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Flag of the President of Chile


The President of Chilemarker is both the chief of state and the head of government. Under the current constitution (1980), the President is elected by popular vote to serve for a period of four years, with immediate re-election being prohibited. The shorter period (previously the term was six years) allows for parliamentary and presidential elections to be synchronized. This is not unique: France reduced its presidential terms in 2002, from seven to five years, for the same reason.

The official seat of the President of Chile is the Palacio de La Monedamarker in the capital Santiagomarker.

List of Heads of State of Chile (1810-Present)

Government Juntas (1810-1814)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
18 September 1810 11 August 1811 First Junta
composed of:
Mateo de Toro Zambrano (president of the junta)
José Antonio Martínez de Adunate
Fernando Márquez de la Plata
Juan Martínez de Rozas (1st time)
Ignacio de la Carrera (1st time)
Juan Enrique Rosales Fuentes (1st time)
Francisco Javier Renia







11 August 1811 4 September 1811 Second Junta (Provisional Executive Authority)
composed of:
Martín Calvo Encalada (1st time)
Juan José Aldunate Larraín
Juan Miguel Benavente
Francisco Javier del Sola




4 September 1811 15 November 1811 Third Junta (Executive Tribunal)
composed of:
Juan Martínez de Rozas (2nd time)
Martín Calvo Encalada (2nd time)
Juan Enrique Rosales Fuentes (2nd time)
Juan Mackenna
José Gaspar Marín y Esquivel (1st time)





15 November 1811 2 December 1811 Fourth Junta
composed of:
José Miguel Carrera y Verdugo (1st time)
José Gaspar Marín y Esquivel (2nd time)
Juan Martínez de Rozas (3rd time)



2 December 1811 14 March 1814 Fifth Junta
composed of:
José Miguel Carrera y Verdugo (2nd time, to November 1813)
José Miguel Infante
José Nicolas de la Cerda (from 16 December 1811)
Francisco Antonio Pérez Salas (1813 to 1814)
Ignacio de la Carrera (2nd time, to 3 October 1812)
Manuel Manso de Velasco (from 8 January 1812)
José Santiago Portalés (from 1812)
Pedro José Prado Jaraquemada (from October 1812)
Bernardo O'Higgins (from 29 November 1813)











Supreme Directors (1814)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
14 March 1814 23 July 1814 Francisco de la Lastra
23 July 1814 2 October 1814 Sixth Junta
composed of:
José Miguel Carrera (3rd time)
Julián Urivi
Manuel Muñoz Urzúa





Governors and Captains-general (in opposition to 10 October 1814 and from 12 January 1817)

In Chillánmarker, then Concepciónmarker

Term start Term end Name Political Party
12 December 1812 21 May 1813 Antonio Pareja
21 May 1813 1 January 1814 Juan Francisco Sánchez
1 January 1814 19 July 1814 Gabino Gaínza y Fernández de Medrano
19 July 1814 10 October 1814 Mariano Osorio

In Santiagomarker

Term start Term end Name Political Party
10 October 1814 26 December 1815 Mariano Osorio
26 December 1815 12 January 1817 Francisco Casimiro Marcó del Ponte Ángel Díaz y Méndez (1st time)

In Tacnamarker

Term start Term end Name Political Party
12 January 1817 4 January 1818 Francisco Casimiro Marcó del Ponte Ángel Díaz y Méndez
4 January 1818 5 April 1818 Francisco Antonio García Carrasco Díaz
5 April 1818 19 May 1819 Francisco Casimiro Marcó del Ponte Ángel Díaz y Méndez (2nd time)

Supreme Directors (1818-1826)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
16 January 1817 28 January 1823 Bernardo O'Higgins (acting to 12 February 1818)
28 January 1823 29 March 1823 Agustín Eyzaguirre (President of Interim Governing Junta)
29 March 1823 5 April 1823 Congress of Plenipotentiaries
composed of:
Juan Egaña Risco
Manuel Fernando Vásquez de Novoa
Manuel Antonio González Valenzuela



5 April 1823 13 August 1823 Ramón Freire (1st time, Director and Provisional Supreme Chief of State) Liberal Party
13 August 1823 2 September 1823 Deputy Supreme Junta
composed of:
Mariano Egaña Fabres
Santiago Fernández y González Barriga
Diego José Benavente y García de Bustamante



