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Map of the Sava river basin; Posavina constitutes the inner regions near Sava itself


Posavina (Bosnian, Serbian,Croatian and Slovenian Posavina, Serbian Cyrillic Посавина) is a Slavic name for the region of the Sava river basin in Croatiamarker, Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker, and Serbiamarker that is adjacent or near the Sava river itself.

Bosanska Posavina is the Bosnian part of the region, with the area of approx. 2650 km2. The Bosnian region is bound by Sava river to the north, Motajica mountain to the west, mountains Ozrenmarker and Trebava to the south and Majevicamarker to the east.

History

In the first half of the 18th century, Sava-Danube (Posavina-Podunavlje) section of the Habsburg Military Frontier existed in the area. Posavina segment of the Frontier comprised parts of Slavoniamarker and Syrmiamarker regions. It stretched between Nova Gradiškamarker and estuary of the Drinamarker river into Sava.

Between 1929 and 1939, one of the provinces of the Kingdom of Yugoslaviamarker was known as the Sava Banovina. The capital city of the province was Zagrebmarker. In 1939, Sava Banovina was merged with Littoral Banovina to form new Banovina of Croatia.

Today, one of the counties in Croatiamarker is named Brod-Posavina countymarker and one of the cantons in Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker is named Posavina Cantonmarker.

Yugoslav breakup and wars

Before the Yugoslav wars, Croats made the majority of the population in Bosnian Posavina. According to the pre-war 1991 census was inhabited by 260,793 people:



The Bosnian Posavina region was gravely hit by the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995) to the point that parts of it had become uninhabited , as almost all the houses were plundered, burnt or destroyed. Only a few percent of people have returned to their homes. The majority of refugees live in and around the city of Slavonski Brodmarker, Croatiamarker right across the Sava River, while a minority emigrated to the European Union countries, the United Statesmarker, and Australia.

Today the region is predominantly inhabited by Serbs.

Cities and towns in Posavina

Cities and towns in Croatia:

Cities and towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina:

Cities and towns in Serbia:

Gallery



Image:City area.jpg|GradiškamarkerImage:BG NoviBeograd.jpg|New Belgrademarker

References



See also




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