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The Portuguese Liga ( ), currently named Liga Sagres after its main sponsor, is the league competition for Portuguesemarker professional football clubs located at the top of the Portuguese football league system (above the Liga de Honra), making it Portugal's primary football competition.

The Liga is presently contested by 16 clubs each season, but only five of them have won the title. Currently in its 76th edition (counting four provisional championships in the 1930s) the competition is dominated by the so-called "big three"; (Sport Lisboa e Benfica, Futebol Clube do Porto, and Sporting Clube de Portugal), who have a total of 73 titles, with Clube de Futebol Os Belenenses and Boavista Futebol Clube winning the other two.

History

Before the Portuguese football reform of 1938, an experimental competition on a round-basis was already being held — the Primeira Liga (Premier League) and the winners of that competition were named "League champions". Despite that, a Portuguese Championship in a knock-out cup format was the most popular and defined the "Portuguese champion".

Then, with the reform, a round-robin basis competition was implemented as the most important of the calendar and began defining the Portuguese champion. From 1938–2000, the name Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Divisão (National Championship of the First Division), or just Primeira Divisão (First Division), was used. When the Portuguese League for Professional Football took control of the two nationwide leagues in 1999, it was renamed Campeonato Nacional da Primeira Liga (Premier League National Championship), or simply Primeira Liga (Premier League).

Sponsored names

Galp Energia acquired the naming rights to the league in 2002, titling the division SuperLiga Galp Energia. A four year deal with the Austrianmarker sports betting web portal bwin was announced on 18 August 2005 amid questioning by the other gambling authorities in Portugal (the Santa Casa da Misericórdia and the Portuguese Casinos Association), who claimed to hold the exclusive rights to legal gambling games in Portuguese national territory. After holding the name Liga betandwin.com for the 2005–06 season , the name was changed to BWINLIGA in July 2006. From the 2008–09 season, the league has been be named Liga Sagres due to sponsorship from Sagres beer.

Competition

From the 2006–07 season on, there are 16 clubs in the Portuguese Liga, down from 18 in the previous seasons. During the course of a season, each club plays all teams twice — once at their home stadium and once at their opponent's — for a total of 30 games. At the end of each season, the two lowest placed teams are relegated to the Liga de Honra, and the top two teams from Liga de Honra are promoted to the Portuguese Liga.

For the 2008–09 season, the top two teams in the Portuguese Liga (Porto and Sporting CP, first and second, respectively) qualified for the UEFA Champions League. The Champion (first place finish) goes directly into the group phase of the competition, with the runner-up (second place finish) entering the competition at the third qualifying round, and must survive a two-legged knockout tie in order to enter the group phase. The teams classified in third, fourth and fifth enter the UEFA Cup together with the winner of the Cup of Portugal. If the winner of the Cup of Portugal is already qualified for the Champions League, or would be qualified for the UEFA Cup by its league position, the runner-up will occupy the spot in the UEFA Cup. If the runner-up is also qualified for European competition through its league position, the spot is given to the sixth-placed team in the Liga. The sixth-placed team is allowed to play in the UEFA Intertoto Cup, but when it plays in the UEFA Cup because of the situation above, then the spot is taken by the seventh-placed team.

Current clubs in Portuguese Liga Sagres

Names in bold are the colloquial names of the clubs.





Television

Within Portugal, SportTV holds rights to broadcast both first and second division matches, through their Premium Channels, SportTV 1, SportTV 2, and in HD on SportTV HD. All clubs negotiate individually with the channel. One game a week is broadcasted on free television in a contract deal between SportTV and (from 2008-2009) RTPmarker.

Internationally, Gol TV shows games throughout Latin America, Sportitalia shows one game a week and highlights in Italymarker for free, and in Brazilmarker, games are broadcast by Band Sports. In the United Statesmarker, ESPN360.com carries a featured game each week.

