The Full Wiki

More info on Preslav Literary School

Preslav Literary School: Map

Advertisements
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



The Preslav Literary School (Pliska Literary School) was the first literary school in the medieval Bulgarian Empiremarker. It was established by Boris I in 885 or 886 in Bulgariamarker's capital, Pliska. In 893, Simeon I moved the seat of the school from Pliska to the new capital, Preslavmarker.

The Preslav Literary School was the most important literary and cultural centre of Bulgariamarker and all Slavs until the capture and burning of Preslavmarker by the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimisces in 972. A number of prominent Bulgarian writers and scholars worked at the school, including Naum of Preslav (until 893), Constantine of Preslav, John Exarch, Chernorizets Hrabar, etc.The school was also a centre of translation, mostly of Byzantine authors, as well as of poetry, painting and painted ceramics.

The school is very likely to have had a key role in the development of the Cyrillic alphabet as the earliest datable Cyrillic inscriptions have been found in the area of Preslavmarker: in the medieval city itself, at nearby Patleina (also Shumen Provincemarker), Krepcha (present-day Targovishte Provincemarker), and Ravna (present-day Varna Provincemarker). At the latter, an unusually large number (over 200) of incriptions, in Old Bulgarian and other languages, many written by lay people, some obscene, some parallel, in Cyrillic and other alphabets, was found prompting Umberto Eco to label Ravna a 10th-century language laboratory. Another impressive body of 10th-century Cyrillic incriptions is presented by a number of leaden pendants, the bulk of which have also been found in the area of northeastern Bulgaria between Preslav and Varnamarker with a periphery reaching to the north into present-day southeastern Romaniamarker.

Preslav School scriptoria were scattered over much of present-day northeastern Bulgaria, including churches and monasteries at Preslav (remains of 25 churches have been found there), Pliska, Patleina, Khan Krum, Chernoglavtsi (all in present-day Shumen Provincemarker), Ravna, Varna, and Murfatlar in Dobruja (now in Romania).

References

  1. Curta, Florin, Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 500-1250 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks), Cambridge University Press (September 18, 2006), pp. 221-222
  2. Silent Communication: Graffiti from the Monastery of Ravna, Bulgaria. Studien Dokumentationen. Mitteilungen der ANISA. Verein für die Erforschung und Erhaltung der Altertümer, im speziellen der Felsbilder in den österreichischen Alpen (Verein ANISA: Grömbing, 1996) 17. Jahrgang/Heft 1, 57-78
  3. Curta, Florin, Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 500-1250 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks), Cambridge University Press (September 18, 2006), p. 222
  4. The scriptorium of the Ravna monastery: once again on the decoration of the Old Bulgarian manuscripts 9th-10th c.] . In: Medieval Christian Europe: East and West. Traditions, Values, Communications. Eds. Gjuzelev, V. and Miltenova, A. (Sofia: Gutenberg Publishing House, 2002), 719-726 (with K. Popkonstantinov)
  5. Popkonstantinov, Kazimir, Die Inschriften des Felsklosters Murfatlar. In: Die slawischen Sprachen 10, 1986, S. 77-106.


See also




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message