Prostitution in Germany is
legal, and so are brothels.
A German prostitute's self-portrait in
a brothel, 1999.
the government changed the law in an effort to improve the legal
situation of prostitutes. However, the social stigmatization of
prostitutes persists, forcing most prostitutes to lead a double life
. Authorities consider the common
exploitation of women from Eastern
to be the main problem associated with the
Extent of prostitution
Studies in the early 1990s estimated that about 50,000–200,000
women and some men worked as prostitutes in Germany. The
International Encyclopedia of Sexuality
, published in
1997, reports that over 100,000 women work in prostitution in
Germany. A 2005 study gave 200,000 as a "halfway realistic
estimate". The prostitutes' organization HYDRA
number at 400,000, and this number is typically quoted in the press
today. In 2007, about half of the prostitutes were estimated to be
From other studies, it is estimated that between 10% and 30% of the
male adult population have had experiences with prostitutes. Of
those 17-year-old males in West Germany with experience of
intercourse, 8% have had sex with a prostitute.
Forms (female prostitution)
) Regular street prostitution is often quite
well organized and controlled by pimps. Some prostitutes have a
nearby caravan, others use the customer's car, still others use
hotel rooms. With recent economic problems, in some large cities
"wild" street prostitution has started to appear: areas where women
work temporarily out of short-term financial need.
Prostitution for the procurement of narcotics
In every major German city there are prostitutes who offer their
services to procure drugs. This often takes place near the main
railway stations, while the act usually takes place in the
customer's car or in a nearby rented room. These prostitutes are
the most desperate, often underage, and their services are
generally the cheapest. Pimps
owners try to avoid drug-addicted prostitutes, as they are inclined
to spend their earnings solely or primarily on drugs. Other
prostitutes tend to look down on them as well, because they are
considered as lowering the market prices.
In a unique effort to move drug-addicted streetwalkers out of the
city center and reduce violence against these women, the city of
in 2001 created a special area for
tolerated street prostitution in Geestemünder Straße
Dealers and pimps are not tolerated, the parking places have alarm
buttons, and the women are provided with a cafeteria, showers,
clean needles and counseling. The project, modeled on the Dutch tippelzones, is
supervised by an organization of Catholic women.
scientific evaluation was published in 2004.
In bars, women try to induce men to buy expensive drinks along with
the sexual services. Sex usually takes place in a separate but
attached building. Prices are mostly set by the bar owner, and the
money is shared between the owner and the prostitute.
) An eros center is a house or street
) where women can rent small one-room
apartments for some 80-150 euro
per day. They
then solicit customers from the open door or from behind a window.
Prices are normally set by the prostitutes; they start at 30-50
euros for short-time sex. The money is not shared with the brothel
owner. Security and meals are provided by the owner. The women may
even live in their rooms, but most do not. Minors, and women not
working in the eros center are not allowed to enter. Eros centers
exist in almost all larger German cities. The most famous is the
Herbertstraße near the Reeperbahn in Hamburg.
largest brothel in Europe is the eros center Pascha in
Cologne, a 12 story building with some 120
rooms for rent and several bars.
Brothels of all kinds advertise for sex workers in the weekly
female-orientated magazine Heim und Welt
) There are many of these advertised in the
daily newspapers. Sometime run by a single woman, sometimes by a
group of roommates and sometimes as safehouses for traffickers,
with the women being moved around on a weekly basis.
Partytreffs and Pauschalclubs
These are a variation on partner-swapping swing
with (sometimes, but not always) paid prostitutes in
attendance, as well as 'amateur' women and couples. Single men pay
a flat-rate entrance charge of about 80 to 120 euros, which
includes food, drink and unlimited sex sessions, with the added
twist that these are performed in the open in full view of all the
guests. Women normally pay a low or zero entrance charge.
