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Prescot is a town and civil parish, within the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsleymarker on Merseyside, Englandmarker. It is 8 miles to the east of Liverpoolmarker, and lies within the historic boundaries of Lancashiremarker. At the 2001 Census, the population was 11,184 (5,265 males, 5,919 females).Prescot marks the beginning of the A58 road which runs through to Wetherbymarker, West Yorkshire.

The town is served by Prescot railway stationmarker.

History

Prescot's name is believed to be derived from the Anglo-Saxon prēost "priest" + cot "cot", meaning a cottage or small house owned or inhabited by a priest, a "priest-cottage". (ME prest, preste, priest, OE prēost, LL presbyter, Gk πρεσβύτερος presbýteros "elder, priest").

From c1593, into the early years of the 17th century, Prescot was home to the Prescot Playhousemarker, a purpose-built Shakespearean theatre.

During the 18th and 19th centuries it was at the centre of the watch and clockmaking industry. This ended with the failure of the Lancashire Watch Company in 1910. In later years BICC Cables was the main employer in the town.

Governance

The town was contained in the Prescot Urban Districtmarker in the administrative county Lancashiremarker from 1894. When the administrative counties were abolished in 1974 the district became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsleymarker in the metropolitan county of Merseyside.

Churches

The centre of Prescot has seven churches. Dominating the skyline is the 17th-century Prescot Parish Churchmarker of St Mary's. Tucked away behind St Mary's is the Roman Catholic church of Our Lady and St Joseph. Prescot Methodist Church celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2009, but the building has since been shut down indefinitely. The congregation continues to exist, however, meeting in the adjacent church hall, known as Prescot Methodist Centre. Also in the town are a Salvation Army church, an Elim Pentecostal church (Prescot Community Church), a Brethren Gospel Hall and the Zion Independent Methodist Church.

Places of worship shut down or relocated over the past 20 years include the United Reformed church, the Kingdom Hall (Jehovah's Witnesses) and an independent charismatic church called simply Prescot Christian Fellowship.

Tourism, leisure and places of interest

Prescot Museum houses a permanent exhibition about the history of clock- and watch-making in the town, and several temporary exhibitions per year. The Georgian building is now also home to Knowsley Councilmarker's Arts and Events Service.

On the edge of the town is the famous estate of Lord Derby, which includes Knowsley Safari Parkmarker.

In recent years, a number of cultural and arts events have been established in the town, including the annual 10-day Prescot Festival of Music and the Arts and an annual Elizabethan Fayre.

The Shakespeare North Trust was founded in 2007 to promote William Shakespeare's historic connection with the town, a subject currently being researched at Liverpoolmarker's John Moores Universitymarker. Attempts to raise funds to rebuild the town's Elizabethan theatre have so far been unsuccessful.

Sport

The town's local football team Prescot Cables currently play in the Unibond League.

Notable residents



References



External links




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