In July 2009, ESPN announced that they will be screening up to two live games a week in the United Kingdom, replacing Setanta Sports as the TV broadcaster for the U.K. market.

Official match ball



UEFA ranking

National League Ranking for the 2010–11 season of the European Cups. (Previous season rank in italics) (see UEFA coefficients full list for more information)

International honours by Liga players



  • 1966 FIFA World Cup Golden Shoe Eusébio










































Attendance

Since the beginning of the league, there are three clubs with an attendance much higher than the others: Benfica, Porto and Sporting CP. They have also the biggest stadiums in Portugal, with more than 50,000 seats. Other clubs, such as Vitória de Guimarães and Sporting de Braga, also have good attendances. Académica de Coimbramarker, Vitória de Setúbal, Belenenses, and Marítimo are historical clubs, from the biggest Portuguese cities, and have also many supporters. However, they do not have big attendances nowadays. Their stadiums have between 10,000 and 30,000 seats.

The 2008–09 season saw an average attendance by club:
Club Average Highest Stadiumcapacity Stadium
1 Benfica 55,698 64,022 65,647 Estádio da Luzmarker (Estádio do Sport Lisboa e Benfica)
2 Porto 48,762 50,309 50,399 Estádio do Dragãomarker
3 Sporting CP 46,517 50,003 50,080 Estádio José Alvalade - Século XXImarker
4 Vitória de Guimarães 26,578 30,000 30,165 Estádio D.marker Afonso Henriquesmarker
5 Sporting de Braga 21,551 27,321 30,154 Estádio AXAmarker (Estádio Municipal de Braga)
6 Académica Coimbramarker 18,974 28,980 30,210 Estádio Cidade de Coimbramarker
7 Belenenses 15,073 29,635 32,500 Estádio do Restelomarker
8 Vitória de Setúbal 13,833 15,690 18,694 Estádio do Bonfimmarker
9 Leixões 10,176 15,884 16,035 Estádio do Marmarker
10 Rio Ave 7,311 10,426 12,815 Estádio do Rio Ave FCmarker
11 Naval 1º de Maio 7,118 12,214 12,630 Estádio Municipal José Bento Pessoamarker
12 Marítimo 6,940 8,234 8,922 Estádio dos Barreirosmarker
13 Trofense 3,838 4,977 5,000 Estádio do Clube Desportivo Trofensemarker
14 Paços de Ferreira 3,345 5,172 5,172 Estádio da Mata Realmarker
15 Estrela da Amadora 3,280 9,252 9,288 Estádio José Gomesmarker
16 Nacional 2,040 4,175 5,132 Estádio da Madeiramarker


List of champions and top scorers

Clubs Players
Season Champion Points Runner-up Points Third place Points Teams Rounds Points/win Bola de Prata(Top Scorer) Club Goals
Experimental (Unofficial)
  1934–35 Porto 22 Sporting CP 20 Benfica 19 8 14 2 pts Soeiro Sporting CP 14
  1935–36 Benfica 21 Porto 20 Sporting CP 26 8 14 2 pts Pinga Porto 21
  1936–37 Benfica (2) 24 Belenenses 23 Sporting CP 29 8 14 2 pts Soeiro Sporting CP 24
  1937–38 Benfica (3) 23 Porto 23 Sporting CP 23 8 14 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 34
Definitive (Official)
  1938–39 Porto (2) 23 Sporting CP 22 Benfica 21 8 14 2 pts Costuras Porto 18
  1939–40 Porto (3) 34 Sporting CP 32 Belenenses 25 10 18 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo

