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Prosopis is a genus of about 45 species of leguminous spiny trees and shrubs found in subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas, Africa and southwest Asia. They often thrive in arid soil and are resistant to droughts, on occasion developing extremely deep root systems. Their wood is usually hard, dense and durable. Their fruits are pod and may contain large amounts of sugar.

Species

Some of the species in this genus are:

Phytochemistry

Prosopis has been found to contain 5-hydroxytryptamine, apigenin, isorhamnetin-3-diglucoside, l-arabinose, quercetin, tannin and tryptamine.

Prosopis Species Known to Contain Alkaloids
Prosopis alba Beta-phenethylamine and tryptamine
Prosopis alpataco "Aerial parts" contain tryptamine. Phenethylamine derivatives.
Prosopis argentina "Aerial parts" contain tryptamine. Phenethylamine derivatives.
Prosopis chilensis "Aerial parts" contain beta-phenethylamine and derivatives plus tryptamine
Prosopis argentina Exudate contains tryptamine. Phenethylamine derivatives.
Prosopis glandulosa Alkaloids in bark and roots, tyramine and N-methyltyramine (a stimulant) in leaves
Prosopis juliflora 5-HTP (plant) and tryptamine (plant).
Prosopis nigra Harman, eleagnine and N-acetyltryptamine
Prosopis pugionata "Aerial parts" contain tryptamine. Phenethylamine derivatives.
Prosopis tamarugo Phenethylamine


Photos

Image:Prosopis_algarrobilla.jpg|
Prosopis affinis
Image:Prosopis_alba.jpg|
Prosopis alba
Image:Prosopis_caldenia.jpg|
Prosopis caldenia
Image:Prosopis cineraria.jpg|
Prosopis cineraria
Image:Prosopis-glandulosa-habit.jpg|
Prosopis glandulosa
Image:Prosopis juliflora.jpg|
Prosopis juliflora
Image:Prosopis_kuntzei.jpg|
Prosopis kuntzei
Image:Prosopis nigra 1b.JPG|
Prosopis nigra
Image:Prosopis pallida.jpg|
Prosopis pallida
Image:Prosopis pubescens inflorescence 2003-06-02.jpg|
Prosopis pubescens
Image:Prosopis chilensis.JPG|
Prosopis chilensis

Chilean Algarrobo


References

Notes



General References



See also



External links




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