2005-09-15| publisher=Gamasutra| accessdate=2008-01-14}} nor at the [[Tokyo Game Show]] in September 2005,{{cite web|url=| title=Sony E3 2005 press conference video| date=2005-05-17| publisher=IGN| accessdate=2008-01-14}} although demonstrations (such as ''[[Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots]]'') were held at both events on [[software development kit|devkits]] and comparable [[Personal computer|PC]] hardware. Video footage based on the predicted PlayStation 3 specifications was also shown (notably a ''[[Final Fantasy VII]]'' [[tech demo]]).{{cite web|last=Allen|first=Jason|url=|title=E3 2005: Eyes-on the Final Fantasy VII Tech Demo|publisher=IGN|date=2005-05-15|accessdate=2006-07-24}} The initial prototype shown in [[May 2005]] featured two [[HDMI]] ports, three [[Ethernet]] ports and six [[USB]] ports;{{cite web |url=| title=PlayStation 3 announced for 2006| publisher=GameSpot| date=2005-05-16| accessdate=2008-01-14}} however, when the system was shown again a year later at [[History of E3#2006|E3 2006]], these were reduced to one HDMI port, one Ethernet port and four USB ports, presumably to cut costs.{{cite web |url= |title=IGN's Official PlayStation 3 FAQ |date=2007-03-26 |pages=1 of 4 |publisher=IGN PlayStation 3 |accessdate=2007-04-23}} Two hardware configurations were also announced for the console: a 20 [[Gigabyte|GB]] model and a 60 GB model, priced at $499 (€499) and $599 (€599), respectively. The 60 GB model would be the only configuration to feature an HDMI port, [[Wi-Fi]] internet, flash card readers and a chrome trim with the logo in silver. Both models were announced for a simultaneous worldwide release: November 11 for Japan, and November 17 for [[North America]] and [[Europe]].{{cite web| url=| title=Sony PlayStation 3 launch details| date=2006-05-09| publisher=Arstechnica| accessdate=2008-01-18}} [[Image:PS3 e3 2005 prototype AV out.jpg|thumb|upright|Silver PlayStation 3 prototype ([[E3 (Electronic Entertainment Expo)|E3]] 2005 specs). Note the two additional USB ports, three gigabit Ethernet ports and two HDMI ports.]] On September 6, 2006, [[Sony]] announced that the [[PAL region]] (Europe and [[Oceania]]) PlayStation 3 launch would be delayed until March 2007, due to a shortage of materials used in the [[Blu-ray Disc]] drive.{{cite news| url=| title=PlayStation 3 Euro launch delayed| date=2006-09-06| publisher=BBC| accessdate=2008-01-14}} At the Tokyo Game Show on September 22, 2006, Sony announced that it would include an HDMI port on the 20 GB system, but a chrome trim, flash card readers, silver logo, and Wi-Fi would not be included.{{cite web| url=| title= TGS 2006 - TGS 06: No US PS3 price drop; HDMI in 20 GB model| date=2006-09-23| publisher=GameSpot| accessdate=2008-01-14}} Also, the launch price of the Japanese 20 GB model was reduced by over 20%,{{cite web |author=Anoop Gantayat |title=TGS 2006: Price Drop For Japanese PS3 |publisher=IGN PlayStation 3 |date=2006-09-22 |url= |accessdate=2007-01-15}} and the 60 GB model was announced for an open pricing scheme in Japan. During the event, Sony showed 27 playable [[List of PlayStation 3 games|PS3 games]] running on final hardware.{{cite web|date=2006-08-16|url=| title=Sony announces 27 playable titles for the September Tokyo Game Show.|publisher=IGN|accessdate=2006-08-16}} ===Launch=== {{Main|PlayStation 3 launch}} The PlayStation 3 was first released in Japan on November 11, 2006 at 07:00. According to [[Media Create]], 81,639 PS3 systems were sold within 24 hours of its introduction in Japan.{{cite web |url= |title=Japanese PS3 Sales Data Also Depressing |publisher=Media Create Co. ''via'' Kotaku| date=2006-11-14 |accessdate=2008-10-24}} Soon after its release in Japan, the PS3 was released in North America on November 17, 2006. Reports of violence surrounding the release of the PS3 include a customer shot,{{cite web |url= |title=1 Shot in Conn. PlayStation Waiting Line |date=2006-11-17 |publisher=ABC News |accessdate=2006-11-17}}{{dead link|date=November 2009}} campers robbed at gunpoint,{{cite web|url=|title=Camping PlayStation gamers robbed at gunpoint|publisher=KMTR|accessdate=2006-11-17}} customers shot in a [[drive-by shooting]] with [[BB gun]]s,{{cite web|url=|title=Four People Shot While Waiting for PlayStation Console, Including 27 NEWSFIRST Reporter|date=2006-11-16|publisher=WKYT News|accessdate=2006-11-17}} and 60 campers fighting over 10 systems.{{cite web|url=|title=PlayStation3 Crowd Gets More Than It Bargained for in Tysons |date=2006-11-17|publisher=WTOP News|accessdate=2006-11-17}} The console was originally planned for a global release through November, but the European and rest-of-the-world's release was delayed "until March" at the start of September.[ PS3 delayed in Europe News | PS3 | Eurogamer ] With it being a somewhat last-minute delay, some companies had taken deposit-based pre-orders, to which Sony informed customers that they were eligible for full refunds or could continue the pre-order.[ Official PS3 News Thread - Page 61 - Forums ] On January 24, 2007, Sony announced that the PlayStation 3 would go on sale on March 23, 2007 in Europe, Australia, the [[Middle East]], Africa and [[New Zealand]]. The system sold about 600,000 units in its first two days.{{cite news |title=Sony’s PS3 has record launch in Europe |url= |publisher=Financial Times |date=March 28, 2007 |accessdate=2007-09-01}} On March 7, 2007, the 60 GB PlayStation 3 launched in [[Singapore]] with a price of [[Singapore Dollar|S$]]799.{{cite web| url=,3800005208,61994590-001p,00.htm| title=Singapore's PS3 launch party| date=2007-03-08| publisher=CNET| accessdate=2008-01-14}} The console was launched in South Korea on June 16, 2007 in a single version equipped with an 80 GB hard drive and [[IPTV]].