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Provinces of Argentina: Map

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Argentinamarker is subdivided into twenty-three provinces ( , singular provincia) and one autonomous city (Ciudad autónoma de Buenos Aires, informally the Capital Federal). The city and the provinces have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.

Provinces are then divided into departments ( , singular departamento), except for Buenos Aires Provincemarker, which is divided into partidos.

Regions

The country is also divided into six or seven regions (seven when The Pampas is divided into the Pampas' plains and Pampas' sierras):
Region Provinces included
Argentine Northwest Jujuy, Salta, Tucumánmarker, Catamarca, La Rioja
Gran Chaco Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero
Mesopotamia Misionesmarker, Entre Ríos, Corrientes
Cuyo San Juanmarker, Mendoza, San Luis
The Pampasmarker Córdoba, Santa Fe, La Pampa, Buenos Airesmarker
Patagonia Rio Negromarker, Neuquén, Chubut, Santa Cruzmarker, Tierra del Fuegomarker


Even though there are provinces that belong to more than one region, they are shown here within the most representative region. In the Tucumán province, the smallest of Argentina, coexist three regions: the Pampasmarker to the south, Gran Chaco to the northeast, and Argentine Northwest.

Provinces

  1. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Airesmarker
  2. Provincia de Buenos Airesmarker
  3. Provincia de Catamarca
  4. Provincia del Chaco
  5. Provincia del Chubut
  6. Provincia de Córdoba
  7. Provincia de Corrientes
  8. Provincia de Entre Ríos
  9. Provincia de Formosa
  10. Provincia de Jujuy
  11. Provincia de La Pampa
  12. Provincia de La Rioja
  13. Provincia de Mendoza
  14. Provincia de Misionesmarker
  15. Provincia del Neuquén
  16. Provincia de Río Negromarker
  17. Provincia de Salta
  18. Provincia de San Juanmarker
  19. Provincia de San Luis
  20. Provincia de Santa Cruzmarker
  21. Provincia de Santa Fe
  22. Provincia de Santiago del Estero
  23. Provincia de Tierra del Fuego,

    Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur
    marker
  24. Provincia de Tucumánmarker






Demographics

Province/District Capital Population (2001) Rank Area (km²) Rank Density (/km²) Rank
Buenos Airesmarker - 4 203 24 1
Buenos Aires Provincemarker La Platamarker 1 1 44.95 3
Catamarca Province San Fernando del V. 20 11 3.26 19
Chaco Province Resistencia 9 12 9.90 11
Chubut Province Rawson 18 3 1.84 23
Córdoba Province Córdobamarker 2 5 18.60 6
Corrientes Province Corrientes 11 16 10.60 10
Entre Ríos Province Paraná 7 17 14.70 7
Formosa Province Formosa 16 19 6.75 14
Jujuy Province San Salvador de Jujuy 14 20 11.50 8
La Pampa Province Santa Rosamarker 21 8 2.00 22
La Rioja Province La Rioja 22 14 3.23 20
Mendoza Province Mendozamarker 5 7 10.61 9
Misiones Provincemarker Posadas 10 21 32.40 4
Neuquén Province Neuquén 17 13 5.00 16
Río Negro Provincemarker Viedmamarker 15 4 2.72 21
Salta Province Salta 8 6 6.94 12
San Juan Provincemarker San Juanmarker 13 15 6.92 13
San Luis Province San Luis 19 18 4.80 17
Santa Cruz Provincemarker Río Gallegos 23 2 0.81 24
Santa Fe Province Santa Fe 3 10 22.56 5
Santiago del Estero Province Santiago del Estero 12 9 5.90 15
Tierra del Fuego Provincemarker Ushuaiamarker 24 23 4.75 18
Tucumán Provincemarker San Miguel de Tucumánmarker 6 22 59.42 2


Politics

See also List of Governors in Argentina

Each province has also its own government, with a provincial constitution, a set of provincial laws and justice system, a supreme court, a governor, an autonomous police force (independent of the Federal Police), and a congress: in eight provinces the parliament is constituted by an upper chamber (senate) and a lower chamber (deputies), while in the remaining fifteen provinces and in the Autonomous City of Buenos Airesmarker the congress has just one chamber.

On occasion the national government intervenes in a province under internal instability or after a corruption scandal, designating an intervenor to replace the local government until the situation is normalized: since the return of democracy to the country in 1983, four provinces were intervened, namely Catamarca, Corrientes (twice), Santiago del Estero (twice) and Tucumánmarker.

During the 20th century, some provinces have had governments traditionally controlled by a single family (i.e. the Saadi family in Catamarca, or the Sapag family in Neuquén); in one case, it is still the situation as of 2009: the Province of San Luis was ruled almost without a break by the Rodríguez Saá family since december of 1983.

The internal products of the provinces are merged into the national product when the national budget is decided. The share of the budget given to each province is decided based on each province's individual contribution to the national budget. Provinces are free to choose their own utilization of their assigned percentages of the national product.

History

The north of Argentina was the first part of the present country to be explored by the Spanish colonisation, searching for the routes that would allow them to bring the gold and silver extracted in the Viceroyalty of Peru to the port of Buenos Airesmarker.

Santiago del Estero, in the year 1550, was the first city founded in the territory with such ends, but lost its importance when Tucumánmarker and Salta replaced it as mid-stops to the Atlantic coastmarker when these two cities secured from the aboriginal attacks, and economically strengthened.

The centre of the country was also soon explored and inhabited, being the most important of the first founded cities the city of Córdobamarker, that became not only a political but also cultural centre with the creation of the first university, the Universidad Nacional de Córdobamarker in 1622.

Most capital cities of the centre-northern Argentina were founded before the year 1600, except for Santa Rosamarker in La Pampa Province, and Resistencia in Chaco Province.

To the south of the Colorado Rivermarker, the Patagonia remained under control of the aboriginals. The river itself served as natural frontier.

It was not until the infamous Roca's Conquest of the Desert, started in 1879, when the southern part of Argentina was conquered in what meant the near annihilation of the aboriginal people living in these lands.

The current political division of the provinces of Patagonia was set in 1884 and has not been changed since then, except between 1944 and 1955 when a stripe covering the southern part of Chubut Province and the northern part of Santa Cruz Provincemarker was named Comodoro Rivadavia Military Zone.

But the National Territories didn't have provincial status until the 20th century. They were named provinces in 1957. The exception is Tierra del Fuego Provincemarker, which was named in 1990.

Due to the late conquest of the south of the country and the prevailing cold weather, most people live in the central or northern provinces. Recent immigration to the south, mainly from Buenos Aires Provincemarker and Buenos Airesmarker city, is lessening this difference.

See also



External links



References




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