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The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeriamarker. Officially styled President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and Commander-in-Chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces. The current President of Nigeria is Umaru Yar'Adua.

History

When Nigeria became a federal republic within the Commonwealth in 1963, it retained the parliamentary system of government inherited from the Britishmarker. Nnamdi Azikiwe, previously Governor General, became President, which was a ceremonial post, while Abubakar Tafawa Balewa remained Prime Minister.

However, in 1966 the military in Nigeria seized power, establishing a federal military dictatorship, and civilian rule was not restored until 1979.

Under the new constitution, modelled on that of the United Statesmarker, the office of President was an executive post, but in 1983 the military once again seized power. Although elections were held in 1993, the military government of Ibrahim Babangida annulled the election results presumed to have been won by Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, a wealthy industrialist. Abiola later died in capitivity, hours before he was expected to have been released. Civilian rule was not fully restored until 1999.

Eligibility

A person shall be eligible for the office of President if he or she is a citizen of Nigeriamarker, at least 40 years of age, is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that political party. The constitution limits the President to only two four-year terms in office.

Oath of office

The Constitution of Nigeria specifies an oath of office for the President of the federation. The oath is administered by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nigeria or the person for the time being appointed to exercise the functions of that office:

List of Heads of State Nigeria (1960-Present)

Latest election

See also



External links




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