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Powązki Cemetery and Military Cemetery (Polish Cmentarz Powązkowski/Cmentarz Wojskowy) are the oldest and most famous cemetery in Warsawmarker, Polandmarker, and are situated in the western part of the city. They contain a mausoleum with memorials to many of the greats in Polish history, including many interred since 1925 along the "Avenue of the Meritorious" (Aleja Zasłużonych, est. 1925). The Military Cemetery has also a very large military section for the graves of those who fought and died for their country since the early 19th century, including the large number of those involved in the ill-fated Warsaw Uprising against the Nazis during World War II, the Battle of Warsaw, and the September Campaign.

Details

Powązki is actually a necropolis, consisting of a whole complex of cemeteries. In 1790, most cemeteries in the Warsaw city centre were closed for sanitary reasons, and a new Catholic cemetery was created in the western suburb of Powązki. Soon afterwards, several other cemeteries were founded in the area: Jewish, Calvinist, Lutheran, Caucasian and Tatar. The Orthodox cemetery is located not far from the Powązki necropolis.

The latest addition to the complex was the "Military Cemetery," during the Communist Era known as the "Communal Cemetery." It was founded in 1912 as an annex to the Catholic cemetery, but after Poland regained independence in 1918, it became the state cemetery, where some of the most notable people of the period were buried, regardless of their faith. Like many of the old European cemeteries, Powązki's tombstone were created by some of the most renowned sculptors of the age, Polish and foreign. Some of the monuments are excellent examples of various styles in art and architecture.

On All Saints Day (November 1) and Zaduszki (November 2) in Warsaw, vigils are held not only in the Roman Catholic cemeteries, but in the Protestant, Muslim, Jewish and Orthodox cemeteries as well. At Powązki cemetery, all the graves are decorated with candles.

A large part of the cemetery is occupied by graves of Polish soldiers who fell in the Warsaw Uprising. Most of the graves were exhumed between 1945 and 1953 from the streets of Warsaw. In many cases, the names of the soldiers remain unknown, and the graves are marked only by the Polish Red Cross identification number. Until the early 1950s, brothers-in-arms of many fallen soldiers organised exhumations of their colleagues on their own, and there are many quarters where soldiers of specific units are buried. Also in the cemetery are several mass graves of (mostly unknown) civilian victims of the German terror during World War II and of the Warsaw Uprising.



Notable people

A few of the notables buried here (Civil and Military Cemetery) are:


The Jewish Cemeterymarker, located on Okopowa Street next to the Protestant Cemetery and near the Powazki necropolis, was established between 1799 and 1806. Some of the prominent Jewish citizens buried here are:

See also



References



Gallery



Image:Bolesław Prus tomb.PNG|Tomb of Bolesław Prus, Catholic CemeteryImage:Powazki Tuwim.JPG|Tomb of Julian TuwimImage:106 0665 t.jpg|Old PowązkiImage:Powazki wrzesien 2.JPG|Graves of Polish soldiers who fell during the 1939 invasion of PolandImage:Powazki wrzesien 3.JPG|1939 sectionImage:Powazki Bierut.JPG|Mausoleum of Bolesław Bierut - Military CemeteryImage:Powazki 1920.JPG|Graves of soldiers fallen during the 1920 Battle of Warsaw- Military Cemetery

Image:Powazki Szpilman.JPG|Grave of Władysław SzpilmanImage:Powazki Kuron.JPG|Tomb of Jacek Kuroń- Military CemeteryImage:Powazki Beck.JPG|Tombs of Józef Beck and Jan Jankowski- Military CemeteryImage:Powazki Czuma.JPG|Tomb of Gen. Walerian Czuma and his brotherImage:Female soldiers 1939.JPG|Graves of three female Polish soldiers who fell during the 1939 invasion of Poland.- Military Cemetery


Panoramas: Powązki Cemetery 1 Powązki Cemetery 2 Powązki Cemetery 3 Powązki Cemetery 4 Powązki Cemetery 5


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