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Prince Gallitzin State Park is a Pennsylvania state park in Chestmarker and Whitemarker Townships, Cambria Countymarker, Pennsylvaniamarker in the United States. The park is home to Glendale Lake a man-made lake. It has and large campground with campsites on the lake shore. Prince Gallitzin State Park park was named in honor of Prince Demetrius Gallitzin, a Russian nobleman turned Roman Catholic missionary priest who founded the nearby town of Loretto, Pennsylvaniamarker. The park is just off Pennsylvania Routes 553 and 53 just east of Pattonmarker.

History

Russian nobleman turned Catholic missionary

Demetris Gallitzin was born on December 22, 1770 at The Haguemarker in the Netherlandsmarker. His name is a form of Galitzine, the Russianmarker princely family in which he was born. His father, Dimitri Alexeievich Galitzine (1735-1803), Russian ambassador to the Netherlandsmarker, was an intimate friend of Voltaire and a follower of Diderot; so, too, for many years was his mother, Countess Adelheid Amalie Gallitzin (1748-1806), until a severe illness in 1786 led her back to the Roman Catholic Church, in which she had been raised.

At the age of 17, Demetrius was received into the Roman Catholic Church. He then served as an aide-de-camp to the commander of the Austrianmarker troops in Brabant; but, following the assassination of the king of Swedenmarker, he, like all other foreigners, was dismissed from the service.

Gallitzin left Europe for the United Statesmarker in 1792 where he landed in Baltimoremarker. It was soon after his arrival that he decided to enter the priesthood. He was ordained in March 1795 and was one of the first Roman Catholic priests ordained in America. After several years serving as a missionary in southern Pennsylvania and Marylandmarker, Father Gallitzin founded the settlement of Loretto, Pennsylvaniamarker in what is now Cambria County, Pennsylvaniamarker in 1799. Loretto was an expansion of a smaller settlement established by Michael McGuire in 1788. When McGuire died in 1793, he donated "McGuire's Settlement" to the Catholic Church in America for the establishment of a Catholic community.
Demetrius Augustine Gallitzin - founder of Loretto, Pennsylvania and namesake of Prince Gallitzin State Park


With Gallitzin's leadership, Loretto became the first English-speaking Roman Catholic settlement in the United States west of the Allegheny Front. In addition to McGuire's patrimony, Gallitzin is believed to have spent $150,000 (USD) of his own funds later, to purchase some additional , which it is said he gave or sold at low prices to newly arriving Catholic settlers. Father Gallitzin worked to build Loretto by establishing a gristmill, tannery, and sawmill in the town. He also was instrumental in the education of the children of the area and served as a doctor, banker and lawyer for many of the citizens of Loretto.

Gallitzin died at Loretto on May 6, 1840 and was buried near St. Michael's church in Loretto. Father Gallitzin has been honored in the places names of several locations in Pennsylvania, including Gallitzinmarker and Gallitzin Springs.On June 6, 2005, it was announced that Gallitzin had been named a Servant of God by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, the first step on the path toward possible future sainthood.

Establishment of the park

Establishing a park near Patton was first discussed during the Great Depression of the 1930s. The National Park Service discussed plans for opening a Recreation Demonstration Area just to the east of Patton on Beaverdam Run. The project was proposed and approved but was never put into place.

The subject of building a park came up again in 1955. The Patton Chamber of Commerce proposed building a dam in the Killbuck area. They met with Maurice K. Goddard who was at the time the secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Forests and Waters a forerunner to the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. The idea was approved and on April 4, 1957 Governor George M. Leader announced plans for the construction of the park. The park was funded by monies gained from oil and natural gas leases. Central to the park plans was the building of Glendale Dam and the formation of Glendale Lake. Groundbreaking at the park was held on May 3, 1958 and the lake began to fill on December 2, 1960. The park was finally dedicated on May 29, 1965 by Governor William Scranton.

Recreation

Prince Gallitzin is he home to several different types of outdoor recreation. Glendale Lake is open to fishing and boating. There are 12 miles (19.31supkm) of trails open for hiking and in some locations equestrian, mountain biking, and snowmobiling. There are over 1,000 picnic tables at the park. Visitors interested in staying over night can use one of 437 campsites or rent one of the 10 cabin at Prince Gallitzin State Park.

Glendale Lake

Glendale Lake is a major boating destination along the Allegheny Front. Boats up to 20 horsepower are permitted on the lake. There are nine boat launches and 2 marinas at Glendale Lake. Services provided at the marinas include boat rental, boat repair, and fuel sales. All boats must have a current registration from any state or a launch permit from the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. Glendale Lake is a warm water fishery. The common game fish are pike, muskellunge, bass, perch, crappie and bluegill. Bow fishing is permitted at Prince Gallitzin State Park. The beach at Glendale Lake is open from late-May until mid-September. Lifeguards are not posted. Swim at your own risk.

Hunting

Hunting is permitted at Prince Gallitzin State Park. Hunters are expected to follow the rules and regulations of the Pennsylvania Game Commission. The common game species are squirrel, turkey, white-tailed deer, Ruffed Grouse, and rabbits. The hunting of groundhogs is prohibited.

Trails

The trailhead for most of the hiking trails is located near the campground along Crooked Run.

  • Crooked Run Trail - is an easy hiking trail. It passes along Crooked Run through a hemlock and hardwood forest. The trail is a loop near where Crooked Run enters Glendale Lake. The parts of the trail nearest the lake pass through a marsh. The trail is therefore wet in places and there are some exposed roots.


  • Turkey Ridge Trail - is an easy to moderate hiking trail. The trail offers the chance to see a variety of bird and animal species as it passes through several different habitats.


  • Exercise Trail - is an easy hiking trail. The mowed grass trail has 20 exercise stations spread along the course of the path as it passes through an open field.


  • Peninsula Area Trail - is an easy to moderate trail that varies in length depending on where one enters the trail. The peninsula is covered with mature second growth oak forest. There is little undergrowth in the forest. This makes Glendale Lake visible from most locations on the peninsula.




  • Footprint Trail - is an easy to moderate hiking trail. The trail climbs a small hill overlooking Glendale Lake. Several benches are located on the trail for resting and birdwatching.


  • Forest Trail - is an easy hiking trail. Visitors will most likely be encountered by chattering red squirrel as they hike through their habitat of beech, hemlock, and maple trees.


  • Lakeshore Trail - is an easy hiking trail in a forest along the shores of Glendale Lake.


  • Poems Trail - is an easy hiking trail. There are many poems on trailmakers spread along the course of the trail. Each poem is about a different aspect of nature inspired by the natural surroundings of Prince Gallitzin State Park.


  • Point Trail - is a moderate hiking trail. There are many exposed roots and several windblown trees along the trail. The trail follows the shore of Glendale Lake before climbing a small hill.


Nearby state parks

The following state parks are within of Prince Gallitzin State Park:

References

  1. Note: shows Prince Gallitzin State Park

External links




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