{{cite web|url=|title=PlayStation 3 (80 GB) Korean| publisher=SCEI| accessdate=2008-01-18}} ===Reception=== [[Image:PS3s and controllers at E3 2006.jpg|thumb|A silver PS3 on showcase in 2006]] Early PlayStation 3 reviews soon after launch were critical of its high price and lack of quality launch games, but commended the system's hardware capabilities and potential.{{cite web |url= |title=Sony PlayStation 3 |author=Riyad Emeran | |date=2007-03-23 |accessdate=2007-07-10}}{{cite web |url= |title=First review: PlayStation 3 |date=2007-03-01 |author=Danny Allen |publisher=PC Advisor |accessdate=2007-07-10}} However, after a series of price revisions, Blu-ray's victory over [[HD DVD]],{{cite press release |url= |title=Toshiba Announces Discontinuation of HD DVD Businesses |publisher=[[Toshiba]] |date=2008-02-19 |accessdate=2008-08-31}} and the release of several well received titles, the system received better reviews. [[IGN]] judged the PlayStation 3 to have the best game line-up of 2008, based on their review scores in comparison to those of the Wii and Xbox 360.{{cite web|last=Shea |first=Cam |url= |title=IGN: Aussie Console Showdown 08: PS3 vs. Wii vs. 360 | |date= |accessdate=2009-08-07}} The PS3 was given the number-eight spot on ''[[PC World (magazine)|PC World]]'' magazine’s list of "The Top 21 Tech Screwups of 2006," where it was criticized for being "Late, Expensive, and Incompatible".{{cite web |url=|title=The Top 21 Tech Screwups of 2006 |accessdate=2007-02-03 |last=Tynan |first=Dan |date=2006-12-20 |publisher=PC World}} [[GamesRadar]] ranked the PS3 as the top item in a feature on game-related [[Public relations|PR]] disasters, asking how Sony managed to "take one of the most anticipated game systems of all time and — within the space of a year — turn it into a hate object reviled by the entire internet", but added that despite its problems the system has "untapped potential".{{cite web |url= | title=The Top 7... PR disasters|accessdate=2007-03-21 |last=Reparaz |first=Mikel |date=2007-03-21 |publisher=GamesRadar}} ''[[Business Week]]'' summed up the general opinion by stating that it was "more impressed with what [the PlayStation 3] could do than with what it currently does".{{cite web |url= |title=PS3: Soon to Be a Great System |author=Cliff Edwards |publisher=[[Business Week]] |date=2006-11-16 |accessdate=2007-07-10}} Developers have also found the machine difficult to program for. In 2007, [[Gabe Newell]] of [[Valve Corporation|Valve]] said "The PS3 is a total disaster on so many levels, I think it's really clear that Sony lost track of what customers and what developers wanted". He continued "I'd say, even at this late date, they should just cancel it and do a do over. Just say, 'This was a horrible disaster and we're sorry and we're going to stop selling this and stop trying to convince people to develop for it'".{{cite web|url=| title=Valve: PS3 a "total disaster on so many levels"| date=2007-01-15| first=Stuart| last=Bishop|| accessdate=2007-01-15}} Doug Lombardi VP of Marketing for Valve has since stated that they are interested in developing for the console and are looking to hire talented PS3 programmers for future projects.{{cite web|url=|title=Valve open to work with PS3 development | date="2009-07-05"|}} However he stated, "Until we have the ability to get a PS3 team together, until we find the people who want to come to Valve or who are at Valve who want to work on that, I don't really see us moving to that platform".{{cite web|url =| title = Valve dodge PS3 development| date = 2009-07-03| first = Luke|last = Guttridge| publisher =| accessdate = 2009-07-13}} [[Activision Blizzard]] CEO [[Bobby Kotick]] has criticised the PS3’s high development costs and inferior attach rate and return to that of the [[Xbox 360]] and [[Wii]]. He believes these factors are pushing developers away from working on the console. In an interview with ''[[The Times]]'' Kotick stated "I'm getting concerned about Sony; the PlayStation 3 is losing a bit of momentum and they don't make it easy for me to support the platform."{{cite web|url =| title = Sony should beware — Activision chief is not simply playing games| date = 2009-06-19| first = Dan |last = Sabbagh | publisher =| accessdate = 2009-07-13}} He continued, "It's expensive to develop for the console, and the Wii and the Xbox are just selling better. Games generate a better [[return on invested capital]] on the Xbox than on the PlayStation." Kotick also claimed that Activision Blizzard may stop supporting the system if the situation is not addressed. “[Sony has] to cut the [PS3’s retail] price, because if they don't, the attach rates are likely to slow. If we are being realistic, we might have to stop supporting Sony.”{{cite web|url =| title=Kotick slams PS3 for ‘high’ dev costs| date=2009-06-19| first=Rob| last=Crossley| publisher=develop-online.| accessdate=2009-07-13}} However, this has gotten Kotick some heavy criticism about the validity of the statement and whether such a statement, or such a move, would even be appropriate, with [[Bioware]] even calling the statement "silly."{{cite web|url = | title = BioWare: Activision PS3 comment "silly and biased towards what is popular."}} However, even [[Kazuo Hirai]], [[Chairman]] of [[Sony Computer Entertainment]], said that the PS3 was intentionally difficult to develop for.{{cite web|url =| title = Hirai: We're the "official" industry leader |publisher=[[Eurogamer]]|quote=''We don't provide the easy to program for console that [developers] want, because easy to program for means that anybody will be able to take advantage of pretty much what the hardware can do, so then the question is what do you do for the rest of the nine-and-a-half years?''