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A premier is a title for the head of government in some countries and states.

In many nations, the title "premier" is used interchangeably with "prime minister". In the People's Republic of Chinamarker, "premier" is more common, but "prime minister" is still used (see Premier of the People's Republic of China).

In two of the British overseas territories, (Bermudamarker, and the Turks and Caicos Islands), the elected heads of government are styled as "Premier". In other overseas territories the equivalent post is styled as Chief Minister or the Leader of Government Business.

"Premier" is also the title of the heads of government in sub-national entities, such as the provinces and territories of Canadamarker, states of the Commonwealth of Australia, provinces of South Africa, the island of Nevismarker within the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevismarker, and the nation of Niuemarker. In some of these cases, the formal title remains "Prime Minister" but "Premier" is used to avoid confusion with the national leader. In these cases, care should be taken not to confuse the title of "premier" with "prime minister". In these countries, terms such as "Federal Premier" or "National Premier" were sometimes used to refer to prime ministers, although these are now obsolete. In Quebec French, the equivalent of the English word "premier" is "premier ministre", which is also the word used for "prime minister".

In the Czech Republicmarker, "Premiér" means the "Prime Minister" and the Czech language translates both "Premier" and "Prime Minister" as "Premiér".

In Croatiamarker, the head of government is officially called "President of the Government" (predsjednik vlade) but "Premier" (premijer) is commonly used.

A premier will normally be a head of government, but is not usually the head of state. In presidential systems, the two roles are often combined into one, whereas in parliamentary systems of government the two are usually kept separate.An example of a nation having separate roles for the premier/prime minister and the president is the Fifth French Republic.

In the Soviet Unionmarker, the title of premier was applied to the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars or, after 1946, to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.

A second in command to a premier is designated as a vice-premier or deputy premier.

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