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Portici is a town and comune of the Province of Naples in the Campania region of southern Italymarker. It is the site of the Portici Royal Palacemarker.

Geography

Portici lies at the foot of Mount Vesuviusmarker on the Bay of Naplesmarker, about 8 km (5 miles) southeast of Naples itself. There is a small port. To the south east is Ercolanomarker, formerly Resina, which occupies the site of ancient Herculaneummarker. San Giorgio a Cremanomarker is another town nearby.

History

The city was completely destroyed by the Eruption of Vesuvius in 1631, but was rebuilt. Charles III of Spain, King of Naples and Sicily, built a royal palace in the townmarker between 1738-1748. After Garibaldi defeated the Bourbons in 1860, the palace was turned into the Portici botanic gardens and the Royal Higher School of Agriculture. It once contained the antiquities from Herculaneum, which have since been moved to Naples.

Economy

The inhabitants were historically engaged in fishing, silk-growing and silk-weaving up tp the beginning of the 20th century. Later a more diversified ecomomy emerged, with industry and trade as main pillars.

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