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This article is about the county in Wales. For other uses, see Kingdom of Powysmarker and Powys .
County of Powys Sir Powys
Geography
Area

- Total

- % Water
Ranked 1st

5,196 km²

? %
Admin HQ Llandrindod Wellsmarker
ISO 3166-2 GB-POW
ONS code 00NN
Demographics
Population:

- ( )

- Density

 
Ranked



Ranked

/ km²
Ethnicity 99.3% White
Welsh language

- Any skills
Ranked 7th

30.1%
Politics

Powys Council

http://www.powys.gov.uk/
Control
MPs
AMs
MEPs
Powys ( by most English-language speakers, but in Welsh) is a local-government county and preserved county in Walesmarker.

Geography

See the list of places in Powys for all towns and villages in Powys.
Powys covers the historic counties of Montgomeryshiremarker and Radnorshiremarker, most of Brecknockshiremarker, and a small part of Denbighshire — an area of 5,196 km², making it the largest county in Wales by land area.

It is bounded to the north by Gwyneddmarker, Denbighshire and Wrexham; to the west by Ceredigion and Carmarthenshiremarker; to the east by Shropshiremarker and Herefordshiremarker; and to the south by Rhondda Cynon Taf, Merthyr Tydfilmarker, Caerphilly, Blaenau Gwent, Monmouthshire and Neath Port Talbot.

Most of Powys is mountainous, with north-south transportation by car being difficult.

The majority of the Powys population is made up of small villages and towns. The largest is Newtownmarker, with a population of 12,783 (2001).

Just under a third of the residents have Welsh linguistic skills and Welsh speakers are concentrated mainly in the rural areas both in and around Machynllethmarker, Llanfyllinmarker and Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnantmarker (where William Morgan first translated the whole Bible into Welsh in 1588) in Montgomeryshire ( ), and the industrial area of Ystradgynlaismarker in the extreme south-west of Brecknockshire ( ). Radnorshiremarker ( ) was almost completely Anglicised by the end of the 18th century.

For a map of the current distribution of Welsh speakers see the website of bwrdd-yr-iaith/The Welsh Language Board

History

This area is named after the older Welsh/British Kingdom of Powysmarker, which occupied the northern two thirds of the area as well as lands now in England, and came to an end when it was occupied by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd of Gwyneddmarker during the 1260s.

In December 2007 Powys was awarded Fairtrade County status by the Fairtrade Foundation

Heraldry

The gold in the county coat of arms (see right) symbolises the wealth of the area. Black for both mining and the Black Mountains. The fountain is a medieval heraldic charge, always shown as a roundel barry wavy Argent and Azure. It represents water and, therefore, both refers to the water catchment area and the rivers and lakes. The arms, therefore, contain references to the hills and mountains, rivers and lakes, water supply and industry.

The crest continues the colouring of the arms. A tower has been used in preference to a mural crown, which alludes to the county's military history and remains. From the tower rises a red kite, a bird almost extinct elsewhere in Britain, but thriving here. The bird is semy of black lozenges for the former coal mining industry, while the golden fleece it carries is a reference to the importance of sheep rearing in Powys ).

The county motto is, Powys - the paradise of Wales ( ) .

Government

Powys from 1974-1996.


Powys was originally created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, and originally had Montgomery and Radnor and Brecknock as districts under it, which were based directly on the former administrative counties.

On 1 April 1996, the districts were abolished, and Powys was reconstituted as a unitary authority, with a minor border adjustment in the north-east (specifically the addition of the communities of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnantmarker, Llansilinmarker and Llangedwynmarker from Glyndwrmarker district in Clwyd, all historically part of Denbighshire).

The first Lord Lieutenant of Powys was previously the Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. The Lord Lieutenant of Brecknockshire and Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshire were appointed as Lieutenants.

The present Lord Lieutenant is The Hon. Mrs Elizabeth Shân Legge-Bourke LVO of Crickhowellmarker.

Quality of life

Recent research suggests that Powys is the happiest place in the UK

Places of interest

Cave systems



Lakes, reservoirs and waterfalls



Museums and exhibitions



Castles



Walks



Others



References

  1. "pow-iss", with the vowels of "how" and "hiss"
  2. http://www.ngw.nl/int/gbr/p/powys.htm International Civic Heraldry site
  3. http://www.mikehollandphotographic.co.uk/photo_51647.html Langorse Lake at dawn


External links




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