| date=2009-01-20| accessdate=2009-10-31}} Despite the initial negative press, several websites have given the system very good reviews. [[CNET]] United Kingdom praised the system saying, "the PS3 is a versatile and impressive piece of home-entertainment equipment that lives up to the hype [...] the PS3 is well worth its hefty price tag."{{cite web |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate=2007-03-28 |title=PS3 Reviewed |accessdate=2007-04-21 |last=Carnoy |first=Dave |year=2007 |month=March |}} CNET awarded it a score of 8.8 out of 10 and voted it as its number one "must-have" gadget,{{cite web |url= |title=Top 10 Must-haves |accessdate=2007-02-22 |author=CNET Staff |date=2006-11-21 |publisher=CNET}} praising its robust graphical capabilities and stylish exterior design while criticizing its limited selection of available games.{{cite web |url= |title=Sony PlayStation 3 (60 GB) Reviews |accessdate=2007-02-03 |last=Carnoy |first=David |date=2006-11-14 |publisher=CNET}} In addition, both ''Home Theater Magazine'' and ''Ultimate AV'' have given the system's Blu-ray playback very favorable reviews, stating that the quality of playback exceeds that of many current standalone [[Blu-ray]] players.{{cite web |url= |title=Sony PlayStation 3 |accessdate=2007-02-22 |last=Chiarella |first=Chris |year=2006 |month=December |work=Home Theater Magazine |publisher=Primedia Magazines, Inc.}}{{cite web |url= |title=PlayStation3 Blu-ray Disc Player |accessdate=2007-02-22 |last=Buettner |first=Shane C. |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=2006 |month=December |work= |publisher=Primedia Magazines, Inc. |pages=4 of 6}} ''Hexus Gaming'' reviewed the PAL version and summed the review up by saying, "as the PlayStation 3 matures and developers start really pushing it, we’ll see the PlayStation 3 emerge as the console of choice for gaming."{{cite web |url= |title=Review : Sony PlayStation 3 |accessdate=2007-04-25 |last=Haywood |first=Nick |date=2007-03-23 |publisher=HEXUS.gaming |pages=6 of 6}} At [[Game Developers Conference|GDC]] 2007, [[Shiny Entertainment]] founder [[David Perry (game developer)|Dave Perry]] stated, "I think that Sony has made the best machine. It's the best piece of hardware, without question".{{cite web |url= |title=GDC: What's Next for PS3? |accessdate=2007-04-25 |last=Gibson |first=Ellie |date=2007-03-07 |}} A second review of the PS3 by [[Ars Technica]] in June 2008 gave the console an overall mark of 9/10, while the original launch review marked only 6/10.{{cite web|url=| title=They say it got smart: a 2008 review of the PS3| date=2008-06-04| first=Ben| last=Kuchera| publisher=Ars Technica| accessdate=2008-06-10}} ===Slim model and rebrand=== The PlayStation 3 Slim has received extremely positive reviews as well as a boost in sales; less than 24 hours after its announcement the PS3 Slim took the number-one bestseller spot on [[]] in the video games section for fifteen consecutive days before regaining the position again one day later.{{cite web |title=PS3 Slim gets back Bestseller top spot on Amazon |url= |date=September 1, 2009 |work= | |accessdate=3 September 2009}} The PS3 Slim also received praise from PC World giving it a 90 out of 100 praising its new repackaging and the new value it brings at a lower price as well as praising its quietness and the reduction in its power consumption. This is in stark contrast to the original PS3's launch in which it was given position number-eight on their "The Top 21 Tech Screwups of 2006" list.{{cite web |title=Priced right, Sony's slim-line PlayStation 3 (120GB) bundles the top-notch features of the earlier PlayStation 3 into a smarter, sleeker package. |url= |date=September 2, 2009 |work= |publisher=[[PC World (magazine)|PC World]] |accessdate=3 September 2009}} CNET awarded the PS3 Slim four out of five stars praising its Blu-Ray capabilities, 120GB hard drive, free online gaming service and more affordable pricing point, but complained about the lack of backwards compatibility for PlayStation 2 games.{{cite web |title=Sony PlayStation 3 Slim - 120GB Review |url= |date=August 19, 2009 |work= |publisher=[[CNET]] |accessdate=3 September 2009}} TechRadar gave the PS3 Slim four and a half stars out of five praising its new smaller size and summed up its review stating, "Over all, the PS3 Slim is a phenomenal piece of kit. It's amazing that something so small can do so much", however they criticized the exterior design of the PS3 Slim as being "ugly", however it wasn't criticized as ''ugly'' to the same degree as the original system's design.{{cite web |title=Sony PlayStation 3 Slim 120GB review |url= |date=September 1, 2009 |work= |publisher=TechRadar |accessdate=3 September 2009}} As part of the release for the slim model, the logo was changed from the "Spider-Man font" ''PLAYSTATION 3'' to the more traditional PlayStation 3 with "PS3" on the console.the console's finish Along with the console and logo redesign, the boot screen of all consoles changed from saying "Sony Computer Entertainment" to "PS3 PlayStation 3", with a new chime and the game start splashscreen being dropped.the console The packaging of games has also been changed to reflect the new consoles logos and image. ==Hardware== ===System Unit=== {{Main|PlayStation 3 hardware}} The PlayStation 3 is convex on its left side, with the PlayStation logo upright, when vertical (the top side is convex when horizontal), and has a glossy black finish.{{cite web| url=| title=Official PlayStation 3 press photos| date=2006-08-23 | publisher=SCEE Press Office| accessdate=2008-01-15}} PlayStation designer Teiyu Goto stated that the [[Spider-Man (film)|Spider-Man]] font-inspired logo "was one of the first elements [[SCEI]] president [[Ken Kutaragi]] decided on and the logo may have been the motivating force behind the shape of PS3".

