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The Province of Trieste ( , ) is a province in the autonomous Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of Italymarker. Its capital is the city of Triestemarker.It has an area of 212 km², and a total population of 236,520 (April 2009). It has a coastal length of 48.1 km.There are 6 communes in the province.
Map of the Province of Trieste.


History

Early history

After the dissolution of the Western Roman Empire, the area of the province of Trieste was occupied by the Franks. With the advent of the Habsburgs (13th century) the territory was divided between the lords of Duinomarker, Trieste, San Dorligo della Vallemarker and Muggiamarker. During the reign of Maria Theresa of Austria and, subsequently, Joseph II, the maritime trades were increased with institution of the free port.

In 1809, the area was conquered by Napoleon's troops. After the latter's definitive defeat, the communes of Duinomarker, Nabrežinamarker, Sgonicomarker and Monrupinomarker, which used to be part of Carniola, were annexed to that of Gorizia and Gradisca, while Triestemarker became a direct city of the Austrian Empiremarker. San Dorligo della Vallemarker and Muggiamarker became part of Istriamarker.

World War One left the territory of the province almost untouched, although fierce battles were fought just on its north-westernmost edges.

The whole area was occupied by Italy in November 1918, in the aftermath of Austria's defeat in World War I. It was officially annexed to Italy with the Treaty of Rapallo , which also assigned all of the fomer Austrian Littoral to Italymarker.

The establishment of the province

The Province of Trieste was first established in 1920. It comprised the current territory of the province, as well as significant portions of the Kras plateau and the region of Inner Carniola in present-day Sloveniamarker. Between 1923 and 1943, the province of Trieste included also the communes of Monfalconemarker, Staranzanomarker, Ronchi dei Legionarimarker, San Canzian d'Isonzomarker, Turriacomarker, San Pier d'Isonzomarker, Fogliano-Redipugliamarker and Gradomarker (today in Province of Goriziamarker), the current Slovenian municipalities of Sežanamarker, Divačamarker, Postojnamarker and Pivkamarker, as well as some settlements in the present-day Slovenian municipality of Kopermarker, namely Hrvatinimarker, Jelarjimarker, Spodnje Škofijemarker, Plavjemarker and Ospmarker.

After World War II

After the end of World War II, the Free Territory of Trieste was established as a free state on September 15, 1947. On October 26, 1954, Italy and Yugoslaviamarker came to an understanding whereby the territory de facto was divided between the two states. Zone A of the free state became the new Province of Trieste and Zone B was to be administered by Yugoslaviamarker. The Province of Trieste formally became a part of Italy on October 11, 1977, by the Treaty of Osimo.

Languages

Italian language is spoken in the whole province. In the city of Trieste, many people speak Triestine, a dialect of Venetian. The Tergestine, an archaic dialect of the Friulian language was spoken in Trieste and in Muggiamarker, but became completely extinct by the mid 19th century.

An estimated 21% of the province's population belong to the Slovene linguistic community. Italian legislation recognizes and protects the Slovene linguistic minority in all of the six municipalities of the province, although visual bilingualism is not applied in the city centre of Trieste and in the town of Muggia. Besides standard Slovene, which is taught in Slovene-language schools, three different Slovene dialects are spoken in the Province of Trieste. The Kras dialect is spoken in the municipalities of Duino-Aurisinamarker and Sgonicomarker, as well as in several settlements in the municipality of Trieste: Barcolamarker, Prosecco, and Contovello. The Inner Carniolan dialect is spoken in the municipality of Monrupinomarker and in several settlements of the municipality of Trieste, namely Opicinamarker, Trebiciano, Padriciano, and Basovizza. The Istrianmarker dialect is spoken in the municipalities of San Dorligo della Vallemarker and in the rural areas of Muggiamarker, as well as in the southern suburbs of Trieste (most notably in Servola).

Points of interest



See also



External links

Italian



References


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