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Portland General Electric (PGE) ( ) is an electrical utility, formerly owned by the Houstonmarker-based Enron Corporation (but now independent), that distributes electricity to customers in parts of Portland, Oregonmarker, as well as parts of Multnomahmarker, Clackamasmarker, Marionmarker, Yamhillmarker, Washingtonmarker, and Polkmarker counties - half of the inhabitants of Oregonmarker. (The rest of the City of Portland is served by Pacific Power.)

PGE produces and purchases energy primarily from coal and natural gas plants, as well as hydroelectric power from dams on the Sandy, Clackamas, Willamette and Deschutes rivers. Between 1976 and 1993, PGE operated Trojanmarker, the only nuclear power plant in Oregon.

Corporate officers

PGE currently has 11 corporate officers, who include James J. Piro (CEO and president).


The utility was founded in 1888 by Parker F. Morey and Edward L. Eastham as Willamette Falls Electric Co. This corporation installed a hydroelectric generator at Willamette Fallsmarker to provide electricity to Portland. In the process, this corporation completed the first long-distance transmission line in the United States on June 3 of that year.

Willamette Falls Electric changed its name several times before settling on Portland Electric Power in 1932. Portland Electric Power was reorganized as PGE in 1948.

Ballot measures have been filed by activists several times since the 1960s to convert some or all of PGE into a Public Utility District (PUD), the latest of which was in 2003, and most have been unsuccessful. An exception was in 1999, when PGE announced it was selling its customer base in St. Helensmarker, Scappoosemarker, and Columbia Citymarker to West Oregon Electric PUD for $7.9 million. The terms of this sale would leave the physical assets of the distribution system -- the poles, wires and other components -- owned by Enron, who would then manage this system as a contractor exempt from state regulation. Voter distrust of both Enron and PGE was severe enough for them to approve the measure, despite $71,592 being spent in advertisements to oppose it, in comparison to the $2,304 spent by supporters. This resulted with those three cities becoming part of the Columbia River PUD on terms far more favorable to the customers; electricity rates immediately dropped in these cities, and remain lower than those for current PGE customers.

On July 1, 1997, Enron Corporation bought PGE for $2 billion in stock and $1.1 billion in assumed debt. Then in 1999, and again in 2001, Enron attempted to sell PGE to other investor-owned utilities including Portland based NW Naturalmarker. The corporate officers of PGE have claimed that this utility was not involved in the financial misdealings of its owner, pointing to the fact that many of its employees suffered when Enron froze the 401 retirement plan and were unable to sell the rapidly declining stock. However, Ken Harrison and Joseph Hirko, PGE's CEO and CFO respectively at the time of the Enron merger were charged on several felony level counts primarily related to financial misrepresentation regarding Enron Broadband Services which had its headquarters within the World Trade Center complex that comprises PGE's corporate offices. In addition Tim Belden, head of the West Coast Trading Desk and John Forney, an energy trader who invented various electricity trading strategies such as the Death Star, operated from the trading floor in the PGE corporate offices and were also convicted of financial crimes related to the California Electricity Crisis.

Attempted acquisition from Enron

Concerned by uncertainty that the Enron bankruptcy would bring, several local governments began investigation of acquiring PGE by condemnation. These studies were ended following the announcement on November 17, 2003 that a group called Oregon Electric Utility, led by former governor Neil Goldschmidt and backed by Texas Pacific Group, offered to buy PGE for $2.35 billion. This was the sole bid received by the bankruptcy judge, who has approved the bid. When details that Goldschmidt had been sexually involved with a minor in the 1970s emerged, he withdrew from the negotiations, and was replaced by Peter Kohler, president of the Oregon Health and Science University.

Many local groups voiced their suspicion that Oregon Electric Utility would be run to maximize profits short-term, rather than to the customers' benefits. These groups included Industrial Customers of Northwest Utilities, Associated Oregon Industries, the Citizen Utilities Board, as well as the majority of cities and local governments in PGE's service area. This purchase offer was denied by the Oregon Public Utilities Commission, a three-member regulatory board, on March 10, 2005.

Discomfort over the Texas Pacific purchase led to a number of voter initiatives to convert parts of PGE into PUDs. PGE has so far defeated measures in Multnomah Countymarker (November 14, 2003), Yamhill Countymarker (March, 2004), and Clackamas Countymarker (May 18, 2004).

PGE received notice of a strike by 900 union workers, effective March 8, 2004, represented by the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. Points over which the negotiations broke down include retiree medical benefits as well as losses in the members 401(k) plan. This labor dispute was shortly afterwards resolved, and the union agreed to a new contract.

With the rejection of the Texas Pacific Group's offer, the City of Portland announced it contacted Enron to resume negotiating an offer to purchase PGE. On April 19, 2005, Portland city officials announced that they were willing to spend 7.5 million in attorneys' fees to purchase the utility. On July 6, the City Council unanimously adopted a measure to finance the acquisition of PGE by the sale of $3 billion in bonds.

Enron interim CEO Stephen Cooper called off negotiations over acquisition of PGE on July 20, 2005. Cooper stated that he did not "see a plausible solution under which our teams could reach an agreement that would lead to a transaction closing in a timely fashion". Cooper addressed several causes for the termination, including the refusal of the city to pay a $50 million deposit on the sale. The same day, Governor Ted Kulongoski vetoed a bill that would create a public corporation to purchase PGE.

Independence from Enron

On May 3, 2006, the company declared its independence from Enron, becoming a private company. PGE has since distributed its shares on the New York Stock Exchangemarker and become a locally-based utility.

Power plants operated by PGE

Thermal power plants

  • Beaver Generating Plant - 500 MWe - located on the northern border of Oregon. The facility consists of 6 turbine generators that exhaust to heat recovery steam generators.
  • Boardman generating plant (coal) - 601 MWe - located in Boardman, Oregonmarker.
  • Coyote Springs Generating Plant - 348.2 MWe - located in Boardman, Oregon; began operating in 1980. Coyote Springs is a combined cycle cogeneration plant and is a mix of hydro, coal and other natural gas-fired plants.
  • Colstrip Coal - 296 MWe - located in Colstrip, Montanamarker.
  • Port Westward High Efficiency Gas Power Plant located next to the Beaver plant with 400 MWe capacity (commercial operations started in 2007). Has since won awards for innovation.
    • Total: 1,785.20 MWe

Hydroelectric plants

Part of the Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, with a turbine under construction

  • Bull Runmarker (Sandy and Little Sandy rivers) - 22 MWe (decommissioned, 2007)
  • Faraday (Clackamas River) - 44 MWe
  • North Fork (Clackamas River) - 54 MWe
  • Oak Grovemarker (Clackamas River) - 44 MWe
  • Pelton (Deschutes River) - 108 MWe
  • River Mill (Clackamas River) - 25 MWe
  • Round Butte (Deschutes River) - 300 MWe
  • Sullivan (Willamette River) - 16 MWe
    • Total: 613.00 MWe
Grand Total: 2398.2 MWe


Vehicle charging stations

The utility is installing 12 electric vehicle charging stations in Portlandmarker and Salemmarker as part of a demonstration project to develop the transportation infrastructure needed to support electric vehicles, and specially anticipate the demand plug-in cars .


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