The PlayStation 3 features a slot-loading 2x speed Blu-ray Disc drive for games, Blu-ray movies, DVDs, CDs, and other optical media. It was originally available with hard drives of 20 and 60 GB (only the 60 GB model was available in PAL regions). An 80 GB model has since been introduced in NTSC regions, and a 40 GB model has been introduced in all regions. All PS3 models have user-upgradeable 2.5" SATA hard drives.

The PlayStation 3 uses the Sony, Toshiba, IBM-designed Cell microprocessor as its CPU, which is made up of one 3.2 GHz PowerPC-based "Power Processing Element" (PPE) and eight Synergistic Processing Elements (SPEs). The eighth SPE is disabled to improve chip yields. Only six of the seven SPEs are accessible to developers as the seventh SPE is reserved by the console's operating system. Graphics processing is handled by the NVIDIAmarker RSX 'Reality Synthesizer', which can output resolutions from 480i/576i SD up to 1080p HD. The PlayStation 3 has 256 MB of XDR main memory and 256 MB of GDDR3 video memory for the RSX.

The system has Bluetooth 2.0, gigabit Ethernet, USB 2.0 and HDMI 1.3a built in on all currently shipping models. Wi-Fi networking is also built-in on the 40, 60 and 80 GB models while a flash card reader (compatible with Memory Stick, SD/MMC, and CompactFlash/Microdrive media) is built-in on 60 GB and CECHExx 80 GB models. The system supports up to 7 controllers that are connected via Bluetooth 2.0 technology.

The PS3's hardware has also been used to build supercomputers for high-performance computing. Terra Soft Solutions has a version of Yellow Dog Linux for the PlayStation 3, and sells PS3s with Linux pre-installed, in single units, and 6 and 32 node clusters. In addition, RapidMind is pushing their stream programming package for the PS3. Also, on January 3, 2007, Dr. Frank Mueller, Associate Professor of Computer science at NCSUmarker, clustered 8 PS3s. Mueller commented that the 256 MB of system RAM is a limitation for this particular application, and is considering attempting to retrofit more RAM. Software includes: Fedora Core 5 Linux ppc64, MPICH2, OpenMP v 2.5, GNU Compiler Collection and CellSDK 1.1.

On March 22, 2007, SCE and Stanford Universitymarker released the Folding@home project for the PlayStation 3. This program allows PS3 owners to lend the computing power of their consoles to help study the physical process of protein folding.

In December 2008, a group of hackers used a cluster of 200 PlayStation 3's to hack the security protocol SSL.

Original model

The original PlayStation 3.
There are five original PlayStation 3 hardware models, which are commonly referred to by the size of their included hard disk drive: "20", "40", "60", "80" and "160" GB. The only difference in the appearance of the first five models was the color of the trim and number of USB ports. All retail packages include one or two Sixaxis controllers and/or a DualShock 3 controller (beginning June 12, 2008), one miniUSB to USB cable (for connecting the controller to the system), one composite video/stereo audio output cable, one Ethernet cable (20, 60, and CECHExx 80 GB only) and one power cable. All models support software emulation of the original PlayStation, but support for PlayStation 2 backwards compatibility has continually diminished with later models. Compatibility issues with games for both systems are detailed in a public database hosted by the manufacturer. All models, excluding the 20GB model, include 802.11 b/g Wi-Fi.