Slavko Kodrnja
Sporting CP

Porto
29
  1940–41 Sporting CP 23 Porto 20 Belenenses 19 8 14 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 29
  1941–42 Benfica (4) 38 Sporting CP 34 Belenenses 30 12 22 2 pts Correia Dias Porto 36
  1942–43 Benfica (5) 30 Sporting CP 29 Belenenses 28 10 18 2 pts Julinho Benfica 24
  1943–44 Sporting CP (2) 31 Benfica 26 Atlético CP 24 10 18 2 pts Francisco Rodrigues Vitória de Setúbal 28
  1944–45 Benfica (6) 30 Sporting CP 27 Belenenses 27 10 18 2 pts Francisco Rodrigues Vitória de Setúbal 21
  1945–46 Belenenses 38 Benfica 37 Sporting CP 32 12 22 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 37
  1946–47 Sporting CP (3) 47 Benfica 41 Porto 33 14 26 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 43
  1947–48 Sporting CP (4) 41 Benfica 41 Belenenses 37 14 26 2 pts António Araújo Porto 36
  1948–49 Sporting CP (5) 42 Benfica 37 Belenenses 35 14 26 2 pts Fernando Peyroteo Sporting CP 40
  1949–50 Benfica (7) 45 Sporting CP 39 Atlético CP 30 14 26 2 pts Julinho Benfica 28
  1950–51 Sporting CP (6) 45 Porto 34 Benfica 30 14 26 2 pts Manuel Vasques Sporting CP 29
  1951–52 Sporting CP (7) 41 Benfica 40 Porto 36 14 26 2 pts José Águas Benfica 28
  1952–53 Sporting CP (8) 43 Benfica 39 Belenenses 36 14 26 2 pts Matateu Belenenses 29
  1953–54 Sporting CP (9) 43 Porto 36 Benfica 32 14 26 2 pts João Martins Sporting CP 31
  1954–55 Benfica (8) 39 Belenenses 39 Sporting CP 37 14 26 2 pts Matateu Belenenses 32
  1955–56 Porto (4) 43 Benfica 43 Belenenses 37 14 26 2 pts José Águas Benfica 28
  1956–57 Benfica (9) 41 Porto 40 Belenenses 33 14 26 2 pts José Águas Benfica 30
  1957–58 Sporting CP (10) 43 Porto 43 Benfica 36 14 26 2 pts Arsénio Duarte CUF 23
  1958–59 Porto (5) 41 Benfica 41 Belenenses 38 14 26 2 pts José Águas Benfica 26
  1959–60 Benfica (10) 45 Sporting CP 43 Belenenses 36 14 26 2 pts Edmur Ribeiro Vitória de Guimarães 25
  1960–61 Benfica (11) 46 Sporting CP 42 Porto 33 14 26 2 pts José Águas Benfica 27
  1961–62 Sporting CP (11) 43 Porto 41 Benfica 36 14 26 2 pts Veríssimo Porto 23
  1962–63 Benfica (12) 48 Porto 42 Sporting CP 38 14 26 2 pts José Augusto Torres Benfica 26
  1963–64 Benfica (13) 46 Porto 40 Sporting CP 34 14 26 2 pts Eusébio Benfica 28
  1964–65 Benfica (14) 43 Porto 37 CUF 35 14 26 2 pts Eusébio Benfica 28
  1965–66 Sporting CP (12) 42 Benfica 41 Porto 34 14 26 2 pts Eusébio