2 September 1823 9 July 1826 Ramón Freire (2nd time) Liberal Party

Presidents of the Republic of Chilemarker (1826-1932)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
9 July 1826 9 September 1826 Manuel Blanco Encalada (provisional)
9 September 1826 1 February 1827 Agustín Eyzaguirre (vice-president acting)
1 February 1827 8 May 1827 Ramón Freire (1st time) (provisional (in rebellion from 25 January 1827) to 15 February 1827) Liberal Party
8 May 1827 16 July 1829 Francisco Antonio Pinto (1st time, vice-president acting) Liberal Party
16 July 1829 19 October 1829 Francisco Ramón Vicuña (1st time, vice-president acting)
19 October 1829 2 November 1829 Francisco Antonio Pinto (2nd time) Liberal Party
2 November 1829 7 November 1829 Francisco Ramón Vicuña (2nd time, vice-president acting)
7 November 1829 13 November 1829 Ramón Freire (2nd time, President of the Government Junta) Liberal Party
8 November 1829 7 December 1829 Francisco Ramón Vicuña (3rd time) (vice-president acting (in rebellion to 13 November 1829))
7 December 1829 24 December 1829 Ramón Freire (3rd time, in charge of the Executive) Liberal Party
24 December 1829 18 February 1830 José Tomás Ovalle (1st time, President of the Government Junta) Conservative Party
18 February 1830 1 April 1830 Francisco Ruiz-Tagle (provisional)
1 April 1830 21 March 1831 José Tomás Ovalle (2nd time, acting) Conservative Party
21 March 1831 18 September 1831 Fernando Errázuriz ("accidental" to 22 March 1831, then acting)
18 September 1831 18 September 1841 José Joaquín Prieto Conservative Party
18 September 1841 18 September 1851 Manuel Bulnes Conservative Party
18 September 1851 18 September 1861 Manuel Montt Conservative Party
18 September 1861 18 September 1871 José Joaquín Pérez Conservative Party
18 September 1871 18 September 1876 Federico Errázuriz Zañartu Liberal Party
18 September 1876 18 September 1881 Aníbal Pinto Liberal Party
18 September 1881 18 September 1886 Domingo Santa María Liberal Party
18 September 1886 29 August 1891 José Manuel Balmaceda Liberal Party
29 August 1891 31 August 1891 Manuel Baquedano ("accidental" Chief of State) Military
31 August 1891 18 September 1896 Jorge Montt (President of Junta (in rebellion from 12 April 1891) to 10 November 1891; Head of the Executive to 26 December 1891) Military
18 September 1896 12 July 1901 Federico Errázuriz Echaurren Liberal Party
12 July 1901 18 September 1901 Aníbal Zañartu (vice-president acting) Liberal Party
18 September 1901 18 September 1906 Germán Riesco Liberal Alliance
18 September 1906 16 August 1910 Pedro Montt National Party
16 August 1910 6 September 1910 Elías Fernández (vice-president acting) Conservative Party
6 September 1910 23 December 1910 Emiliano Figueroa (1st time, vice-president acting) Liberal Party
23 December 1910 23 December 1915 Ramón Barros Luco Liberal Alliance
23 December 1915 23 December 1920 Juan Luis Sanfuentes Liberal Democratic Party
23 December 1920 12 September 1924 Arturo Alessandri (1st time) Liberal Party
12 September 1924 23 January 1925 Luis Altamirano (junta chairman) Military
23 January 1925 27 January 1925 Pedro Dartnell (junta chairman) Military
27 January 1925 1 October 1925 Arturo Alessandri (2nd time) Liberal Party
1 October 1925 23 December 1925 Luis Barros Borgoño (vice-president acting) Liberal Party
23 December 1925 10 May 1927 Emiliano Figueroa (2nd time) Liberal Party
10 May 1927 29 July 1931 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (1st time, acting to 21 July 1927) Military
29 July 1931 4 June 1932 Juan Esteban Montero (vice-president acting to 4 December 1931) Radical Party


Presidents of the Socialist Republic of Chile (1932)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
4 June 1932 16 June 1932 Arturo Puga (chairman Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile) Socialist Party
16 June 1932 13 September 1932 Carlos Dávila (chairman Junta of the Socialist Republic of Chile to 8 July 1932, then Provisional President of the Socialist Republic of Chile) Socialist Party

Presidents of the Republic of Chilemarker (1932-Present)

Term start Term end Name Political Party
13 September 1932 2 October 1932 Bartolomé Blanche (provisional)
2 October 1932 24 December 1932 Abraham Oyanedel (acting) Non-party
24 December 1932 24 December 1938 Arturo Alessandri (3rd time) Liberal Party
24 December 1938 25 November 1941 Pedro Aguirre Cerda Radical Party/Popular Front
25 November 1941 2 April 1942 Jerónimo Méndez (vice-president acting) Radical Party
2 April 1942 27 June 1946 Juan Antonio Ríos Radical Party/Democratic Alliance
27 June 1946 17 October 1946 Alfredo Duhalde (acting) Democratic Alliance
3 August 1946 17 October 1946 Vicente Merino (vice-president acting for Duhalde) Military/Democratic Alliance
17 October 1946 3 November 1946 Juan Antonio Iribarren (vice-president acting) Radical Party
3 November 1946 3 November 1952 Gabriel González Videla Radical Party/Democratic Alliance
3 November 1952 3 November 1958 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (2nd time) Popular Liberation Alliance
3 November 1958 3 November 1964 Jorge Alessandri Independent
3 November 1964 3 November 1970 Eduardo Frei Montalva Christian Democratic Party
3 November 1970 11 September 1973 Salvador Allende Socialist Party-Popular Unity
11 September 1973 27 June 1974 Government Junta
composed of:
Augusto Pinochet (chairman)
José Toribio Merino
Gustavo Leigh Guzmán
César Mendoza




Military
27 June 1974 11 March 1990 Augusto Pinochet (Supreme Head of the Nation to 17 December 1974) Military
11 March 1990 11 March 1994 Patricio Aylwin Christian Democratic Party
11 March 1994 11 March 2000 Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle Christian Democratic Party
11 March 2000 11 March 2006 Ricardo Lagos Party for Democracy
11 March 2006 Present Michelle Bachelet Socialist Party


Last election





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