In addition to all of the features of the 20 GB model, the 60 GB model has internal IEEE 802.11 b/g Wi-Fi, multiple flash card readers (SD/MultiMedia Card, CompactFlash Type I/Type II, Microdrive, Memory Stick/PRO/Duo), and a chrome colored trim. In terms of hardware, the 80 GB model released in South Koreamarker is identical to the 60 GB model released in the PAL regions, except for the difference in hard drive size.

Like the South Korean and European models, the North American 80 GB (2007) model also excludes the PlayStation 2 "Emotion Engine" CPU chip. However, it still keeps the "Graphics Synthesizer" GPU. Due to the elimination of the "Emotion Engine", the level of compatibility was reduced. The 40 GB, 80 GB (2008), and 160 GB models have two USB ports instead of the four USB ports on other models, and do not include multiple flash card readers, SACD support, or any backwards compatibility with PlayStation 2 games. This was due to the removal of "Graphics Synthesizer" GPU, which stripped the units of all PlayStation 2 based hardware.

No official Wi-Fi or flash memory card readers were ever released by Sony for the 20 GB system, although Sony had plans to do so. As of September 2009 Sony have placed no further emphasis on these proposed add-ons. Nevertheless, as the model features four USB 2.0 ports, wireless networking and flash memory card support can already be obtained through the use of widely available external USB adapters and third-party PS3-specific media hubs.

It was rumored that the Cell processors in the third-generation PS3s (40 GB, 2008 80 GB, and 160 GB) would move from a 90 nm process to the newer 65 nm process, which SCEI CEO Kaz Hirai later confirmed, and later to 45 nm. This change lowers the power consumption of the console and makes it less expensive to produce.

The redesigned slim PlayStation 3.

Slim model

Following speculation that a 'slim' model was in the pipeline Sony officially announced the PS3 CECH-2000 on August 18, 2009 at the Sony Gamescom press conference. The PS3 slim (officially called the PS3 CECH-2000) features an upgradeable 120GB hard drive and is 33% smaller, 36% lighter, and consumes 34% less power than previous models. The cooling system has been redesigned and Cell processor has moved to a 45nm manufacturing process. It sold in excess of a million units in its first 3 weeks on sale.

The PS3 slim also includes support for CEC (more commonly referred to by its manufacturer brandings of BraviaSync, VIERA Link, EasyLink and others) which allows control of the console over HDMI. The PS3 slim also runs quieter and cooler than previous models due to its 45 nm Cell. The PS3 Slim no longer has the ability to install third party operating systems such as Linux, and also no longer has the "main power" switch, like the previous PS3 models, which was located at the back of the console. The PS3 slim was officially released on September 1, 2009 in North America and Europe and on September 3, 2009 in Japan, Australia and New Zealand. However, some retailers such as, Best Buy, and GameStop started to sell the PS3 slim on August 25, 2009. A 250GB Final Fantasy XIII-themed PS3 Slim which was white in color with pink designs, was officially announced on September 24, 2009 at the Tokyo Game Show as part of a bundle in Japan for Final Fantasy XIII, it was initially revealed in FCC filings as the PS3 CECH-2000B. Sony Computer Entertainment Australia also announced later that day that it would be bringing the 250GB PS3 slim to Australia which would be bundled with other games and will not feature the Final Fantasy XIII theme. Although no American bundles has been announced for the 250GB PS3 slim, it will be sold as a stand-alone console.

Model comparison

All Piano Black and Ceramic White models have a glossy finish

All models include: Blu-ray/DVD/CD drive, HDMI 1.3a, Bluetooth 2.0, Gigabit Ethernet (10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, 1000BASE-T) and PlayStation One backward compatibility through software emulation.

a Model numbers differ by region. See PlayStation 3 hardware – model numbers for details.
b Ceramic white model available in Asia and Japan only.
c Satin silver model available in Asia and Japan only.
d Gun-Metal Gray model is only available as part of the MGS4 bundle.
e White and Pink model is only available as part of the FF13 bundle in Japan and come with a pink design of Final Fantasy XIII character, "Lightning", on its cover in Japan


Numerous accessories for the consolehave been developed including the wireless Sixaxisand DualShock 3controllers, the BD Remote, the PlayStation Eyecamera and the PlayTVDVB-Ttuner/digital video recorderaccessory.

At its press conferenceat the 2007 Tokyo Game Show, Sony announced the DualShock 3(trademarked DUALSHOCK 3), a PlayStation 3 controller with the same function and design as the Sixaxis, but with vibration capability included. Hands-on accounts describe the controller as being noticeably heavier than the standard Sixaxis controller, and capable of vibration forces comparable to the DualShock 2. It was released in Japan on November 11, 2007, in North America on April 15, 2008, in Australia on April 24, 2008, in New Zealand on May 9, 2008, in Europe on July 2, 2008, and in the United Kingdommarker and Ireland on July 4, 2008.During E3 2009, Sony unveiled plans to release a motion controllerin 2010.

