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Poltava Oblast ( , translit. Poltavs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Poltavshchyna - ) is an oblast (province) of central Ukrainemarker. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Poltavamarker.

Other important cities within the oblast include: Komsomolskmarker, Kremenchukmarker, Lubnymarker and Myrhorodmarker.

Geography

Poltava Oblast is situated in the central part of Ukraine. It has an area of 28,800 km². The oblast’ borders upon Chernihiv, Sumy, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovs’k, Kirovohrad, Cherkasy and Kyiv regions.

Points of Interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics

As of 2005-05-01 its population is 1,584,446, and its population density is 59 people on 1 km².

Economy

Industry

The oblast’ is a center of Ukraine's oil and natural gas industry, with many well and pipeline situated here. There is a major oil refinery plant in the city of Krementchukmarker. Important iron ore processing facilities also present. In general there are 374 large industrial organization and 618 small industrial organizations.

Agriculture

In 1999 the gross grain yield was about 1452,9 thousand tons, sugar beets – 1002,900 tons, sunflower seeds – 166,200 tons, potatoes – 279,900 tons. The oblast also produced 120,500 tons of meat, 645,900 tons of milk and 423,200,00 eggs. At the beginning of 1999 there were 1,311 registered farms in the region.

Administrative divisions

The oblast is divided into 25 districts, 15 cities including 5 settlements of city estate, 21 urban villages, and 1862 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of the Poltava Oblast’:

  • Administrative Center - 1 (Poltavamarker)
  • Raions — 25;
  • City raions — 5;
  • Settlements — 1526, including:
    • Villages — 1,831;
    • Cities/Towns — 35, including:
      • Urban-type settlement — 21;
      • Cities — 15, including:
        • Cities of oblast' subordinance — 7;
        • Cities of raion subordinance — 8;
  • Selsovets — 384.


The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Poltava Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast’ is the Poltava Oblast’ Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" ( , translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Poltava is the center of the Poltavs’ka oblast’ (Poltava Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Poltava Oblast, Poltavshchyna.

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