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{{Infobox Former Subdivision
conventional_long_name = Brandenburg
common_name = Brandenburg
subdivision = Province
nation = Prussia
image_flag = Flagge Preußen - Provinz Brandenburg.svg
image_coat = Wappen Preußische Provinzen - Brandenburg.png
image_map = Map-Prussia-Brandenburg.svg
image_map_caption = Brandenburg (red}, within the Kingdom of Prussiamarker, within the German Empiremarker
capital = Potsdammarker (1815- 1827)
Berlinmarker (1827-1843)
Potsdammarker (1843-1918)
Charlottenburgmarker (1918-1946)

stat_area1= 38275
stat_year1 = 1939
stat_pop1 = 3023443
p1= Margravate of Brandenburg
image_p1 =
s1 = Berlin
flag_s1 = Flag of Berlin.svg
s2 = Brandenburg
flag_s2 = Flag of Brandenburg.svg
s3 = Poznań Voivodeship
flag_s3 = POL Poznań flag.svg
year_start = 1816
year_end = 1946
event1 = Greater Berlin Act
date_event1 = 1 October 1920
pol_subdiv = Potsdam


The Province of Brandenburg ( ) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussiamarker and the Free State of Prussiamarker from 1815 to 1946. Its capital was originally Potsdammarker, before moving to Berlinmarker in 1827, then back to Potsdam in 1843 and finally in Berlin-Charlottenburgmarker in 1918.


The province of Brandenburg was created from the majority of the territory that previously formed the Margraviate of Brandenburg, which had been under Prussian rule since the House of Hohenzollern, rulers of Brandenburg, inherited the Duchy of Prussiamarker in 1618 (see Brandenburg-Prussia). The major territorial difference was that the province’s western border was brought eastward to the Elbe River, with the Altmarkmarker region (west of the Elbe) going to the newly-formed Province of Saxonymarker. The Neumark region east of the Oder River was retained by Brandenburg, as was Lower Lusatiamarker.

On 1 April 1881 Berlin became a city district (Stadtkreis Berlin) separate from Brandenburg. The Greater Berlin Actmarker of 1920 expanded the borders of Berlin, incorporating numerous surrounding districts and towns from Brandenburg to form Greater Berlin ( ). On 21 March 1939 while part of Nazi Germany, the Province of Brandenburg was again called the historical name Mark Brandenburg (the official name of the earlier Margraviate of Brandenburg).

In 1946, after World War II, the section of Brandenburg east of the Oder-Neisse line was ceded to Poland to form the Poznań Voivodeship. The remaining territory became part of the Soviet occupation zone and became part of East Germanymarker in 1949. Following German reunification in 1990, Brandenburgmarker was re-established as a state of the Federal Republic of Germanymarker.


The province of Brandenburg was divided into two Regierungsbezirke, Frankfurt and Potsdam.

Regierungsbezirk Frankfurt

Urban districts (Stadtkreise)

  1. Cottbusmarker (from 1886)
  2. Forst marker (from 1897)
  3. Frankfurt an der Odermarker (from 1826)
  4. Gubenmarker (from 1884)
  5. Landsberg marker (from 1892)

Rural districts (Landkreise)

  1. Calau
  2. Cottbus
  3. Crossen
  4. Guben
  5. Königsberg Nm.
  6. Landsberg
  7. Lebus
  8. Luckau
  9. Lübben
  10. Meseritz
  11. Oststernberg
  12. Schwerin
  13. Soldin
  14. Sorau
  15. Spremberg
  16. Weststernberg
  17. Züllichau-Schwiebus

Regierungsbezirk Potsdam

Urban districts (Stadtkreise)

  1. Lichtenbergmarker (1908-1920; from 1912: known as Berlin-Lichtenberg; after 1920: part of Groß-Berlin)
  2. Schönebergmarker (1899-1920; from 1912: known as Berlin-Schöneberg; after 1920: part of Groß-Berlin)
  3. Wilmersdorfmarker (1907-1920; from 1912: known as Berlin-Wilmersdorf; after 1920: part of Groß-Berlin)
  4. Brandenburg marker (from 1881)
  5. Charlottenburgmarker (1877-1920; then a part of Groß-Berlin)
  6. Eberswaldemarker (from 1911)
  7. Neuköllnmarker (1899-1920; then a part of Groß-Berlin)
  8. Potsdammarker (from 1809)
  9. Rathenowmarker (from1925)
  10. Spandaumarker (1886-1920; then a part of Groß-Berlin)
  11. Wittenbergemarker (from 1922)

Rural districts (Landkreise)

  1. Angermünde
  2. Beeskow-Storkow
  3. Jüterbog-Luckenwalde
  4. Niederbarnim (mostly incorporated into Groß-Berlin in 1920)
  5. Oberbarnim
  6. Osthavelland (mostly incorporated into Groß-Berlin in 1920)
  7. Ostprignitz
  8. Prenzlau
  9. Ruppin
  10. Teltow (mostly incorporated into Groß-Berlin in 1920)
  11. Templin
  12. Westhavelland
  13. Westprignitz
  14. Zauch-Belzig

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