Technical issues

The PlayStation 3 illuminating the yellow light, indicating a non-specific failure.

On September 17, 2009, the BBCtelevision programme Watchdogaired a report investigating the purported "yellow light of death" issue, which affects about 0.5% of PlayStation 3s. The yellow light indicates a non-specific hardware failure.

The program also noted that the PlayStation 3 has a one-year warranty (typical of most consumer electronics products). Out-of-warranty PlayStation 3 owners can pay Sony a set fee for a refurbished console.

In response to the tone of the program, senior vice president and managing director, Ray Maguire issued a document criticizing the program and citing potential attempt to harm Sony and PlayStation brand, and stating that the numbers of faulty PlayStation 3s the program mentioned are not evidence of a manufacturing defect.

According to Ars Technica, the number of PlayStation 3s that have experienced the issue is well within the normal failure rates in the consumer electronics industry.

Operating system

System Software

Sony has included the ability for the operating system, referred to as System Software, to be updated. The updates can be acquired in several ways:
  • If the PlayStation 3 has an active Internet connection, updates may be downloaded directly from the PlayStation Network to the PS3 and subsequently installed. Systems with active Internet will automatically check online for software updates each time the console is started.
  • Using an external PC, a user may download the update from the official PlayStation website, transfer it to portable storage media, and install it on the System.
  • Some game discs come with system software updates on the disc. This may be due to the game requiring the update in order to run. If so, the software may be installed from the disc.

The PlayStation 3 also includes the ability to install other operating systems, such as Linux. This ability has been removed with the introduction of the new slim model and will not be available in any future hardware revisions.

Graphical user interface

The standard PlayStation 3 version of the XrossMediaBar (pronounced Cross Media Bar, or abbreviated XMB) includes nine categories of options. These are: Users, Settings, Photo, Music, Video, Game, Network, PlayStation Network, and Friends(similar to the PlayStation Portablemedia bar). A tenth TVcategory is displayed between Musicand Videoif PlayTVis installed or if the console meets certain criteria to access select catch-up televisionservices. By default, the What's Newsection of PlayStation Networkis displayed when the system starts up. The PS3 includes the ability to store various master and secondary user profiles, manage and explore photos with or without a musical slide show, play musicand copy audio CDtracks to an attached data storage device, play movies and video files from the hard disk drive, an optional USB mass storageor Flash card, or an optical disc (Blu-ray Disc or DVD-Video), compatibility for a USB keyboard and mouse, and the web browsersupporting in/compatible file download function. Additionally, UPnPmedia will appear in the respective audio/video/photo categories if a compatible media serveror DLNAserver is detected on the local network. The Friends menu allows mail with emoticon and attached picture features and video chatwhich requires an optional PlayStation Eyeor EyeToywebcam. The Network menu allows online shoppingthrough the PlayStation Storeand connectivity to the PlayStation Portable via Remote Play.

Photo Gallery

Photo Gallery main menu
Photo Gallery is an optional application to view, create and group photos from the PS3, which is installed separately from the system software at 105MB. It was introduced in system software version 2.60 and provides a range of tools for sorting through and displaying the system's pictures. The key feature of this application is that it can organize photos into groups according to various criteria. Notable categorizations are colors, ages, or facial expressionsof the people in the photos. Slideshows can be viewed with the application, along with music and playlists.


VidZone music video service

VidZone is an online music videodownload service, accessible from the Music category on the XMB, which allows for free streaming of music videos from the website. The VidZone catalogue encompasses over 1.5 million tracks, 25,000 music videos and 15,000 realtones, including full access to catalogues from Sony BMGand EMI.

On June 11, 2009, VidZone’s service was extended to the PlayStation 3 video game system in Europe and Australia, allowing users to watch music videos for on their PS3 or streamed to their PSPvia Remote Play.

PlayStation Network

PlayStation Network is the unified online multiplayer gamingand digital media delivery service provided by Sony Computer Entertainmentfor the PlayStation 3 and PlayStation Portable, announced during the 2006 PlayStation Business Briefing meeting in Tokyo. The service is always connected, free, and includes multiplayer support. The network enables online gaming, the PlayStation Store, PlayStation Home and other services. PlayStation Network uses real currency and PlayStation Network Cardsas seen with the PlayStation Store and PlayStation Home.

What's New

The What's New screen.

What's New was announced at Gamescom 2009 and was released on September 1, 2009, with PlayStation 3 system software 3.0. The feature was to replace the existing [Information Board], which displayed news from the PlayStation website associated with the user's region. The concept was developed further into a major PlayStation Network feature, which interacts with the [Status Indicator] to display a ticker of all content, excluding recently played content (currently in North America and Japan only).

The system displays the What's New screen by default instead of the [Games] menu (or [Video] menu, if a movie was inserted) when starting up. What's New has four sections: "Our Pick", "Recently Played", latest information, and new content available in PlayStation Store. There are four kinds of content the What's New screen displays and links to, on the sections. "Recently Played" displays the user's recently played games and online services only, whereas, the other sections can contain website links, links to play videos, and access to selected sections of the PlayStation Store.