Ernesto Figueiredo
Benfica

Sporting CP
25
  1966–67 Benfica (15) 43 Académica de Coimbramarker 40 Porto 39 14 26 2 pts Eusébio Benfica 31
  1967–68 Benfica (16) 41 Sporting CP 37 Porto 36 14 26 2 pts Eusébio Benfica 42
  1968–69 Benfica (17) 39 Porto 37 Vitória de Guimarães 36 14 26 2 pts Manuel António Académica Coimbramarker 19
  1969–70 Sporting CP (13) 46 Benfica 38 Vitória de Setúbal 36 14 26 2 pts Eusébio Benfica 20
  1970–71 Benfica (18) 41 Sporting CP 38 Porto 37 14 26 2 pts Artur Jorge Benfica 23
  1971–72 Benfica (19) 55 Vitória de Setúbal 45 Sporting CP 43 16 30 2 pts Artur Jorge Benfica 27
  1972–73 Benfica (20) 58 Belenenses 40 Vitória de Setúbal 38 16 30 2 pts Eusébio Benfica 40
  1973–74 Sporting CP (14) 49 Benfica 47 Vitória de Setúbal 45 16 30 2 pts Héctor Yazalde Sporting CP 46
  1974–75 Benfica (21) 49 Porto 44 Sporting CP 43 16 30 2 pts Héctor Yazalde Sporting CP 30
  1975–76 Benfica (22) 50 Boavista 48 Belenenses 40 16 30 2 pts Rui Jordão Benfica 30
  1976–77 Benfica (23) 51 Sporting CP 42 Porto 41 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes Porto 26
  1977–78 Porto (6) 51 Benfica 51 Sporting CP 42 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes Porto 25
  1978–79 Porto (7) 50 Benfica 49 Sporting CP 42 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes Porto 27
  1979–80 Sporting CP (15) 52 Porto 50 Benfica 45 16 30 2 pts Rui Jordão Sporting CP 31
  1980–81 Benfica (24) 50 Porto 48 Sporting CP 37 16 30 2 pts Nené Benfica 20
  1981–82 Sporting CP (16) 46 Benfica 44 Porto 43 16 30 2 pts Jacques Pereira Porto 27
  1982–83 Benfica (25) 51 Porto 47 Sporting CP 42 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes Porto 36
  1983–84 Benfica (26) 52 Porto 49 Sporting CP 42 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes

Nené
Porto

Benfica
21
  1984–85 Porto (8) 55 Sporting CP 47 Benfica 43 16 30 2 pts Fernando Gomes Porto 39
  1985–86 Porto (9) 49 Benfica 47 Sporting CP 46 16 30 2 pts Manuel Fernandes Sporting CP 30
  1986–87 Benfica (27) 48 Porto 46 Vitória de Guimarães 41 16 30 2 pts Paulinho Cascavel Vitória de Guimarães 22
  1987–88 Porto (10) 66 Benfica 51 Belenenses 48 20 38 2 pts Paulinho Cascavel Sporting CP 23
  1988–89 Benfica (28) 63 Porto 56 Boavista 49 20 38 2 pts Vata Benfica 16
  1989–90 Porto (11) 59 Benfica 55 Sporting CP 46 18 34 2 pts Mats Magnusson Benfica 33
  1990–91 Benfica (29) 69 Porto 67 Sporting CP 57 20 38 2 pts Rui Águas Benfica 25
  1991–92 Porto (12) 56 Benfica 46 Boavista 44 18 34 2 pts Ricky Boavista 30
  1992–93 Porto (13) 54 Benfica 52 Sporting CP 45 18 34 2 pts Jorge Cadete Sporting CP 18
  1993–94 Benfica (30) 54 Porto 52 Sporting CP 51 18 34 2 pts Rashidi Yekini Vitória de Setúbal 21
  1994–95 Porto (14) 62 Sporting CP 53 Benfica 49 18 34 2 pts Hassan Nader Farense 21
  1995–96 Porto (15) 84 Benfica 73 Sporting CP 67 18 34 3 pts Domingos Paciência Porto 25
  1996–97 Porto (16) 85 Sporting CP 72 Benfica 58 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel Porto 30
  1997–98 Porto (17) 77 Benfica 68 Vitória de Guimarães 59 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel Porto 26
  1998–99 Porto (18) 79 Boavista 71 Benfica 65 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel Porto 36
  1999–00 Sporting CP (17) 77 Porto 73 Benfica 69 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel Porto 37
  2000–01 Boavista 77 Porto 76 Sporting CP 62 18 34 3 pts Renivaldo Pena Porto 22
  2001–02 Sporting CP (18) 75 Boavista 70 Porto 68 18 34 3 pts Mário Jardel Sporting CP 42
  2002–03 Porto (19) 86 Benfica 75 Sporting CP 59 18 34 3 pts Fary Faye
Simão
Beira-Mar
Benfica
18
  2003–04 Porto (20) 82 Benfica 74 Sporting CP 73 18 34 3 pts Benni McCarthy Porto 20
  2004–05 Benfica (31) 65 Porto 62 Sporting CP 61 18 34 3 pts Liédson Sporting CP 25
  2005–06 Porto (21) 79 Sporting CP 72 Benfica 67 18 34 3 pts Albert Meyong Belenenses 17
  2006–07 Porto (22) 69 Sporting CP 68 Benfica 67 16 30 3 pts Liédson Sporting CP 15
  2007–08 Porto (23) 69 Sporting CP 55 Vitória de Guimarães 53 16 30 3 pts Lisandro López Porto 24
  2008–09 Porto (24) 70 Sporting CP 66 Benfica 59 16 30 3 pts Nenê Nacional 20




