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Facade of the main entrance of the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum).
The Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, commonly known as the Angelicum, is the Dominican university of Rome and one of the major pontifical universities of the City. Staffed and administered by members of the Order of Preachers, it serves as a focus for the Dominican theological and philosophical tradition among the Roman pontifical universities.

History

The Pontifical University of Saint Thomas in Rome is heir of the medieval Studium founded by the Dominican Order, indeed by St. Thomas Aquinas himself, as well as of the College of St. Thomas (Lat: Collegium Divi Thomæ de Urbe), which Monsignor Juan Solano O.P. (1506-1580), Bishop emeritus of Cuzcomarker (Perumarker), established in 1577 at the Convent of Santa Maria sopra Minervamarker in Rome. The new college was established on the foundation of the teachings of St. Thomas Aquinas to meet the demand of the mission of the Church in the New World; where personalities like Bartolomé de las Casas O.P., Pedro de Cordova O.P. and Francisco de Vitoria O.P. were already engaged.

This Italo-Spanish college became an international centre of Thomistic specialization, open to members of various provinces of the Dominican Order and to ecclesiastical students, local and foreign. The rectors of the institution had to belong either to the Dominican Province of Rome or of Spain.

In 1698, Cardinal Girolamo Casanate (1620-1700), the Librarian of the Holy Roman Church, established at the Convent of Santa Maria sopra Minerva the Casanatense Library (Biblioteca Casanatense), which was independent of the Convent and the College. At his death the library was inherited by the Convent and, opened to the general public. According to the Cardinal's last will and testament the College acquired the use of the library.

On May 26, 1727, Pope Benedict XIII gave to the Order’s major Houses of Study, and therefore also to the College of St. Thomas, the right of conferring academic degrees in theology to students outside the Order.

In 1873, the College of St. Thomas had to leave its residence at the Minerva and was centered at various locations in Rome.

In 1882 the Faculty of Philosophy was founded.

In 1896 the Faculty of Canon Law was founded.

It was thanks to the efforts of Blessed Giacinto M. Cormier O.P., Master General of the Order of Preachers, that, on May 2, 1906, the College of Saint Thomas received the title Pontificium, from Pope Saint Pius X (Lat: Pontificium Collegium Divi Thomæ de Urbe). This made the degrees conferred by the College equivalent to those of the world’s other Catholic Universities.

By the Apostolic Letter of November 8, 1908, signed by the Supreme Pontiff on November 17, the new Pontifical International College Angelicum (Lat: Pontificium Collegium Internationale Angelicum) was erected on the site of the College of Saint Thomas, with headquarters in Via San Vitale 15.

In 1926 the Pontifical International College Angelicum became an Institute (Lat: Pontificium Institutum Internationale Angelicum).

In 1932 Angelicum was transferred to the appropriately expanded buildings of the ancient Dominican monastery of Saints Dominic and Sixtus.

In 1942 the Pontifical International Institute Angelicum became an Athenaeum (Lat: Pontificium Athenaeum Internationale Angelicum).

In 1950, the Institute of Spirituality was founded and incorporated into the Faculty of Theology.

In 1951 the Institute of Social Sciences was founded within the Faculty of Philosophy.

On March 7, 1963, Blessed Pope John XXIII, with the Motu proprio Dominicanus Ordo, raised the Angelicum to the rank of Pontifical University (Lat: Pontificia Universitas Studiorum a Sancto Thoma Aquinate in Urbe).

In 1974 the Institute of Social Sciences was elevated to the rank of a Faculty.

The University today

Today, the University is noted especially for its faculties of Canon Law, Sacred Theology, and Philosophy.

