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President of Romania: Map

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The President of Romania is the head of state of Romaniamarker. The President is directly elected by a two-round system for a five-year term (since 2004, after the Constitution was modified in 2003). An individual may serve two terms. During their term in office, the President may not be a member of any political party.

The current President of Romania is Traian Băsescu since 20 December 2004. On 20 April 2007 he was suspended from office. He re-assumed the office on 23 May 2007.

Suspension

An incumbent President who severely violates the Constitution can be suspended from office by the Parliament in joint session. If the suspension motion passes, there is a call for a referendum of dismissal within no more than 30 days from the suspension.

If the Senate and Chamber of Deputies, in joint session, accuses the President of high treason, the President is suspended from office by right. The accusations are judged by the High Court of Cassation and Justice. The incumbent President is dismissed by right if found guilty of high treason.

The first President to be suspended was Traian Băsescu, on 20 April 2007. He re-assumed the office on 23 May 2007, after the Referendum held on 19 May 2007.

Succession

If the office of President becomes vacant due to resignation or death, or the incumbent president is suspended from office, the first to replace him or her as Ad Interim President of Romania ( ) is the President of the Senate. If they are unable or unwilling to do so, the next person in line is the President of the Chamber of Deputies. Neither one loses relinquishes their position as President of their respective Legislative House. An Ad Interim President cannot address the Parliament, dissolve the Parliament, nor call for a referendum.

List of Leaders of Romania (1947-Present)

People's Republic of Romania (1947-1965) Socialist Republic of Romania (1965-1989)

Chairman of the Presidium of the Romanian People's Republic

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Constantin Parhon 30 December 1947 13 April 1948 Romanian Communist Party


Chairman of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Constantin Parhon 13 April 1948 2 June 1952 Romanian Workers' Party
Petru Groza 3 June 1952 7 January 1958 Romanian Workers' Party
Mihail Sadoveanu (acting) 7 January 1958 11 January 1958 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Anton Moisescu (acting) 7 January 1958 11 January 1958 Romanian Workers' Party
Ion Gheorghe Maurer 11 January 1958 21 March 1961 Romanian Workers' Party


Presidents of the Council of State

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej 21 March 1961 19 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
Ion Gheorghe Maurer (acting) 19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Ştefan Voitec (acting) 19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Avram Bunaciu (acting) 19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
Chivu Stoica 24 March 1965 9 December 1967 Romanian Workers' Party (until 1965), Romanian Communist Party (since 1965)
Nicolae Ceauşescu 9 December 1967 22 December 1989 Romanian Communist Party


President

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Nicolae Ceauşescu 28 March 1974 22 December 1989 (first President of Romania, deposed in Romanian Revolution) Romanian Communist Party


Romaniamarker (1989-Present)

The title is "President of Romania" ( ). Article 84 of the Romanian Constitution forbids the President to be member of any political party during their term (only).

Name Term start Term end
Council of the National Salvation Front 22 December 1989 26 December 1989
Ion Iliescu (1st time) (President of the Council of the National Salvation Front until 13 February 1990; President of the Provisional National Unity Council from 13 February 1990) 26 December 1989 20 June 1990
Ion Iliescu (2nd time) 20 June 1990 11 October 1992
Ion Iliescu (3rd time) 11 October 1992 29 November 1996
Emil Constantinescu 29 November 1996 20 December 2000
Ion Iliescu (4th time) 20 December 2000 20 December 2004
Traian Băsescu 20 December 2004 19 April 2007 (suspended)
Nicolae Văcăroiu (ad interim) 20 April 2007 23 May 2007
Traian Băsescu 23 May 2007 (resumed office) Present




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