Performance by club

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Years and Runner-Up Years
Benfica 31 24 1936, 1937, 1938, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2005
Porto 24 24 1935, 1936, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1951, 1954, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
Sporting CP 18 19 1935, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
Belenenses 1 3 1937, 1946, 1955, 1973
Boavista 1 3 1976, 1999, 2001, 2002
Académica de Coimbramarker - 1 1967
Vitória de Setúbal - 1 1972


Records



Top Ten Highest Goalscorers
Player Period Club Goals
1 Fernando Peyroteo 1937–1949 Sporting CP 330 (1.68/game)
2 Eusébio 1960–1977 Benfica 319 (1.02/game)
3 Fernando Gomes 1974–1991 Porto, Sporting CP 318 (0.79/game)
4 José Águas 1950–1963 Benfica 290 (1.03/game)
5 Néné 1968–1986 Benfica 262 (0.62/game)
6 Manuel Fernandes 1970–1988 GD CUF, Sporting CP, Vitória de Setúbal 243 (0.50/game)
7 Matateu 1951–1967 Belenenses 218 (0.75/game)
8 José Augusto Torres 1959–1980 Benfica 217 (0.57/game)
9 Rui Jordão 1971–1989 Benfica, Sporting CP, Vitória de Setúbal 215 (0.60/game)
10 Arsénio Duarte 1943–1959 Benfica 211 (0.67/game)


Other records

  • In 1972–73, Benfica won the Portuguese Liga without any defeat (28 wins and 2 ties) (96.7% efficiency).
  • In 2002–03, Porto won the Portuguese Liga with 86 points, the most ever obtained (84.3% efficiency).


Participating Clubs

Includes Campeonato da Liga. Years below refer to the season that ended that year.

