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Pomona is the fifth largest city in Los Angeles County, Californiamarker (after Los Angelesmarker, Long Beachmarker, Glendalemarker, and Santa Claritamarker). As of the 2000 census, the city population was 149,473. In 2005, its population was estimated as 160,815.

Pomona is the home of California State Polytechnic University, Pomonamarker (Cal Poly Pomona) and the Western University of Health Sciencesmarker. Pomona Collegemarker is in neighboring Claremontmarker.

The city is the site of the Fairplexmarker, which hosts the L.A. County Fair and the NHRA POMONA RACEWAY Powerade Winternationals Drag Racing competition.and the Automobile Club of Southern California NHRA Finals.

Since the 1980s, Pomona's newest neighborhood Phillips Ranchmarker, experienced rapid growth with homes still being built in the hilly area between Downtown and Diamond Barmarker. Today, Phillips Ranch is nearly all residential. Northern Pomona has seen some gentrification with additional housing units added and revamped streetscapes.

Pomona is located in between of Inland Empire and the San Gabriel Valley.

Geography

View down San Jose Creek from Pomona Park.
Los Angeles County, California.
1904.
Pomona is a suburb of Los Angelesmarker in the Pomona Valley, located at (34.060760, -117.755886). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 59.2 km² (22.8 mi²), all land.

Pomona is approximately east of Los Angelesmarker, north of Santa Anamarker, west of Riversidemarker, and west of San Bernardinomarker.

Pomona is bordered by the cities of San Dimasmarker on the northwest, La Vernemarker and Claremontmarker on the north, Montclairmarker and Chinomarker on the east, Chino Hillsmarker and Diamond Barmarker on the south, and Walnutmarker, South San Jose Hillsmarker, and Industrymarker on the southwest. The Los Angeles/San Bernardino county line forms most of the city's southern and eastern boundaries.

Neighborhood

History

The city is named for Pomona, the ancient Roman goddess of fruit. Supplied by horticulturist Solomon Gates, "Pomona" was the winning entry in a contest to name the city. The city was first settled by Spaniards in the 1830s and the first Anglo-Americans arrived in 1868. By the 1880s, the arrival of railroads and Coachella Valley water had made it the western anchor of the citrus-growing region. Pomona was officially incorporated in 1887. In 2005, Pomona citizens elected Norma Torres, the first woman of Guatemalan heritage to be elected to a mayoral post outside of Guatemala.
City Hall Pomona, California, 1969, Welton Becket and B.H.
Anderson
Pomona Fox Theater

Historic Sites in Pomona

Economy

According to the City's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees % of Total City Employment
1 Pomona Unified School District 3,406 5.1%
2 Pomona Valley Hospital 3,080 4.6%
3 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona 2,640 3.9%
4 Lanterman Developmental Center 1,780 2.6%
5 City of Pomona 927 1.4%
6 Casa Colina Rehabilitation Center 600 0.9%
7 Verizon 596 0.9%
8 Lloyd's Material Supply (CAI) 536 0.8%
9 County of Los Angeles Department of Social Services 378 0.6%
10 Hayward Industries Inc 377 0.6%
11 First Transit 311 0.5%
12 Inland Valley Care & Rehab 301 0.4%
13 Royal Cabinets 300 0.4%
14 Pioneer Electronics 280 0.4%
15 Walmart Stores Inc 240 0.4%
16 Vertis Inc 235 0.3%
17 Hamilton Sundstrand 210 0.3%
18 Anheuser Busch 197 0.3%
19 Sheraton Suites Fairplex 190 0.3%
20 Home Depot 184 0.3%


Demographics

Pomona

Population by year [15912]



2005 160,815

2000 149,473

1990 131,723

1980 92,742

1970 87,384

1960 67,157

1950 35,405

1940 23,539

1930 20,804

1920 13,505

1910 10,207

1900 5,526

1890 3,634

As of the census of 2000, there were 149,473 people, 37,855 households, and 29,791 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,526.8/km² (6,544.3/mi²). There were 39,598 housing units at an average density of 669.4/km² (1,733.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 41.76% White, 9.63% African American, 1.26% Native American, 7.20% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 34.93% from other races, and 5.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 64.47% of the population.

There were 37,855 households out of which 49.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.3% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.82 and the average family size was 4.22.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.

The total employment for Pomona as of 2005 is 57,870. The top employers include Pomona Unified School District, California State Polytechnic University, Hamilton Sundstrand, Pomona Valley Medical Center, Casa Colina Center for Rehabilitation, and Lanterman Developmental Center, and a large residential facility for persons for severe/profound developmental disabilities.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,021, and the median income for a family was $40,852. Males had a median income of $30,195 versus $26,135 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,336. About 17.1% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local Government

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $220.3 million in Revenues, $225.5 million in expenditures, $818.3 million in total assets, $520.0 million in total liabilities, and $80.6 million in cash and investments.

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:

City Department Director
City Manager Linda Lowry
Finance Paula Chamberlain
Fire Chief Glynn Johnson
Human Resources William Johnson
Information Technology John Depolis
Library Greg Shapton
Community Services Steve Rudometkin
Planning & Housing Mark Lazzaretto
Police Chief VACANT
Public Works Tim D’Zmura
Utility Services Henry Pepper


Politics

In the state legislature Pomona is located in the 32nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Gloria Negrete McLeod, and in the 61st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Norma Torres. Federally, Pomona is located in California's 38th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +20 and is represented by Democrat Grace Napolitano.

Education

of Pomona and some of the surrounding area are served by the Pomona Unified School District, while portions of the northern section of the city are zoned to the Claremont Unified School District.Pomona has been criticized for its construction of Diamond Ranch High Schoolmarker in the city's more affluent area of Phillips Ranchmarker while ignoring its other under-performing/moderate high schools such as (from most under-performing to moderate) Pomona, Ganesha, and Garey High Schools. Pomona contains a mix of both public and private schools.

There are two private schools that are located on Holt Blvd, being St. Joseph Elementary School and Pomona Catholic High Schoolmarker. The School of Arts and Enterprise is a charter high school located on Monterey Ave. and Garey Ave.

Colleges and universities

California State Polytechnic University, Pomonamarker (Cal Poly Pomona) is located southwest of the junction of the 10 and 57 freeways. The university was established on the site of breakfast cereal magnate W.K. Kellogg's ranch located on the city's western corner. The majority of the campus is not incorporated within the city. The university has over 21,000 students and covers an area of over , which makes it the second largest land-holding university in the California State University system. The university is known for its engineering and architectural programs which are very selective and nationally ranked.

Western University of Health Sciencesmarker, (formerly known as College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific) is located south of Highway 10 off Towne Avenue. It is one of the largest health sciences universities in California, offering degrees in Osteopathic Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Physical Therapy, Physician Assistant, Pharmacy, Nurse Practitioning, and as of 2010, Dentistry, Optometry, and Podiatry.

Pomona Collegemarker was founded in Pomona in 1887, but moved to neighboring Claremont, Californiamarker in 1889.

Local sites of interest



Media

The major daily newspaper in the area is The Los Angeles Times. La Opinión is the city's major Spanish-language paper. There are also a wide variety of smaller regional newspapers, alternative weeklies and magazines, including:

Notable residents



See also



References

  1. http://www.dof.ca.gov/HTML/DEMOGRAP/E-1table.xls
  2. City of Pomona CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-14
  3. http://www.cusd.claremont.edu/stu/images/boundary_main.gif


External links




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