FKK clubs or Sauna clubs
A prostitute's customer in a Berlin
Typically, these are houses or large buildings, often with swimming
pool and sauna, a large 'meet and greet' room with bar and buffet
on the ground floor, TV/video screens, and bedrooms on the upper
floor(s). Operating hours are usually from late morning until after
midnight. Women are typically nude or topless, men may wear robes
or towels. Men and women often pay the same entrance fee, from 35
to 70 euros, including use of all facilities, food and drinks (soft
drinks and beer, most FKKs do not allow liquor). Some clubs will
admit couples. The women who work there keep all money they receive
from customers. Prices may not be set by the clubs' owners by
German anti-pimping laws, but typically the women in one club all
agree on set fees from 25 to 100 euro for a 20 to 60 minute
session. In some clubs the money is shared between prostitute and
owner, which technically is illegal. -- This form of
prostitution, which was mentioned in the rationale of the 2002
prostitution law as providing good working conditions for the
women, exists all over Germany and parts of the Netherlands, but
mainly in the Rhein-Ruhrgebiet and in the
area around Frankfurt am
Main. Among the largest clubs of this type are:
Artemis in Berlin, opened in
the fall of 2005, Samya in Cologne, the new
Harem in Bad
Lippspringe and the long
established Oase in the countryside near Bad Homburg, as well as hundreds of others.
nudist resorts in Germany have nothing to do with sex work, and
customers that mistake them for brothels will have some
(Begleitagenturen) Escort services,
where the customer calls to have a woman meet him at home or at a
hotel for sexual services, exist in Germany as well, but are not
nearly as prevalent as in the U.S.
For special target group
Sexual services for the disabled. The agency
Sensis in Wiesbaden connects prostitutes with disabled
customers. Nina de Vries
somewhat controversially provides sexual services to severely
mentally disabled men and has been repeatedly covered in the
A comparatively small number of males offer sexual services to
females, usually in the form of escort services, meeting in hotels.
The vast majority of male prostitutes serve male clients.
Prostitution is legal in Germany. Prostitutes may work as regular
employees with contract, though the vast majority work
independently. Brothels are registered businesses that do not need
a special brothel license; if food and alcoholic drinks are
offered, the standard restaurant license is required.
Prostitutes have to pay income taxes and even have to charge
for their services, to be paid to the tax
office. In practice, prostitution is a cash business and taxes are
not always paid, though enforcement has recently been strengthened.
Rhine-Westfalia, Baden Württemberg and Berlin have
initiated a system where prostitutes have to pay their taxes in
advance, a set amount per day, to be collected and paid to tax
authorities by the brothel owners.
charges 25 euros per day per prostitute, while Berlin charges 30
euros. In May 2007 authorities were considering plans for a uniform
country-wide system charging 25 euros per day.
The first city in Germany to introduce an explicit prostitution tax
. The tax was initiated early in
2004 by the city council led by a coalition of the conservative
. This tax applies
cinemas, sex fairs,
massage parlors, and prostitution. In the case of prostitution, the
tax amounts to 150 euros per month and working prostitute, to be
paid by brothel owners or by privately working prostitutes. (The
area Geestemünder Straße
mentioned above is exempt.)
Containment of prostitution was one explicitly stated goal of the
tax. In 2006 the city took in 828,000 euros through this tax.
Until 2002, prostitutes and brothels were technically not allowed
to advertise, but that prohibition was not enforced. The Bundesgerichtshof ruled in July 2006 that, as a consequence of the
new prostitution law, advertising of sexual services is no longer
Before the law and still now, many newspapers carry
daily ads for brothels and for women working out of apartments.
Many prostitutes and brothels have websites on the Internet. In
addition, sex shops and newsstands sell magazines specializing in
advertisements of prostitutes ("Happy Weekend", "St Pauli
Nachrichten", "Sexy" and many more).
Every city has the right to zone off certain areas where
prostitution is not allowed (Sperrbezirk
), enforced with
fines. The various cities handle this very differently.
Berlin street prostitution is allowed everywhere, and
street prostitution near the Reeperbahn during certain times of the day.
Munich and Leipzig, street prostitution is forbidden almost
everywhere, and Leipzig even has a local law that allows police to
fine customers who solicit prostitution in public.
smaller cities, the Sperrbezirk
includes the immediate
city center as well as residential areas.
Foreign women from European Union
countries are allowed to work as prostitutes in Germany. Women from
many other countries can obtain three-month tourist visas for
Germany without problems. Many of them then work in prostitution;
this is technically illegal, as the tourist visa does not include a
, admitting prostitutes under the age of
eighteen to a brothel, and influencing persons under the age of
twenty-one to take up or continue work in prostitution, are
illegal. It is also illegal to buy sex from any person younger than
18. (Before 2008 this age limit was 16.) This law also applies to
Germans traveling abroad, to combat child prostitution
occurring in the
context of sex tourism
Prostitution in historically German lands has been described since
the middle ages
. Since the 13th century,
several German cities operated brothels known as
("women's houses"); the practice of
prostitution was considered a necessary evil, a position already
held by Saint Augustine
Emperor Sigismund (1368–1437)
thanked the city of Konstanz in writing for providing some 1,500 prostitutes for
the Council of
Constance which took place from 1414 to 1418.
