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Pori ( ) is a city and municipality on the west coast of Finlandmarker. The city is located some from the Gulf of Bothniamarker, on the estuary of the Kokemäenjokimarker river, which is the largest in Finland. Pori is part of the province of Western Finlandmarker and is the most important town in the Satakuntamarker region.

The municipality has a population of ( ) and covers an area of of which is water. The population density is . The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Pori is the largest city in Finland, and the 7th largest urban area.

The Neo-Gothic Juselius Mausoleum, located in the Käppärä cemetery in central Pori, was built in 1903 by the wealthy industrialist F.A. Juselius for his daughter Sigrid, who died when she was only 11 years old. The mausoleum was designed by the architect Josef Stenbäck. The mausoleum originally had frescoes painted by artist Akseli Gallen-Kallela, but these decayed after a short time. The frescoes were restored by Akseli's son Jorma Gallen-Kallela using his father's sketches.

Pori is known, among other things, for the sandy beaches of Yyterimarker and for hosting Pori Jazz, an annual international jazz festival.

Name

The name Pori comes from its original Swedish name Björneborg's last part, borg (castle), which is pronounced in a similar way. The Swedish name Björneborg means Bear castle, and the Latin name Arctopolis means Bear city.

History

The river had a key role in the creation of Pori. Sailing in the Kokemäki rivermarker had become more and more difficult after the 1300s. The importance of Kokemäki and Ulvila began to decline when ships could no longer navigate the river. In the 1500s, the situation had become so bad that John III ( ) decided to establish a new harbour and market town closer to the sea. The concept and location and were good, but the inhabitants were missing.

The Bourgeois of Rauma and Ulvilamarker had been ordered to move to Helsinkimarker, which had recently been founded, however they did not enjoy living in Helsinki, and after numerous pleas the citizens of Rauma were given permission to return to their previous homes. However, those from Ulvila were ordered to migrate to the newly founded city of Pori. On March 8, 1558 John III gave the charter of Pori, which read: "Because we have seen that it would be best to build a strong market town alongside the sea, and because we cannot find anywhere suitable for fortifying in Ulvila, we have chosen another location at Pori."

At the time Pori had around 300 involuntary residents. However, they soon recognised the advantages of their new location, which offered opportunities for profitable trading, amongst other things.



Geography

Climate

Politics

Pori gives relatively strong support to the Social Democratic Party. In 2008, the party gained 29.8% of the votes, while the second largest party, National Coalition Party, got 26.1%. The mayor of Pori is Aino-Maija Luukkonen, who was elected to run the city in 2004 after the former mayor, Martti Sinisalmi, retired from the post.

Sports

Porin Narukerä, or just Narukerä, play in the highest bandy division and have become Finnish champions once.

Demographics

More than of the population has Finnish as their first language, and about has either Arabic, French, German, Russian or Swedish as their first language. There is a small minority of about of Swedish speakers in the city. There is a Swedish School and a Swedish Culture Club that are aimed at serving the Finland-Swedish minority in the Satakuntamarker region.

Population development

The population peaked in the mid-1970s, when it was over 80 000. After that the population declined, and in recent years has remained steady at just over 76 000. The significant population increase in 1950 was the result of annexing nearby areas.

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People



International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Pori is twinned with:

Trivia

The asteroid 1499 Pori was named after the city by its discoverer, the Finnish astronomer Yrjö Väisälä.

Transmitter facility

There is a broadcasting facility near Pori for medium-wave and short-wave broadcasting managed by Digita. The medium-wave transmitter uses a 185 m (607 ft) guyed mast as an aerial.

References



External links




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