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Princess Máxima of the Netherlands (née Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti; born 17 May 1971) is the spouse of Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, heir apparent to the throne of the Netherlands.

Early life and education

Princess Máxima was born as Máxima Zorreguieta in Buenos Airesmarker, Argentinamarker, on 17 May 1971. Máxima is the daughter of Jorge Horacio Zorreguieta Stefanini (born in Buenos Airesmarker, 28 January 1928), a farmer and a politician, who would later be under-secretary of Agriculture under Jorge R. Videla's junta and afterwards President of the Centro Azucarero Argentino (since 1984) and President of the Fundación Vasco-Argentina Juan de Garay (since 1995), son of a Basque Argentine father and an Italian Argentine and a descendant of some Basque nobility , María del Carmen Cerruti Carricart (b. Pergaminomarker, 8 September 1944), daughter of Basque-Argentine parents and who also had some Basque Noble ancestry. She has two brothers, a sister and three half-sisters by her father's first wife Marta López Gil (b. 1935), whom he married in 1956, later divorcing.

A former investment banker, she graduated with a degree in Economics from the Universidad Católica Argentinamarker in 1995 before working for large international companies in Finance in Argentinamarker, New Yorkmarker and Europe.

Relationship with Prince Willem-Alexander

Máxima Zorreguieta and Prince Willem-Alexander met in April 1999 in Sevilla, Spainmarker, during the Seville Spring Fair, also known as the "Feria de abril de Sevilla." This is an important annual event, to which many people from other countries come and dress in typical Spanish Andalusianmarker costume. In an interview, they stated that he introduced himself only as "Alexander," so that she did not know he was a prince. She thought he was joking when he told her he was a Prince. They agreed to meet in New York, where Máxima was working for Dresdner Kleinwort Benson, two weeks later. Their relationship apparently began in New York, but the Princess did not meet the Prince's parents, Queen Beatrix and Prince Claus, for some time.

The news of the couple's relationship and eventual marriage plans caused controversy in the Netherlands. Máxima's father had been the Minister of Agriculture during the regime of former Argentine President Jorge Rafael Videla, a military dictator who ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1981 and who was responsible for many atrocities against civilians (An estimated 10,000–30,000 people disappeared during this and subsequent military regimes before democracy was restored to Argentinamarker in 1983). Jorge Zorreguieta claimed that, as a civilian, he was unaware of the Dirty War while he was a cabinet minister. Professor Baud, who on request of the Dutch Parliament did an inquiry in the involvement of Zorreguieta, concluded that would it have been unlikely for a person in such a powerful position in the government to be unaware of the Dirty War.. However, the research determined that Máxima's father had not been directly involved with the many deaths in question. Even so, his possible presence at the royal wedding was debated for several months.

Approval for the marriage was granted by the Dutch parliament (necessary by law for the Prince of Orange to remain heir to the throne), but Máxima's father offered not to attend the wedding. Out of solidarity with her husband, Máxima's mother also remained absent from the wedding on 2 February 2002 in Amsterdammarker.

Dual citizenship

Máxima was granted Dutch nationality on 17 May 2001. This provoked complaints since such a grant before marriage is not customary in the Netherlands (but required by Dutch law for a royal bride). Under normal circumstances, citizenship takes several years to obtain. The Princess has dual citizenship: Argentine and Dutch.

Máxima was also made Princess of the Netherlands some days before the wedding by Her Majesty Queen Beatrix.

Contrary to popular belief, Máxima remained a Roman Catholic instead of converting to the denomination of the Prince, although they agreed that their children would be raised as Protestants.

Earlier the marriages of Princess Irene and Princess Christina to Roman Catholics, without approval from the Dutch parliament, led to their exclusion from the line of succession to the Dutch throne.

Marriage and children

The couple announced their engagement on 30 March 2001. Princess Máxima addressed the nation in fluent Dutch during the directly televised broadcast on the occasion of the engagement.