Team City Years First season Last season Notes
1 Benfica Lisbonmarker 76 1935 2010 31 titles (28 official)
2 Porto Portomarker 76 1935 2010 24 titles (23 official)
3 Sporting CP Lisbonmarker 76 1935 2010 18 titles
4 Belenenses Lisbonmarker 72 1935 2010 1 title
5 Vitória de Guimarães Guimarães 66 1942 2010
6 Vitória de Setúbal Setúbalmarker 62 1935 2010
7 Académica de Coimbramarker Coimbra 58 1935 2010
8 Braga Braga 54 1948 2010
9 Boavista Portomarker 51 1936 2008 1 title
10 Marítimo Funchalmarker 30 1978 2010
11 Leixões Matosinhos 25 1937 2010
12 Atlético Lisbonmarker 24 1944 1977
12 Barreirense Barreiro 24 1938 1979
12 Beira-Mar Aveiro 24 1962 2007
12 Salgueiros Portomarker 24 1944 2002 folded 2005, but returned in 2008 to regional football as Salgueiros 08
16 Fabril Barreiro 23 1943 1976 as GD CUF
16 Farense Faro 23 1971 2002
18 Varzim Póvoa de Varzimmarker 21 1964 2003
19 Estoril-Praia Cascais 20 1945 2005
20 Estrela da Amadora Amadoramarker 16 1989 2009
20 Rio Ave Vila do Condemarker 16 1980 2010
20 União de Leiria Leiria 16 1980 2010
20 Olhanense Olhãomarker 16 1942 2010
24 Sporting da Covilhã Covilhã 15 1949 1988
25 Gil Vicente Barcelos 14 1991 2006
25 Lusitano de Évora Évora 14 1953 1966
27 Desportivo de Chaves Chaves 13 1986 1999
27 Portimonense Portimão 13 1977 1990
29 Penafiel Penafiel 12 1981 2006
29 Paços de Ferreira Paços de Ferreira 12 1992 2010
31 Sporting de Espinho Espinho 11 1975 1997
31 Nacional Funchalmarker 11 1989 2010
33 Tirsense Santo Tirsomarker 8 1968 1996
34 Oriental Lisbonmarker 7 1951 1975
35 Famalicão Famalicão 6 1947 1994
35 Torreense Torres Vedrasmarker 6 1956 1992
35 União de Tomar Tomar 6 1969 1976
38 Académico do Porto Portomarker 5 1935 1942
38 Carcavelinhos Lisbonmarker 5 1936 1942 folded in 1942 (merged to form Atlético CP)
38 União Madeira Funchalmarker 5 1990 1995
38 Alverca Alverca do Ribatejomarker 5 1999 2004
38 Naval 1º de Maio Figueira da Foz 5 2006 2010
38 Elvas Elvas 5 1948 1988
38 Campomaiorense Campo Maiormarker 5 1996 2001
45 Sanjoanense São João da Madeiramarker 4 1947 1969
45 Académico de Viseu Viseumarker 4 1979 1989
45 Leça Leça da Palmeiramarker 4 1942 1998
45 Caldas Caldas da Rainhamarker 4 1956 1959
49 Amora Amora 3 1981 1983
49 Desportivo das Aves Vila das Avesmarker 3 1986 2007
49 Feirense Santa Maria da Feira 3 1963 1990
49 Montijo Montijomarker 3 1973 1977
49 Santa Clara Ponta Delgadamarker 3 2000 2003
49 Lusitano Vila Real de Santo Antóniomarker 3 1948 1950
49 Moreirense Moreira de Cónegos 3 2003 2005
49 Unidos de Lisboa Lisbonmarker 3 1941 1943
57 Seixal Seixalmarker 2 1964 1965
57 S.L. Elvas Elvas 2 1946 1947
59 Fafe Fafemarker 1 1989 1989
59 Casa Pia Lisbonmarker 1 1939 1939
59 Trofense Trofa 1 2009 2009
59 União de Coimbra Coimbra 1 1973 1973
59 Felgueiras Felgueiras 1 1996 1996 folded in 2005
59 Vizela Vizela 1 1985 1985
59 Alcobaça Alcobaça 1 1983 1983
59 Riopele Famalicão 1 1978 1978
59 Águeda Águeda 1 1984 1984
59 Oliveirense Oliveira de Azeméis 1 1946 1946
59 União de Lisboa Lisbonmarker 1 1935 1935 folded in 1942 (merged to form Atlético CP


See also



References

  1. http://www.lpfp.pt/default.aspx?SqlPage=content_noticias&CpContentId=286631
  2. http://www.lpfp.pt/default.aspx?SqlPage=content_noticias&CpContentId=286890
  3. http://blog.taragana.com/sports/2009/07/28/espn-buys-live-rights-to-show-mls-and-other-european-league-games-in-britain-15545/
  4. http://www.lpfp.pt/futebol/pages/espectadores.aspx?epoca=20082009&info=Clube&competicao=Liga_sagres


External links




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