Prostitutes were more vigorously prosecuted beginning in the 16th
century, with the start of the Reformation
and the appearance of
Beginning in the 19th century, prostitutes in many regions had to
register with police or local health authorities and submit to
regular health checks to curb venereal diseases.
the Nazi era, street prostitutes were seen as
"asocial" and degenerate and were often sent to concentration camps, especially to
the one in Ravensbrück.
The Nazis did not entirely disapprove of
prostitution though and instead attempted to install a centralized
system of city brothels, military brothels and brothels for forced
laborers. Between 1942 and 1945, brothels were
installed in ten concentration
camps, including Auschwitz. Himmler
intended these as an incentive for cooperative and hard-working
non-Jewish and non-Russian inmates, in order to increase
productivity. Initially the brothels were staffed mostly with
former prostitutes who volunteered; later women were forced to work
there.In the documentary film, Memory of the Camps
project supervised by the British Ministry of Information
Office of War Information
during the summer of 1945, camera
crews filmed women who they stated were forced into sexual slavery
for the use of guards and favored prisoners. The film makers
stated that as the women died they were replaced by women from the
concentration camp Ravensbrück.
None of the women who were forced to work in these concentration
camp brothels ever received compensation, since the German
compensation laws do not cover persons designated as "asocial" by
German Democratic Republic (DDR) 1945–1990
World War II, the country was divided into East Germany and West
In East Germany, as in all countries of the
communist Eastern Block, prostitution was illegal and according to
the official position it didn't exist. However there were
high-class prostitutes working in the hotels of East Berlin
and the other major cities, mainly
targeting Western visitors; the Stasi
some of these for spying purposes. Street walkers and female taxi
drivers were available for the pleasure of visiting Westerners,
Federal Republic of Germany (BRD) 1945–2001
In West Germany, the registration and testing requirements remained
in place but were handled quite differently in the various regions
of the country. In Bavaria, in addition to scheduled STD check-ups regular
HIV tests were required since 1987, but this was
Many prostitutes did not submit to these
tests, avoiding the registration. A study in 1992 found that only
2.5% of the tested prostitutes had a disease, a rate much lower
than the one among comparable non-prostitutes.
Europe's largest brothel at the time, the six-floor Eros
Center, was opened on the Reeperbahn in Hamburg.
larger one, the twelve-floor building now called Pascha in
Cologne was opened in 1972.
The AIDS scare of the late 1980s
was bad for business, and the Eros Center as well as several other
brothels in Hamburg had to close. The Pascha continued to flourish
however, and now has evolved into a chain with additional brothels
in Munich and Salzburg.
Anything done in the "furtherance of prostitution" (Förderung
) remained a crime until 2001, even after the
extensive criminal law reforms of 1973. This put the operators of
brothels in constant legal danger. Most brothels were therefore run
as a bar with an attached but legally separate room rental.
However, many municipalities built, ran and profited from high rise
or townhouse-style high-rent Dirnenwohnheime
"whores' dormitories"), to keep street prostitution and pimping
under control. Here prostitutes sell sex from a room that they rent
by the day. These establishments are now mostly privatized and
operate as Eros Centers
The highest courts of Germany repeatedly ruled that prostitution
offends good moral order (verstößt gegen die guten
), with several legal consequences. Any contract that is
considered immoral is null and void, so a prostitute could not sue
for payment. Prostitutes working out of their apartment could lose
their leases. Finally, bars and inns could be denied a license if
prostitution took place on their premises.
In 1999, Felicitas Weigmann lost the license for her Berlin cafe
, because the cafe was being used to initiate
contacts between customers and prostitutes and had an attached
room-rental also owned by Weigmann. She sued the city, arguing that
society's position had changed and prostitution no longer qualified
as offending the moral order. The judge conducted an extensive
investigation and solicited a large number of opinions. In December
2000 the court agreed with Weigmann’s claim. This ruling is
considered as precedent and important factor in the realization of
the Prostitution Law of 1 January 2002. Only after an appeal
process though, filed by the Berlin town
district, was Weigmann to regain her café license in October
The compulsory registration and testing of prostitutes was
abandoned in 2001. Since then, anonymous, free and voluntary health
testing has been made available to everyone, including illegal
immigrants. Many brothel operators require these tests.