The PlayStation Store icons in the [Game] and [Video] section act similarly to the What's New screen, except that they only display and link to games and videos in the PlayStation Store, respectively.

PlayStation Home

PlayStation Home is a virtual community-based service for the PlayStation Network, announced during the 2007 Game Developers Conference. Home allows users to create a custom avatar, which can be made to suit the user's liking. Users can decorate their avatar's personal apartment ("HomeSpace") with default, bought, or won items. Users can shop for new items to express themselves more through their avatars or HomeSpace. Users interact and connect with friends and customise content in a virtual world. Home also acts as a meeting place for users that want to play multiplayer gameswith others.

A closed beta began in Europe from May 2007 and expanded to other territories soon after. Home was delayed and expanded several times before initially releasing. The Open Beta testwas started on December 11, 2008. Home is available directly from the PlayStation 3 XrossMediaBar. Membership is free, and only requires a PSN account.

Home is the host to avatars, a virtual economy, personal spaces and clubs. It features places to meet and interact, dedicated game spaces, developer spaces, company spaces, and events. The service undergoes a weekly maintenance and frequent updates. Xi, a once notable feature in Home, is the world's first console-based Alternate Reality Game. Adventures, puzzles and spaces were set up to continuously puzzle those who participated in finding clues. The meaning of Xiand the mysterious character "Jess" were the objects of study in this game. At TGS 2009, Kazuo Hirai announced that Home has been downloaded by 8 million users.

PlayStation Portable connectivity

The PlayStation Portablecan connect with the PlayStation 3 in many ways, including in-game connectivity. For example, Formula One Championship Edition, a racing game, was shown at E3 2006 using a PSP as a real-time rear-view mirror. In addition, it is possible to download original PlayStation format games to the PlayStation 3 from the PlayStation Store. These games were not originally playable on the PS3. They could only be sent to a PSP, and played using the PSP's PlayStation Emulator. Sony added support for playing original PlayStation format titles on PS3 on April 18, 2007, with the update to firmware revision 1.70.

Sony has also demonstrated the PSP playing back video content from the PlayStation 3 hard diskacross an ad-hocwireless network. This feature is referred to as Remote Playlocated under the browser icon on both the PlayStation 3 and the PlayStation Portable. Remote play has since expanded to allow remote accessto the PS3 via PSP from any wireless access pointin the world.

Life with PlayStation

On 18 September 2008 the PlayStation 3's Folding@home applicationbecame Life with PlayStation. Life with PlayStationshows Earth's light at night in locations where it is night time and shows cloud patterns to reflect recent weather patterns (if zoomed out far enough). Along with the existing Folding@home functionality, the application also provides the user with access to three other information "channels", the first of which being the Live Channelwhich offers news headlines and weather through a 3Dglobe. The user can rotate and zoom in to any part of the world to access information provided by Google News, The Weather Channel, and the University of Wisconsin–Madisonmarker Space Science and Engineering Center, among other sources.The second channel is the World Heritagechannel which offers historical information about historical sites. The third channel is the United Village channel. United Village is a project designed to share information about communities and cultures worldwide.


The PlayStation 3 launched in North America with 14 titles, with another three being released before the end of 2006. After the first week of sales it was confirmed that Resistance: Fall of Manfrom Insomniac Gameswas the top-selling launch gamein North America. The game was heavily praised by numerous video gamewebsites, including GameSpotand IGN, both of whom awarded it their PlayStation 3 Game of the Yearaward for 2006. Some titles missed the launch windowand were delayed until early 2007, such as The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion, F.E.A.R.and Sonic the Hedgehog. During the Japanese launch, Ridge Racer 7was the top-selling game, while Mobile Suit Gundam: Crossfirealso fared well in sales, both of which were offerings from Namco Bandai. The PlayStation 3 launched in Europe with 24 titles, including ones that were not offered in the North American and Japanese launches, such as Formula One Championship Edition, MotorStormand Virtua Fighter 5. Resistance: Fall of Manand MotorStormwere the most successful titles of 2007, and both games subsequently received sequels in the form of Resistance 2and MotorStorm: Pacific Rift.

At E3 2007, Sony was able to show a number of their upcoming video games for the PlayStation 3, including Heavenly Sword, Lair, Ratchet & Clank Future: Tools of Destruction, Warhawkand Uncharted: Drake's Fortune; all of which were released in the third and fourth quarters of 2007. They also showed off a number of titles that were set for release in 2008and 2009; most notably Killzone 2, Infamous, Gran Turismo 5 Prologue, LittleBigPlanetand SOCOM: U.S.Navy SEALs Confrontation. A number of third-party exclusives were also shown, including the highly-anticipated Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, alongside other high-profile third-party titles such as Grand Theft Auto 4, Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare, Assassin's Creed, Devil May Cry 4and Resident Evil 5. Two other important titles for the PlayStation 3, Final Fantasy XIIIand Final Fantasy Versus XIII, were shown at TGS 2007in order to appease the Japanese market.