The Angelicum's Faculty of Sacred Theology has served as the official "Sedes Thomæ" in Rome, providing theology students in the Eternal City the opportunity to immerse themselves in the Thomistic and Dominican tradition. To that end, the university has always boasted a distinguished faculty, including the likes of Fr. Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P., one of the twentieth century's leading theologians and a great exponent of Thomistic theology, Fr. Jordan Aumann, O.P., Christoph Cardinal Schönborn, O.P., Fr. Aidan Nichols, O.P., Fr. Wojciech Giertych, O.P, who serves as Theologian of the Papal Household under Benedict XVI, and Fr. Charles Morerod, O.P., who sits on the Editorial Board of the international theological journal, "Nova et Vetera."

Fr. Garrigou-Lagrange was known for his Saturday lectures in the Aula Magna of the University, in which he would treat in great depth the most complex and controversial theological topics of the day.

The faculties all teach in the Italian language, except for the first cycle in sacred theology (S.T.B.) and the Mater Ecclesiæ Institute in which it is possible to take in English.

Faculties



Institutes



Other programs of study



Notable alumni



Among the most illustrious students that the Angelicum has numbered within its ranks is Karol Wojtyła, who became Pope John Paul II. Other distinguished students of the Angelicum include:



Institutes connected with the University

Incorporated institutions

One institution is incorporated within the University:

Aggregated institutions

One institution is aggregated with the University:

Affiliated institutions

The following are affiliated with the University:

Sponsored institutions

The following are sponsored by the University:

Associated institutions

Associated institutions include:

