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Luisa Maria Amelia Teresa of Bourbon, Princess of Naples and Sicily, Grand Duchess Consort of Tuscany (Naplesmarker, 27 July 1773 - Viennamarker, 19 September 1802) was a Princess of the Naples and Sicily and wife of the third Habsburg Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Biography

Luisa Maria Amelia Teresa di Borbone, Principessa di Napoli e Sicilia was born at the Royal Palacemarker in Naplesmarker, her father was the future King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his wife, born Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria; her paternal grandparents were Charles III of Spain and his Saxonmarker wife Maria Amalia of Saxony; her maternal grandparents were Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Austria. She was one of 18 children, 7 of which survived into adulthood.

On 15 August 1790, she married her double first cousin, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria. The wedding ceremony took place in Florencemarker. Florence was the capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany which had been ruled by her husband since the beginning of the year. Her husband ruled the Grand Duchy till 1801, when in the Treaty of Aranjuez, he was forced by Napoleon to make way for the Kingdom of Etruria.

The couple went into exile and lived in Vienna which was the capital of the Austrian Empiremarker which was ruled by Archduke Ferdinand's older brother, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor; later on Ferdinand was compensated by being given the secularized lands of the Archbishop of Salzburg as Grand-Duke of Salzburg.

Maria Luisa died in childbirth the next year at the Hofburg Imperial Palacemarker in Vienna; the princess is buried in the Imperial Crypt with her stillborn son in her arms. Her husband outlived her by 23 years, had his Tuscan title revived in 1814 after the title having been held by Elisa Bonaparte; he also married again on 6 May 1821 to Princess Maria Anna of Saxony; there was no issue from this marriage.

Issue

Their children were:
  1. Archduchess Carolina Ferdinanda Teresa (Carolina Ferdinanda Theresia) (Florencemarker, 2 August 1793 - Viennamarker, 5 January 1802)
  2. Archduke Francesco Leopoldo of Tuscany (Franz Leopold) (Florencemarker, 15 December 1794 - Viennamarker, 18 March 1800)
  3. Archduke Leopold Johann Joseph Franz Ferdinand Karl of Tuscany (1797 - 1870), Grand Duke of Tuscany between 1824-1859; married first Princess Maria Anna of Saxony and had issue; then married secondly his first cousin Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies and had issue; it is through the latter line that the present titular rulers of the Two-Sicilies are descended;
  4. Archduchess Maria Luisa Giuseppa Cristina Rosa of Tuscany (Florencemarker, 30 August 1799 - Florencemarker, 15 June 1857)
  5. Archduchess Maria Teresa Franziska Josepha Johanna Benedikta of Tuscany (1801 - 1855). Married Charles Albert of Sardinia and had iissue; present Italian pretender Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples is a descendnt of Maria Luisa;
  6. Archduke X of Tuscany (1802 - 1802), stillborn



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