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Pomeranian Voivodeship, known in Polish as województwo pomorskie or simply Pomorskie, is a voivodeship, or province, in north-central Polandmarker. It comprises most of Pomerelia (the most easterly part of historical Pomerania), as well as an area east of the Vistula river. The western part of the province, around Słupskmarker, belonged historically to Farther Pomerania, while Pomerelia and the eastern bank of the Vistula belonged to the historical region of Prussia. The central parts of the province are also known as Kashubia, named after the Kashubian minority. The provincial capital is Gdańskmarker.

The voivodeship was established on January 1, 1999, out of the former voivodeships of Gdańsk, Elbląg and Słupsk, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. It is bordered by West Pomeranian Voivodeshipmarker to the west, Greater Polandmarker and Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeshipsmarker to the south, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeshipmarker to the east, and the Baltic Seamarker to the north. It also shares a short land border with Russiamarker, on the Vistula Spitmarker.

Gdańskmarker, the regional capital, forms part of the Tricitymarker of Sopotmarker, Gdańskmarker and Gdyniamarker. The voivodeship also includes the narrow Hel Peninsulamarker and the Polish half of the Vistula Spit. Other tourist destinations include Sopotmarker, Juratamarker, Łebamarker, Władysławowomarker, Puckmarker, Krynica Morskamarker, Ustkamarker, Jastarniamarker, Rozewiemarker, Kuźnicamarker, and many fishing ports and lighthouses.

Cities and towns

The voivodeship contains 42 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006 ):

Administrative division

Pomeranian Voivodeship is divided into 20 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 16 land counties. These are further divided into 123 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and

Polish names
Area

(km²)
Population

(2006)
Seat Other towns Total

gminas
City counties
Gdańskmarker 262 457,630 1
Gdyniamarker 136 252,443 1
Słupskmarker 43.15 98,402 1
Sopotmarker 17.31 39,836 1
Land counties
Wejherowo Countymarker

powiat wejherowski
1,280 181,834 Wejherowomarker Rumiamarker, Redamarker 10
Starogard Countymarker

powiat starogardzki
1,345 121,963 Starogard Gdańskimarker Skarszewymarker, Skórczmarker, Czarna Wodamarker 13
Tczew Countymarker

powiat tczewski
698 112,614 Tczewmarker Pelplinmarker, Gniewmarker 6
Kartuzy Countymarker

powiat kartuski
1,120 109,311 Kartuzymarker Żukowomarker 8
Słupsk Countymarker

powiat słupski
2,304 92,172 Słupskmarker * Ustkamarker, Kępicemarker 10
Chojnice Countymarker

powiat chojnicki
1,364 91,585 Chojnicemarker Czerskmarker, Brusymarker 5
Gdańsk Countymarker

powiat gdański
793 85,566 Pruszcz Gdańskimarker 8
Kwidzyn Countymarker

powiat kwidzyński
835 80,704 Kwidzynmarker Prabutymarker 6
Bytów Countymarker

powiat bytowski
2,193 75,313 Bytówmarker Miastkomarker 10
Puck Countymarker

powiat pucki
578 74,196 Puckmarker Władysławowomarker, Jastarniamarker, Helmarker 7
Kościerzyna Countymarker

powiat kościerski
1,166 66,778 Kościerzynamarker 8
Lębork Countymarker

powiat lęborski
707 63,659 Lęborkmarker Łebamarker 5
Malbork Countymarker

powiat malborski
495 62,960 Malborkmarker Nowy Stawmarker 6
Człuchów Countymarker

powiat człuchowski
1,574 56,797 Człuchówmarker Czarnemarker, Debrznomarker 7
Sztum Countymarker

powiat sztumski
731 41,808 Sztummarker Dzierzgońmarker 5
Nowy Dwór Gdański Countymarker

powiat nowodworski (pomorski)
653 35,498 Nowy Dwór Gdańskimarker Krynica Morskamarker 5
* seat not part of the county


