Port Ross is a natural
harbour on Auckland
Island in the Auckland Islands Group, a subantarctic chain that forms part of the
New Zealand Outlying
the mouth of Port Ross are Rose
Island, Enderby Island, Ewing
Island, and the tiny Ocean Island.
members of the Ngāti Mutunga
Māori arrived in Port Ross from the
Islands with Moriori slaves in an
attempt to establish a settlement.
late 1840s, an agricultural and whaling community set up in Erebus Cove, on the
harbour, and named Hardwicke.
The Auckland group
Due to the inhospitable climate, the
settlement was abandoned within three years. A cemetery remains,
later used to bury victims of shipwrecks. Survivors of the 1866
wreck of the General
set up a camp in the Harbour, where they lived for
18 months before rescue. Later, castaway
were established in Port Ross to provide succour for any
sailors wrecked or marooned on the islands. In 1887 it provided
relief for the survivors of the Derry