Sony have since launched their budget rangeof PlayStation 3 titles, known as the Greatest Hits rangein North America, the Platinum rangein Europe and The Best rangein Japan. Among the titles available in the budget range include Resistance: Fall of Man, MotorStorm, Uncharted: Drakes Fortune, Rainbow Six: Vegas, Call Of Duty 3, Assassin's Creedand Ninja Gaiden Sigma. As of October 2009 Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, Ratchet & Clank Future: Tools of Destruction, Devil May Cry 4, Army of Two, Battlefield: Bad Company, and Midnight Club: Los Angeleshave also joined the list. When they are put on the "Greatest Hits" list the new unused copies retail for $30 USD and are re-shipped in a new red case.

As of March 31, 2009, there have been 174.9 million games sold for the PlayStation 3.

Stereoscopic 3D

In December 2008 the CTOof Blitz Gamesannounced that they would bring stereoscopic3D gaming and movie viewing to the Xbox 360and PlayStation 3 with their own technology. According to Blitz Games, SCE confirmed that they intend to support stereoscopic 3D games and Blu-ray movies and that the functionality will be introduced to the PlayStation 3 via a firmware update in 2009. This technology was first demonstrated publicly on the PS3 in January 2009 at the Consumer Electronics Show. Journalists were shown Wipeout HDand Gran Turismo 5 Prologuein 3D as a demonstration of how the technology might work if it is implemented in the future.

Sales and production costs

The PlayStation 3's initial production cost is estimated to have been US$805.85 for the 20 GB model and US$840.35 for the 60 GB model. However, they were priced at US$499 and US$599 respectively, meaning that every unit was sold at an estimated loss of $250, contributing to Sony's games division posting an operating loss of ¥232.3 billion (US$1.97 billion) in the fiscal yearending March 2007. In April 2007, soon after these results were published, Ken Kutaragi, President of Sony Computer Entertainment, announced plans to retire. Various news agencies, including The Timesand The Wall Street Journalreported that this was due to poor sales, whilst SCEImaintains that Kutaragi had been planning his retirement for six months prior to the announcement.

In January 2008, Kaz Hirai, CEOof Sony Computer Entertainment, suggested that the console may start making a profit by early 2009, stating that, "the next fiscal year starts in April and if we can try to achieve that in the next fiscal year that would be a great thing" and that "[profitability] is not a definite commitment, but that is what I would like to try to shoot for". However, market analysts Nikko Citigrouphave predicted that the PlayStation 3 could be profitable by August 2008. In a July 2008 interview, Hirai stated that his objective is for the PlayStation 3 to sell 150 million units by its ninth year, surpassing the PlayStation 2's sales of 140 million in its nine years on the market. In January 2009 Sony announced that their gaming division was profitable in Q3 2008.

Since the system's launch, production costs have been reduced significantly as a result of phasing out the Emotion Enginechip and falling hardware costs. The cost of manufacturing Cell microprocessorshas fallen dramatically as a result of moving to the 65 nmproduction process, and Blu-raydiodeshave become cheaper to manufacture. As of January 2008, each unit cost around $400 to manufacture; by August 2009, Sony had reduced costs by a total of 70%, yielding about $250 per unit.


External links

Official websites

Auxiliary sites by Sony


Available colors
First available
In production
Other features/information

4 USB ports,

Hardware-based PS2 emulation,

SACD playback,

Third-party OS install
20 GB


Piano Black with black trim
2006-11-01November 2006
60 GB


Piano Black with chrome trim

802.11b/g Wi-Fi,

Flash memory readers,

4 USB ports,

Partially software-based PS2 emulation,

SACD playback,

Third-party OS install
60 GB


2007-03-01March 2007
80 GB


2007-08-01August 2007
  • Some models came bundled with MGS4 or MotorStorm
  • DualShock 3 controller (MGS4 bundles only)

802.11b/g Wi-Fi,

2 USB ports,

No PS2 emulation,

No SACD support,

Third-party OS install
40 GB


  • Piano Black
  • Ceramic White
  • Satin Silver
  • Gun-Metal Gray
(all have satin silver trim)
2007-10-01October 2007 EU AU

November 2007 NA JP
  • Gun-Metal Gray model bundled with MGS4.
80 GB


  • Piano Black
  • Ceramic White
  • Satin Silver
(all have satin silver trim)
2008-08-01August 2008 NA EU AU

October 2008 JP
  • Some models were bundled with Greatest Hits versions of MGS4 and Killzone 2
160 GB


Piano Black with satin silver trim
2008-10-01October 2008 EU

November 2008 NA

802.11b/g Wi-Fi,

2 USB ports,

No PS2 emulation,

No SACD support,

Bravia Sync XMB control,

Slim form factor
120 GB slim


Charcoal Black
2008-08-011 September 2009 NA EU3 September 2009 AU NZ JP

250 GB slim


  • Charcoal Black
  • White and Pink
October 2009EU

2009-10-1515 October 2009 AU NZ

2009-11-033 November 2009 NA

2009-12-1717 December 2009 JP
Bundled with:

Region Units sold First available
520,000 as of August 1, 2008
November 17, 2006
10 million+ as of August 18, 2009
March 23, 2007
3.4 million as of September 6, 2009
November 11, 2006
United Kingdom
2.5 million as of September 17, 2009
March 23, 2007
United States
9 million+ as of August 18, 2009
November 17, 2006
27 million as of September 31, 2009
November 11, 2006

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