Law of 2002
In 2002 a
one page law sponsored by the Green Party was passed by the ruling
coalition of Social
Democrats and Greens in the Bundestag.
The law removed the general prohibition on
furthering prostitution and allowed prostitutes to obtain regular
work contracts. The law's rationale stated that prostitution should
not be considered as immoral anymore.
The law has been criticized as having not effectively changed the
situation of the prostitutes, often because the prostitutes
themselves don't want to change their working conditions and
contracts. The German government issued a report on the law's
impact in January 2007, concluding that few prostitutes had taken
advantage of regular work contracts and that work conditions had
improved only slightly, if at all.
Miscellaneous events 2002–2006
the large FKK-brothel Colosseum opened in Augsburg, and police believed there to be a connection to a
Turkish organized crime gang from Cologne
which owned several similar establishments and was supposedly
directed from prison by its convicted leader Necati
After several raids, police determined that the
managers of the brothel dictated the prices that the women had to
charge, prohibited them from sitting in groups or using cell phones
during work, set the work hours, searched rooms and handbags, and
made them work completely nude (charging a penalty of 10 euros per
infraction). In April 2006, five men were charged with pimping. The
court quashed the charges, arguing that the prostitution law of
2002 created a regular employer-employee relationship and thus gave
the employer certain rights to direct the working conditions.
Collosseum remained in business.
Early in 2005, English media reported that a woman refusing to take
a job as a prostitute might have her unemployment benefits reduced
or removed altogether.A similar story had appeared in mid-2003; a
woman received a job offer through a private employment agency. In
this case however, the agency apologized for the mistake, stating
that a request for a prostitute would normally have been rejected,
but the client mislead them, describing the position as "a female
barkeeper". To date, there have been no reported cases of women
actually losing benefits in such a case, and the employment
agencies have stated that women would not be made to work in
Football World Cup 2006
Officials speculated that up to 40,000 illegal prostitutes, mainly
from Eastern European countries, would enter Germany for the
Football World Cup
, held in
Germany in the summer of 2006. Women and church groups were
planning a "Red card
prostitution" campaign with the aim of alerting World Cup visitors
to the existence of forced prostitution. They asked for support
from the national football team and the national football
organization but were initially rebuffed. In March 2006 the
president of the German football federation turned around and
agreed to support a campaign named "Final Whistle -- Stop Forced
Prostitution". The Parliamentary
Assembly of the Council of Europe
(PACE), the Nordic Council
and Amnesty International
concern over an increase in the trafficking of women and forced
prostitution up to and during the World Cup.
Pascha brothel in Cologne, April
In March 2006 the campaign "Responsible John. Prostitution without
compulsion and violence" was started by the government of Berlin.
provides a list of signs of forced prostitution and urges
prostitutes' customers to call a hotline if they spot one of those
2006, an advertisement for the Pascha brothel in
Cologne that featured a several story image of a half-naked woman
with the flags of FIFA World Cup
countries sparked outrage after Muslims were
offended by the inclusion of the Saudi Arabian and Iranian flags.
The Pascha brothel's owner, Armin
Lobscheid, said a group of Muslims had threatened violence over the
advert, and he blacked out the two flags. However, the Tunisian
flag that features the Muslim crescent
remained on the advert.
On June 30, 2006, the New York
reported that the expected increase in prostitution
activity around the World Cup had not taken place. This was confirmed by
the 2006 BKA report on human trafficking, which reported only 5
cases of human trafficking related to the World Cup.
Miscellaneous events since 2007
2007 the brothel "Pascha" in Cologne
announced that senior citizens above the age of 66 would receive a
discount during afternoons; half of the price of 50 euros for a
"normal session" would be covered by the house. Earlier, in 2004, a
20% discount for long-term unemployed had been announced by a
brothel in Dresden.
Also in 2007, authorities in Berlin began to close several
apartment brothels that had existed for years. They cited a 1983
court decision that found that the inevitable disturbances caused
by brothels were incompatible with residential areas. Prostitutes'
organizations and brothel owners fought these efforts. They
commissioned a study that concluded that apartment brothels in
general neither promote criminality nor disturb neighbors.
