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The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually by the Hyatt Foundation to honor "a living architect whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built environment through the art of architecture". Founded in 1979 by Jay A. Pritzker and his wife Cindy, the award is funded by the Pritzker family and is considered to be one of the world's premier architecture prizes; it is often referred to as the Nobel Prize of architecture. The prize is awarded "irrespective of nationality, race, creed, or ideology"; the recipients receive US$100,000, a citation certificate, and since 1987, a bronze medallion. The Latin inscription on the reverse of the medallion—firmitas, utilitas, venustas (English: firmness, commodity and delight)—is inspired by Roman architect Vitruvius. Before 1987, a limited edition Henry Moore sculpture accompanied the monetary prize.

The Executive Director of the prize, as of 2009, Martha Thorne, solicits nominations from a range of people including past Laureates, academics, critics and others "with expertise and interest in the field of architecture". Any licensed architect can also make a personal application for the prize before 1 November every year. The jury, each year consisting of five to nine "experts ... recognized professionals in their own fields of architecture, business, education, publishing, and culture", deliberate early the following year before announcing the winner in spring.

Inaugural winner Philip Johnson was cited "for 50 years of imagination and vitality embodied in a myriad of museums, theaters, libraries, houses, gardens and corporate structures". The 2004 laureate Zaha Hadid is the only female prize winner. Christian de Portzamparc is the youngest winner, being 50 in 1994 at the time of the award. The 33rd and most recent winner Peter Zumthor was cited for "paring down architecture to its barest yet most sumptuous essentials".


Year Laureate Nationality Example work (year completed) Ceremony location Ref(s)
1979 Glass Housemarker (1949) Dumbarton Oaksmarker
1980 Ciudad Satélitemarker (1957) Dumbarton Oaksmarker
1981 Seeley Historical Librarymarker (1968) National Building Museummarker
1982 Knights of Columbus Buildingmarker (1969) Art Institute of Chicagomarker
1983 National Gallery of Artmarker, East Building (1978) Metropolitan Museum of Artmarker
1984 High Museum of Artmarker (1983) National Gallery of Artmarker
1985 Abteiberg Museummarker (1982) The Huntington Librarymarker
1986 Iglesia Youth Center Library (1968) Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths
1987 American Medical Association headquarters (1987) Kimbell Art Museummarker
1988 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Librarymarker (1963) Art Institute of Chicagomarker
1988 Cathedral of Brasíliamarker (1958) Art Institute of Chicagomarker

Santa Monica Place (1980) Tōdai-jimarker
1990 Bonnefanten Museummarker (1990) Palazzo Grassimarker
1991 National Gallery marker, Sainsbury Wing (1991) Palacio de Iturbide
1992 Pavilion of Portugal in Expo'98marker (1998) Harold Washington Librarymarker
1993 Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasiummarker (1991) Prague Castlemarker
1994 French Embassy, Berlin (2003) The Commons, Columbus, Indianamarker
1995 Nagaragawa Convention Centermarker (1995) Palace of Versaillesmarker
1996 Kursaal Palacemarker (1999) Getty Centermarker
1997 Norwegian Glacier Museum (1991) Guggenheim Museum Bilbaomarker
1998 Kansai International Airportmarker (1994) White Housemarker
1999 Millennium Bridge marker (2000) Altes Museummarker
2000 Second Stage Theatre (1999) Jerusalem Archaeological Park
2001 Herzog & de Meuron Tate Modernmarker (2000) Monticellomarker
2002 Berowra Waters Inn (1983) Michelangelo's Campidogliomarker
2003 Sydney Opera Housemarker (1973) Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernandomarker
2004 Bridge Pavilion (2008) Hermitage Museummarker
2005 San Francisco Federal Buildingmarker (2007) Pritzker Pavilion, Millennium Parkmarker
2006 Estádio Serra Douradamarker (1975) Dolmabahçe Palacemarker
2007 Lloyd's buildingmarker (1986) Banqueting Housemarker, Whitehallmarker
2008 Torre Agbarmarker (2005) Library of Congressmarker
2009 Therme Valsmarker (1996) Legislative Palace of the City Council, Buenos Aires


A.  Roche was born in Ireland.
B.  Pei was born in China.
C.  Gehry was born in Canada.
D.  Hadid was born in Iraq.

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