Provinces of the Solomon Islands, as
of 1989 (click to enlarge).
Islands are currently divided into 9 provinces. The national capital, Honiara, on the
island of Guadalcanal, is separately governed as Capital
Provinces of the Solomon Islands,
numbered in alphabetical order.
Kingdom protectorate, there
were initially 12 administrative districts: Choiseul, Eastern
Solomons, Gizo, Guadalcanal, Lord Howe, Malaita, Nggela and Savo,
Rennell and Bellona Islands, Santa Cruz, Shortlands, Sikaiana
(Stewart), and Ysabel and Cape Marsh. The capital was
After World War II
, it was reorganized
into four districts, Central, Western, Eastern, and Malalaita.
These districts were then further subdivided into councils.
capital was also moved to Honiara.
These were the political divisions that the nation inherited at its
independence in 1978.
In 1981 the nation was reorganized into seven provinces by
splitting some of the districts: Central District was split into
Central, Guadalcanal, and Isabel provinces; Eastern District was
split into Makira and Temotu provinces. The other two districts,
Western and Malalaita, were also designated as provinces. These new
provinces corresponded to the councils of the districts before
the 22 square-kilometer Honiara was split
off from Guadalcanal province and became a separately-governed
The city still serves as the capital of
In 1995, Choiseul was split off from Western province, and Rennell
and Bellona was split off from Central province, making the nine
provinces of today.
The population census data is from the 1999 census; the 2009
population estimates are those provided by the Solomon Islands
National Statistics office. They show how the population has
increased in the past decade for most of the provinces, especially
the more urban ones, as urbanization grows. The figures for
Guadalcanal Province do not include the separately-administered
Capital Territory of Honiara; if
included, that province would have had a total population of
109,382 in 1999, when it was the second largest province; by 2009,
the combined estimate for Guadalcanal and the Capital Territory
would be 157,745, making it the largest province.
Capital Territory is ranked as n/a below, and does not count in the
Table of Provinces
per km² (1999)
||Guadalcanal Province (1)
||Rennell and Bellona Province
excluding the Capital Territory of Honiara