The economic downturn
has resulted in changes at some brothels. Reduced
prices and free promotions are now found. Some changes, the result
of modern marketing tools, rebates, gimmicks. Brothels introducing
all-inclusive flat-rates, free shuttle buses, discounts for seniors
and taxi drivers. "Day passes." Some brothels reportedly including
loyalty cards, group sex parties, rebates for golf players. Clients
have reported reducing their number of weekly visits.
In 2009, the Bundessozialgericht
ruled that the
German job agencies are not required to find prostitutes for open
positions in brothels. The court rejected the complaint of a
brothel owner who had argued that the law of 2002 had turned
prostitution into a job like any other; the judges ruled that the
law had been passed to protect the employees, not to further the
Murders & scandals
murder of the high-class prostitute Rosemarie Nitribitt in Frankfurt drew great media attention in postwar
The circumstances of her death remain obscure.
Police investigations turned up no substantial leads other than a
prime suspect who was later acquitted due to reasonable doubt
. Several high-profile,
respectable citizens turned out to have been among her customers, a
fact on which the media based insinuations that higher social
circles might be covering up and obstructing the search for the
real murderer. The scandal inspired two movies.
was a contract
murderer active in the brothel scene of Hamburg in the 1980s.
Captured in 1986, he confessed to eight murders of people involved
in prostitution businesses. His long-time female lawyer and his
wife conspired to smuggle a gun into the Hamburg police
headquarters on July 29, 1986, and Pinzner proceeded to kill the
attending prosecutor, his wife and himself. The lawyer was
sentenced to six years in prison for aiding in murder.
persons were murdered in a brothel in Frankfurt am Main in 1994.
The Hungarian couple managing the
place as well as four Russian prostitutes were strangled with
electric cables. The case was resolved soon after: it was a robbery
gone bad, carried out by the husband of a woman who had worked
Scandals and news coverage
There are normally no scandals with prostitutes getting news
coverage in Germany; however together with other themes like drugs
or murder there is some attention.
In 2003, German CDU
politician Michel Friedman
, popular TV talk show host
and then assistant chairman of the German Jewish
organization, became embroiled in an investigation of trafficking
women. He had been a client of several escort prostitutes from
Eastern Europe who testified that he had repeatedly taken and
. After receiving a fine for
the drug charge, he resigned from all posts.
2003, well-known artist and art professor Jörg Immendorff was caught in the
luxury suite of a Düsseldorf hotel with seven prostitutes (and four more on
their way) and some cocaine.
admitted to having staged several such orgies and received 11
months on probation and a fine for the drug charges. He attempted
to explain his actions by his "orientalism
" and his terminal illness.
The coalition of Social Democrat
that governed the
country from 1998 until late 2005 attempted to improve the legal
situation of prostitutes in the years 2000–2003. These efforts have
been criticized as inadequate by prostitutes' organizations such as
, which lobby for full normality of the occupation
and the elimination of all mention of prostitution from the legal
conservative parties in the Bundestag, while supporting the goal of improving
prostitutes' access to the social security and health care system,
have opposed the new law because they want to retain the "offending
good morals" status.
The grand coalition
that has ruled since
2005 has announced plans to punish customers of forced prostitutes,
if the customer could reasonably have been aware of the
run several support
groups for prostitutes. These generally favor attempts to remove
stigmatization and improve the legal situation of prostitutes, but
they retain the long term abolitionist goal of a world without
prostitution and encourage all prostitutes to quit.
Alice Schwarzer and her branch of feminism rejects all prostitution as inherently
oppressive and abusive; they favor a law like that in Sweden, where in
1999 after heavy feminist lobbying a coalition of Social Democrats,
Greens and leftists outlawed the buying but not the selling of
Illegal human trafficking is a major focus of police work in
Germany, yet it remains prevalent. In 2007, Germany was listed by the
United Nations Office on Drugs and
Crime as a top destination for victims of human
- B. Leopold, E. Steffan, N. Paul: Dokumentation zur
rechtlichen und sozialen Situation von Prostitutierten in der
Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Schriftenreihe des
Bundesministeriums für Frauen und Jugend, Band 15, 1993.
- Germany, International Encyclopedia of
- Auswirkungen des Prostitutionsgesetzes, IV
Internationale Perspective. Sozialwissenschaftliches
Frauenforschungsinstitut, Freiburg. July 2005.