Economy

Major corporations

Corporation name

Further information
Location Kind of activity
Energa Gdańsk Power Generator [13866] Gdańsk energy supplies
Ergo Hestia [13867] Sopot insurance
Gdańsk Repair Yard[13868] Gdańsk repair shipyard
Gdynia Stocznia [13869] Gdynia shipyard
GE Capital Bank[13870] Gdańsk banking
Grupa LOTOS [13871] Gdańsk petroleum products
Intelmarker Technology Poland [13872] Gdańsk hardware
International Paper Kwidzyn Kwidzyn paper products
Lubiana [13873] Łubiana near Kościerzyna china-ware manufacturer
Philips Consumer Electronics Kwidzyn electronics
Polpharma[13874] Starogard Gdański medicines
Prokom Software [13875] Gdynia software
Destylarnia Sobieski [13876] Starogard Gdański distillery
Elnord [13877] Gdańsk energy supplies
LPP [13878] Gdańsk designing and distributing clothes
Source:


Unemployment



Transport



Education



Higher education

Name Location Students

in thousands
total of which

women
Total - 97.9 55.3
Uniwersytet Gdański

(Gdańsk Universitymarker)
Tricity 29.3 19.4
Politechnika Gdańska

(Gdańsk University of Technologymarker)
Gdańsk 17.6 5.9
Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku

(Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk)
Słupsk 8.1 6.0
Akademia Medyczna w Gdańsku

(Medical University of Gdańsk)
Gdańsk 4.2 3.1
Akademia Wychowanie Fizycznego i Sportu w Gdańsku

(Sports Academy in Gdańsk)
Gdańsk 4.1 1.9
Akademia Sztuk Pięknych w Gdańsku

(Arts Academy in Gdańsk)
Gdańsk 0.9 0.7
Akademia Marynarki Wojennej im. Bohaterów Westerplatte

(Polish Naval Academy)
Gdynia . .
Akademia Morska w Gdyni

(Gdynia Maritime University)
Gdynia . .
Gdańskie Seminarium Duchowne

(Gdańsk Seminary)
Gdańsk . .
Akademia Muzyczna im. Stanisława Moniuszki w Gdańsku

(The Stanisław Moniuszko Academy of Music in Gdańsk)
Gdańsk . .
Data as of 31 November 2005, source http://www.stat.gov.pl


Protected areas

Protected areas in Pomeranian Voivodeship include two National Parks and nine Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Most popular surnames in the region

  1. Wiśniewski: 7,446
  2. Kamiński: 6,752
  3. Lewandowski: 6,687


Previous Pomeranian Voivodeships

Pomeranian Voivodeship (1294–1308)

Pomeranian Voivodeship was a province of the Kingdom of Poland. After the extinction of the local dukes in 1294, the province fell to Przemysł II of Poland.

Pomeranian Voivodeship (1466–1772)

This was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Kingdom of Poland from 1454/1466 until the partitions in 1772/1795. Together with the Chełmno Voivodeship and Malbork Voivodeship it formed the historical province of Royal Prussia. The capital was at Gdańskmarker. It was renamed to the Prussian province of West Prussia (1772–1919).

Voivodeship Governor (Wojewoda) seat:

Regional council (sejmik generalny)

Regional councils (sejmik poselski i deputacki)

Administrative divisions:



290 px


Pomeranian Voivodeship (1919–1939)

This was a unit of administration and local government in the Republic of Poland (II Rzeczpospolita) established in 1919 after World War I from the majority of the Prussian province of West Prussia which fell to Poland. Toruńmarker was the capital. In 1938–1939 the voivodeship extended to the south at the expense of Poznań Voivodeship and Warsaw Voivodeship, and was called Great Pomerania afterwards (see: Territorial changes of Polish Voivodeships on April 1, 1938).

During WWII it was occupied by Nazi Germany and annexed as Reichsgau Danzig-Westpreussen "(Reich province of Gdańsk-West Prussia)." In 1945 it was returned to Poland and superseded by Gdańsk and Bydgoszcz voivodeships. In the years 1975–1998 it was reorganized into the voivodeships of Gdańsk, Elbląg, Bydgoszcz, Toruń and Włocławek.

Pomeranian Voivodeship (1945–1950)

This was a unit of administration and local government in Poland established in 1945 from most of the pre-war Pomeranian Voivodeship, later renamed Bydgoszcz Voivodeship.

Capital city: Bydgoszczmarker

List of counties in 1946

English county name, Polish county name, capital city

References

  1. http://web.archive.org/web/20080505094648/http://www.stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/gus/PUBL_ludnosc_stan_struktura_teryt_1pol_2007.pdf
  2. http://www.woj-pomorskie.pl/downloads/ekonomia_en.pdf


External links




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