Prithvi Narayan Shah, King of Nepal
(1723 - 1775
A.D.; Nepali: पृथ्वी नारायण शाह) was a Nepali nobleman.
He was the
ninth generation descendant of Dravya
Shah (1559 - 1570 A.D.), the founder of the ruling house of
Prithvi Narayan Shah succeeded his father King Nara Bhupal Shah
to the throne of Gorkha in
Prithvi Narayan Shah's successful entry began with the union of
Nuwakot, which lies between Kathmandu and Gorkha District,
in 1744 A.D. After Nuwakot, he took possession of
strategic points in the hills surrounding the Kathmandu
King Prithvi Narayan Shah
The Valley's communications with the
outside world were thus cut off. The occupation of the Kuti Pass
in about 1756 A.D. stopped the valley's
trade with Tibet
lt.King Prithvi Narayan Shah entered the Valley, after conquering
Consequently Jaya Prakash Malla of Kathmandu managed
to escape with his wife and took asylum in Patan. When the conquest was extended to Patan a few
weeks later both Jaya Prakash Malla and the King of Patan, Tej Narsingh Malla, took refuge in
Bhaktapur, which was also conquered after some time.
Thus King Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered the Kathmandu Valley and
made Kathmandu the capital of the Nepal in 1769 A.D. Once the
foundation of the Kingdom of Nepal was thus laid, King Prithvi
Narayan Shah turned his attention towards the east. The Sena
Kingdom of Choudandi
conquered by 1773 A.D. and Vijaypur
another Sena Kingdom was annexed shortly after.
Nepal at that time extended from the Punjab to Sikkim and was
almost twice as large in land area as it is today.
King Prithvi Nārāyaṇ Shah had sealed his border and maintained
peaceful but distant relations with the British, refusing to trade
with them. He died before he could effectively organize the
administration of his new country. He died in January, 1775 A.D. at
the age of 52. Upon his death, Prithvi Nārāyaṇ was succeeded by his
son, Pratāp Singh Shah.
Notes and references