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The President of Mauritius is the head of State and of Mauritiusmarker and all its Dependencies. He is also the commander-in-chief.

The president is elected by the National Assembly for term of five years; it is a largely ceremonial position. It is the highest ranking position and he or she is the highest paid civil servant, however the actual executive is the prime minister. The position was created in 1992 after Mauritius was declared a republic. It replaced the previous role of the Governors General, representative of the monarch. Being the head of state, the person accessing to the post cannot be appointed but is normally sworn to power by the constitution. It stipulates them to swear to fight for the country and also to honour the position. The president has the power to appoint the prime minister. The official residence is at the Château of Réduit which is found in Réduit.

The president precedes over all governmental position in the country.He/she is chosen out of qualifications and also is it seen that the country's all cultures must be represented by him or her.This is done by electing presidents of different religious and cultural background from the preceded one.

The President is the head of state as well lord governor of the all five principalities of the Country.He enjoys mostly legislative and ceremonial powers as most of the executive bills in parliament is held by the Prime Minister's office.

The Longest Serving President is Cassam Uteem serving in 2 full terms for 9 years. The Shortest serving President is Angidi Chettiar who was President for only 3 days from 15 February 2002 to 18 February 2002 due to his sudden resignation.

History

  • Pre-independence
Before gaining independence in 1968, it was the Monarch of the United Kingdom who served as sovereign of the dependency while the representative of head of state was a Viceroy or Governor.

  • 1968 – 1992
After obtaining independence in 1968, the head of state was the Monarch of Mauritius. The only person who reigned as the Mauritian monarch was Elizabeth II; she was represented by the Governor General.

  • After 1992
On 12 March 1992, Mauritius was declared a republic under a new constitution which made the head of state of the nation a president. Along with serving as head of state, the president also became the commander-in-chief.It is noted that actual President Sir Anerood Jugnauth was the main activist for fighting for the Republic and he is considered as "Father of the Republic".

Constitutional Position

The constitution of the country stipulates that there shall be a President who shall be the Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the Republic of Mauritius.

  • 1.The President shall be elected by the Assembly on a motion made by the Prime Minister and supported by the votes of a majority of all the members of the Assembly and subject to this section and section 30, hold office for a term of 5 years and shall be eligible for re-election.


  • 2. No person shall be eligible for election to the office of President unless he is a citizen of Mauritius who is not less than 40 years of age and has resided in Mauritius for a period of not less than 5 years immediately preceding the election.


The person elected to the office of President, he shall not, whilst in office,hold any other office of emolument, whether under the Constitution or otherwise exercise any profession or calling or engage in any trade or business.

The President at the expiry of his term, continues to hold office until another person assumes office as President.

He can be suspended or removed from the National Assembly on the basis of violation of the Constitution or any other serious act of misconduct,inability to perform his functions whether arising from infirmity of mind or body or from any other cause.

Where the office of President is vacant, or the President is absent from Mauritius or is for any other reason unable to perform the functions of his office, those functions shall be performed by the Vice-President or where there is no Vice-President –by the Chief Justice.

Powers

While the president is the head of state, they have no real power over the government. They president should not be in any political party while serving, though many served in a party in some other posting.

His or her job is to represent the country on international basis but not govern the country, it is the Prime Minister who governs. He nevertheless earns the highest salary in the government service.

The president resides at the Château of Réduit with his partner and the general secretary.

If the president does not agree to sign a bill, amendment or act on the second time that is has been put before them, they are given no other choice but to leave the office to make way for a new president. The president is nominated and elected by the National Assembly.

Privileges and immunities

(1) Subject to section 64(5), no civil or criminal proceedings shall lie against the President in respect of the performance by him of the functions of his office or in respect of any act done or purported to be done by him in the performance of those functions.

(2) Subject to section 64(5), no process, warrant or summons shall be issued or executed against the President during his term of office.

(3) The President is entitled to no payment of any rent or tax to the use of his official residence and to such emoluments, allowances and privileges, exempt from any tax thereon, as may be prescribed.

(4)The President of the Republic has also one very desired privilege .He can have mercy on any criminal and if the President is convinced of his innocence without the advice and on personal ground ,he/she may grace the criminal liberty and also a emptied police criminal file of that person.He may therefore only once during his term grace anyone of illegal acts and thus can free that person of any charges even of 1st degree of murder but he should prove the innocence of that individual.