Princess Máxima and Prince Willem-Alexander were married on 2 February 2002 in a civil ceremony in the Beurs van Berlagemarker, Amsterdammarker which was then followed by a religious ceremony at the Nieuwe Kerk (also in Amsterdam).

Issue

Name Birth Birthplace
Princess Catharina-Amalia Beatrix Carmen Victoria 7 December 2003 The Haguemarker
Princess Alexia Juliana Marcela Laurentien 26 June 2005 The Haguemarker
Princess Ariane Wilhelmina Máxima Inés 10 April 2007 The Haguemarker


The second names of all three of their daughters are after Dutch queens: Amalia's for her grandmother, Queen Beatrix, Alexia's for her great-grandmother, Queen Juliana and Ariane's for her great-great-grandmother, Queen Wilhelmina.

Princess Máxima is also godmother to two royal babies: Countess Leonore of Orange-Nassau (daughter of Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands) and of Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway (son of Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway).

Titles and predicate

  • Miss Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti (1971–2002)
  • Her Royal Highness Máxima, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Mrs. van Amsberg (Since 2 February 2002)


By Royal Decree of 25 January 2002, nr. 41, upon the solemnization of the marriage, Máxima Zorreguieta was taken up into the Dutch nobility with the titles Princess of the Netherlands and Princess of Orange-Nassau and the predicate Royal Highness was granted to her. Although she is married to The Prince of Orange, she is not (even by courtesy) entitled to use The Princess of Orange, as this title is legally reserved for the female heir apparent to the Dutch throne.

By Royal Decree of 25 January 2002, nr. 42, Princess Máxima was granted her own personal coat of arms and a personal standard.

Work as Princess of the Netherlands

Princess Máxima pregnant
Princess Máxima focuses on the issue of integration of immigrants into Dutch culture. She was a member of a special parliamentary commission, which sought to recommend ways to increase the participation of female immigrants in the workforce. Princess Máxima stresses the importance of learning the Dutch language, as she did, for immigrants to fully participate in Dutch society.

Princess Máxima was a member of the Advisors Group for United Nations International Year of the Microcredit 2005. She undertook a trip to different locations in the world to promote Microcredit, including Africa and various South American countries. She has also attended many UN functions related to the International Year of the Microcredit. She participates in conferences around the world representing the Netherlands. The Princess was granted a seat in the Council of State, the highest advisory body and court of administration (established by Emperor Charles V in 1531). She became a member of the Committee for Ethnic Minority Women’s Participation, has a seat in the board of governors of the Chair on the Management of Diversity and Integration at the Free University of Amsterdammarker, she (along with her husband) is a patron of the Orange Fund (established to promote social welfare and cohesion in the Netherlands), and also chairs the Board of Trustees of the Prince Claus Chair of the University of Utrecht. The Princess was appointed in September 2009 by the UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-Moon, as his Special Advocate for Inclusive Finance for Development because of her "extensive knowledge and expertise" on financial matters in developing countries.

Máxima toured all across the Netherlands and visited different countries in the past years on official visits and state visits with the Queen, including Norwaymarker, Denmarkmarker, Spainmarker, Italymarker, Belgiummarker, the Baltic States, Uganda, Kenyamarker, Ghanamarker, Brazilmarker, Argentinamarker, Japanmarker, U.S.marker, Turkeymarker, Chilemarker, Moroccomarker, Indiamarker, Burmamarker, Australia, New Zealandmarker, Arubamarker, Thailandmarker, Cameroonmarker, Russiamarker, Qatarmarker, Omanmarker, the United Arab Emiratesmarker and the Antilles.

She is one of the few royals in the world to be a supporter of gay rights and was the first royal to attend an LGBT rights conference. The Princess signed an accord at the end of the conference calling for the full acceptance of gays in The Netherlands. "The Princess is in favor of equal rights of all groups in the Netherlands," her spokesperson said. Queen Beatrix has spoken out a number of times in support of LGBT rights.

References

External links




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