- "Prostitution ist Realität", Spiegel
Online, 2 November 2007.
- Florierendes Gewerbe im Dixie-Puff.
taz, 21 December 2005
- Die Verlagerung des Straßenstrichs der Stadt
Köln, August 2004.
- Helmut Höge über Zielgruppentäuschung, taz 25 February
- Staat will Prostituierte stärker zur Kasse
Welt, 23 May 2007.
- Sex Tax Filling Cologne's Coffers. Spiegel
Online, 15 December 2006
- Kontaktanzeigen Prostituierter in Zeitungen
wettbewerbsrechtlich nicht generell unzulässig, press release
of the Bundesgerichtshof, 13 July 2006.
- P. Schuster: Das Frauenhaus. Städtische Bordelle in
Deutschland (1350–1600), Paderborn 1992
- Auf einem vergessenen Lager im Lager,
- "Die verfluchten Stunden am Abend",
Sueddeutsche Zeitung, 19 June 2009
- New Exhibition Documents Forced Prostitution in
Concentration Camps Spiegel Online, 15 January
- Memory of the Camps, Frontline, PBS
- A Red-Light District Loses Its Allure, The
New York Times, 14 May 1988
- Willi Bartels ist tot, Spiegel Online,
5 November 2007.
- see German Wikipedia, Felicitas Weigmann, version 2 September 2009.
- Horizontales Gewerbe noch lange nicht legal,
taz, 21 October 2006
- Bericht der Bundesregierung zu den Auswirkungen des
Gesetzes zur Regelung der Rechtsverhältnisse der
Prostituierten, 24 January 2007.
- Klaus Wiendl and Oliver Bendixen: Millionengeschäfte mit
Zwangsprostitution - Das europaweite Netzwerk der Bordellmafia,
report MÜNCHEN, Bayerischer Rundfunk (German TV), 9
January 2006. transcript
- "Richter kapitulieren vor Bordellbetreibern", Süddeutsche
Zeitung, 1 September 2006.
- 'If you don't take a job as a prostitute, we can
stop your benefits', The Daily Telegraph, 30
- Snopes Debunking the claim that "Women in
Germany face the loss of unemployment benefits if they decline to
accept work in brothels."
- Invasion of the body pleasers, Luke Harding,
Salon.com (18 November 2005)
- Blowing the Whistle on Forced Prostitution,
Spiegel Online, 8 March 2006
- "Red card to trafficking during World Cup",
Amnesty International, Public Statement (26 April
- "Stop trafficking in women before the FIFA World
Cup" (Doc. 10881), Council of Europe Parliamentary
Assembly (10 April 2006)
- World Cup concerns Nordic Council
- Independent Catholic News
- Ban Ying - Für Prostitution ohne Zwang und
- Berlin.de: (Landespressestelle) Start der Kampagne
„Verantwortlicher Freier“ gegen Zwangsprostitution: Verantwortung
kann man nicht in Zentimetern messen
- "World Cup Brings Little Pleasure to German
Brothels", New York Times, June 30, 2006.
- Reports on human trafficking, by the BKA.
- German Brothel Offers 50-Percent Discount to Senior
Citizens, Spiegel Online, 15 March 2007
- Bordelle machen Bezirksamt an,
taz, 6 September 2007.
- Global economic crisis hits German sex
industry, Reuters (20 April 2009)
- Callgirl vom Amt, sueddeutsche.de, 7 May
- Danuta Harrich-Zandberg: Der St. Pauli-Killer. In: Helfried
Spitra (Hrsg.): Die großen Kriminalfälle. Der St. Pauli-Killer,
der Ausbrecherkönig und neun weitere berühmte Verbrechen.
Campus-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-593-37438-2, p.
- Freiern droht Gefängnisstrafe,
Focus , 22 October 2006
- UN highlights human trafficking, BBC, 26 March
e.V., support organization for prostitutes, also has the text
of the new prostitution law
- Scathing criticism of the new prostitution law,
Carmen, a support group for foreign prostitutes working in
e.V. For the welfare and rights of prostitutes in Germany
Sexuelle Dienstleistung e.V., association of brothel
- Freiersein, information site for prostitution
customers, run by prostitutes' support organizations. Has a section
with "10 rules for fair play" outlining proper behavior of
- Reports on human trafficking, by the BKA, the German equivalent to the FBI
- Photos of brothel rooms in Germany
- German penal code, Bundesministerium der