(5)A former and Ex-President is also entitled to obtain a pension same as his latest salary in his office term. However during the revaluation of civil service salaries ,his pension may be increased up to the ratio of increase in the salary of actual president.One example ,if actual president's salary is increased by 30% ,therefore the pension of former presidents will also be increased by 30%.

Oaths

A person elected to the office of President or Vice-President or who assumes the functions of any of those offices shall, before assuming his functions, take and subscribe the appropriate oath as set out in the Third Schedule. An oath under this section shall be administered by the Chief Justice.

Chancellor

The president also serves as chancellor of the Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean, the highest order found in Mauritiusmarker. The president, on the recommendation of the prime minister, announces the list of honourees and personally decorates them. The order is received on Mauritius' Labour Day.

There is a specific number of people who can be elevated to the different grades decided with the consent of the President only.The others are given by the National Assembly.

Recently one Chief executive officer of Canadian origin was elevated by incumbent President,Sir Anerood Jugnauth at his own pleasure without the advise of the Parliament.

Salary

The president is the highest paid civil servant.He or she receives the Highest salary in entire civil servant as well as receives an annual duty allowance .
Period Annual Salary Monthly Salary Duty Allowances Office of the President Budget
2003 Rs 1,406,148
($47,000)
Rs 117,179
($ 3,900)
Rs 250,800 Rs 17 Millions
2004 Rs 1,506,000
($50,200)
Rs 125,250
($4,200)
Rs 250,800 Rs 25 Millions
2005 Rs 1,554,000
($51,800)
Rs 129,500
($ 4,300)
Rs 300,000 Rs 30 Millions
2007 Rs 2,520,000
($84,000)
Rs 210,000
($7,000)
Rs 300,000 Rs 37 millions
2008-2009 Rs 2,580,000
($ 86,000)
Rs 215,000
($ 7,167)
Rs 450,000 Rs 90 millions


Office of the President

The National Budget of the country have allocated the office of the President with Rs.30 millions for 6 months and this is to be increased as already to Rs 90.millions in 2010..It encounters all his workers and employed people in the service of the President.The actual number of people working for the president has been declared to be 99 in the Budget.

Objectives

The objects of the Office of the President are to issue writ of elections, organise the protocol to put in place the government and Leader of the Opposition, the Rodrigues Regional Assembly and the Executive Council and for the opening of the National Assembly and the prorogation or dissolution thereof. It holds various activities to mark holidays, processes files for the proper functioning of institutions as provided for under the Constitution (notably, the Public Service Commission, the Electoral Supervisory Commission, the Commission on the Prerogative of Mercy and the Electoral Boundaries Commission), the presentation of credentials by Ambassadors and High Commissioners to Mauritius and the appointment of Principal Representatives of Mauritius abroad. The office is also responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of the official residence comprising some of grounds.

Residence

The official residence of the President of Mauritius is Château of Réduit,Reduit,Ebene,Mokamarker. The president resides in the former residence of the Governors general .Official meetings are carried out in their office situated in the Old Mansion.The incumbent president had declared a budget allocated to the renovation of the big palace.The renovation started in 2002 and ended in 2003 and president Karl Offmann was provided with another living area due to construction disturbance.

le chateau de reduit


List of Presidents

No. Name Photo Took office Left office Party¹
1. Veerasamy Ringadoo 12 March 1992 30 June 1992 Militant Socialist Movement
2. Cassam Uteem 30 June 1992 15 February 2002 Mauritian Militant Movement
3. Angidi Chettiar 15 February 2002 18 February 2002 Mauritian Labour Party
4. Ariranga Pillay 18 February 2002 25 February 2002 Independent
5. Karl Offmann 25 February 2002 1 October 2003 Militant Socialist Movement
6. Raouf Bundhun 1 October 2003 7 October 2003 Militant Socialist Movement
7. Sir Anerood Jugnauth 7 October 2003 Imcubent Militant Socialist Movement
  1. http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/AssemblySite/menuitem.ee3d58b2c32c60451251701065c521ca/?content_id=03654555fc808010VgnVCM100000ca6a12acRCRD#president
  2. http://www.westmountexaminer.com/article-372407-Gervais-inducted-into-Mauritian-order.html
  3. http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/2003/bill27.doc
  4. http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite/file/2003/bill27.doc
  5. http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/assemblysite
  6. http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/mof/files/20082009/president.pdf


See also




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