See also



Footnotes

  1. Cf. Edward Kaczyński O.P., Pontifical University of St. Thomas "Angelicum" in: Grzegorz Gałązka, Pontifical Universities and Roman Athenaea, Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2000, p. 52. ISBN 88-209-2967-8 (casebound) or, ISBN 88-209-2966-X (paperbound)
  2. The Casanatense Library
  3. Acta Apostolicae Sedis 55 (1963), pp. 205-208.
  4. These lectures are recalled by Cardinal Schönborn in his book "The Face of God."
  5. See: Pontificia Università S. Tommaso d'Aquino Angelicum, Ordine degli studi - Order of Studies, Anno accademico - Academic Year 2008-2009, Cattedra Cardinale Pavan per l'etica sociale, pp. 224-225.
  6. See: Pontificia Università S. Tommaso d'Aquino Angelicum, Ordine degli studi - Order of Studies, Anno accademico - Academic Year 2008-2009, Tillard Chair, p. 131.
  7. Cf. Studio Passarelli, Curriculum, 6. 1910: Convento Padri Domenicani in via di S. Vitale
  8. He earned a Licentiate and later a Doctorate in Sacred Theology. This Doctorate, the first of two, was based on the dissertation Doctrina de fide apud S. Ioannem a Cruce (The Doctrine of Faith According to Saint John of the Cross). Even though his doctoral work was unanimously approved in June 1948, he was denied the degree because he could not afford to print the text of his dissertation (an Angelicum rule). In December of that year, a revised text of his dissertation was approved by the theological faculty of Jagiellonian University in Kraków, and Wojtyła was finally awarded the degree.
  9. Cf. Holy See Press Office, His Holiness John Paul II, Biography, Pre-Pontificate: 1946
  10. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Ambrozic Card. Aloysius Matthew
  11. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Antonetti Card. Lorenzo
  12. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 07.05.2003, Rinunce e nomine, Rinuncia dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Guayaquil (Ecuador) e nomina del successore
  13. Cf. The Order of Preachers, Biography of Carlos Alfonso Azpiroz Costa O.P.
  14. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Baum Card. William Wakefield
  15. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 07.10.2003, Rinunce e nomine, Nomina del Vescovo di Toledo (U.S.A.)
  16. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 20.12.2005, Rinunce e nomine, Nomina del Vescovo di Nashville (U.S.A.)
  17. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 02.12.2006, Rinunce e nomine, Rinuncia dell‘Arcivescovo di Malta (Malta) e nomina del successore
  18. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 25.06.2002, Rinunce e nomine, Nomina dell‘Arcivescovo Metropolita di Milwaukee (U.S.A.)
  19. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 26.03.2004, Rinunce e nomine, Rinuncia del Vescovo di Hexham and Newcastle (Inghilterra) e nomina del successore
  20. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 11.12.2007, Rinunce e nomine, Nomina dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Utrecht (Paesi Bassi)
  21. Cf. Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, Il Collegio Cardinalizio, Cenni biografici, Foley Card. John Patrick
  22. Cf. Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, Il Collegio Cardinalizio, Cenni biografici, Herranz Card. Julián
  23. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Hickey Card. James Aloysius
  24. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 28.01.2005, Rinunce e nomine, Nomina del Vescovo di Wichita (U.S.A.)
  25. Cf. Archdiocese of Louisville, The Archdiocese, Archbishop Thomas Cajetan Kelly, O.P.
  26. Cf. The Honourable Noël A. Kinsella, The Speaker of the Senate, Biography
  27. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 29.12.2004, Rinunce e nomine, Nomina del Vescovo di La Crosse (U.S.A.)
  28. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, López Rodríguez Card. Nicolás de Jesús
  29. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, López Trujillo Card. Alfonso
  30. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 06.11.2003, Rinunce e nomine, Rinuncia dell‘Arcivescovo Metropolita di Southwark (Inghilterra) e nomina del successore
  31. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 07.12.1998, Nomina del Coadiutore di Rockville Centre (U.S.A.)
  32. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Mejía Card. Jorge María
  33. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 16.07.2007, Rinunce e nomine, Nomina dell’Arcivescovo Coadiutore di Lviv dei Latini (Ucraina)
  34. Cf. The Church in England and Wales, News Release (14 December 1996), Death of Bishop Moverley
  35. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 12.07.2007, Rinunce e nomine, Rinuncia dell‘Arcivescovo Metropolita di Baltimore (U.S.A.) e nomina del successore
  36. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Oddi Card. Silvio
  37. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Ouellet Card. Marc, P.S.S.
  38. Cf. Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, Bollettino quotidiano del: 21.09.2007, Rinunce e nomine, Nomina dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita dell’Arcidiocesi “della Madre di Dio” a Mosca (Federazione Russa)
  39. Cf. The Nobel Foundation, The Nobel Peace Prize 1958, Georges Pire, The Nobel Peace Prize 1958: Biography
  40. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Saraiva Martins Card. José, C.M.F.
  41. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 26.10.2001, Rinunce e nomine, Rinuncia dell‘Arcivescovo Metropolita di Cardiff (Galles) e nomina del successore
  42. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Vachon Card. Louis-Albert
  43. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Vithayathil Card. Varkey, C.SS.R.
  44. Cf. Holy See Press Office, College of Cardinals, Biographical notes, Willebrands Card. Johannes
  45. Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 16.05.2006, Rinunce e nomine, Rinuncia dell‘Arcivescovo Metropolita di Washington (U.S.A.) e nomina del successore
  46. Cf. Pontificia Università S. Tommaso d'Aquino Angelicum, Ordine degli studi - Order of Studies, Anno accademico - Academic Year 2008-2009, Istituti collegati con l’Università – Institutes Connected with the University, p. XXI.
  47. Cf. Pontificia Università S. Tommaso d'Aquino Angelicum, Ordine degli studi - Order of Studies, Anno accademico - Academic Year 2008-2009, Istituti collegati con l’Università – Institutes Connected with the University, p. XXI.
  48. Cf. Pontificia Università S. Tommaso d'Aquino Angelicum, Ordine degli studi - Order of Studies, Anno accademico - Academic Year 2008-2009, Istituti collegati con l’Università – Institutes Connected with the University, p. XXI.
  49. Cf. Pontificia Università S. Tommaso d'Aquino Angelicum, Ordine degli studi - Order of Studies, Anno accademico - Academic Year 2008-2009, Istituti associati, p. 226.


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