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Public holidays in the People's Republic of China: Map

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There are currently seven official public holidays in the mainland territory of the People's Republic of Chinamarker. There was a major reform in 2008, adding three traditional Chinese holidays - Qingming Festival, Duanwu Festival, and Mid-Autumn Festival. A notable feature of mainland Chinese holidays is that weekend is often combined with weekday holidays (by exchanging work days) to form a "long weekend".

Date English name Chinese name Duration (2008-) Duration (2000-2007) Dates (2009)
The practical outworkings of the announced dates were confirmed using




January 1 New Year 元旦 1 day 1 day Thu 1-Fri 2 January
1st day of 1st lunar month Chinese New Year 春节 3 days 3 days Sun 25-Sat 31 January
5th Solar Term (April 4 or April 5) Qing Ming Festival 清明节 1 day N/A Mon 6 April
May 1 Labor Day 劳动节 1 day 3 days Fri 1 May
5th day of 5th lunar month Dragon Boat Festival 端午节 1 day N/A Thu 28-Fri 29 May
15th day of 8th lunar month Mid-Autumn Festival 中秋节 1 day N/A Combined with National Day
October 1 National Day 国庆节 3 days 3 days Thur 1 October-Thur 8 October
Note on duration and 2009 dates: Most sources in China count the total number of days off (including statutory holidays, transferred days and weekends), which is important for Chinese people working a seven-day week. E.g. a holiday on a Friday is always announced as a three day holiday (Friday-Sunday). See the references for details of transferred holidays in 2009. The table above does not count weekends.



Transferred holidays

In all these holidays, if the holiday lands on a weekend, the days will be reimbursed after the weekend.

The Chinese New Year and National Day holidays are three days long. The week-long holidays on May (Labor) Day and National Day began in 2000, as a measure to increase and encourage holiday spending. The resulting seven-day holidays are called "Golden Weeks" (黄金周), and have become peak seasons for travel and tourism. From 2008, the Labor Day holiday was shortened to one day, and three traditional Chinese holidays will be added.

Generally, if there is a 3 day holiday, the government will declare it to be a 7 day holiday, making the weekend after normal working days. This means that shops, banks, schools, etc., treat Saturday and Sunday as if they were Monday and Tuesday (or whatever weekdays they have been 'swapped' with). The resulting disruption is accepted as normal.

In addition to these holidays, applicable to the whole population, there are four official public holidays applicable to specific sections of the population:

Date English name Chinese name Duration Applicable to
March 8 International Women's Day 国际妇女节 half-day Women
May 4 Youth Day 青年节 half-day Youth above the age of 14
June 1 Children's Day 六一儿童节 1 day Children below the age of 14
August 1 Army Day 建军节 half-day Military personnel in active service


The closeness of Labor Day and Youth Day resulted in an unexpectedly long break for schools in 2008 - the Youth Day half-holiday entitlement had been largely forgotten because it has been subsumed into the Golden Week.

Traditional holiday scheme

Date English name Local name Remarks
January 1 New Year 元旦
March 8 International Women's Day 国际妇女节
March 12 Arbor Day 植树节 Also known as National Tree Planting Day (全民义务植树日)
May 1 Labor Day 劳动节
May 4 Youth Day 青年节 Commemorating the May Fourth Movement
June 1 Children's Day 六一儿童节
July 1 CPC Founding Day 建党节 Formation of 1st National Congress on July 1, 1921
July 11 Maritime Day 中国航海日 The anniversary of Zheng He's first voyage
August 1 Army Day 建军节 Nanchang Uprising (南昌起义) on August 1, 1927
October 1 National Day 国庆节 Founding of PRC on October 1, 1949
1st day of 1st lunar month Spring Festival (Chinese New Year) 春节 Based on Chinese calendar
2nd day of 2nd lunar month Zhonghe Festival (Dragon Raising its Head) 中和节 Based on Chinese calendar
15th day of 1st lunar month Lantern Festival 元宵节 Based on Chinese calendar
5th Solar Term. April 4 or 5 Qing Ming Jie (Chinese Memorial Day) 清明节 Appeared only on Chinese Calendar, but it's a "Jieqi" that is based on solar calendar instead of lunar calendar, jieqi is used to indicated agriculture.
5th day of 5th lunar month Dragon Boat Festival (Duanwujie) 端午节 Based on Chinese calendar
7th day of 7th lunar month Double Seven Festival 七夕 The Chinese Valentine's Day, based on Chinese calendar
15th day of 7th lunar month Spirit Festival (Ghost Festival) 中元节 Based on Chinese calendar
15th day of 8th lunar month Mid-Autumn Festival (Moon Festival) 中秋节 Based on Chinese calendar
9th day of 9th lunar month Double Ninth Festival 重阳节 Based on Chinese calendar


Novel holidays

Some Chinese young adults have begun to celebrate 11 November as Singles' Day because of the many ones (1s) in the date.

2006 example

New Year's Day Holiday, 2006
Dec Jan
28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
W T F S S M T W T F S
Weekdays Weekend Weekdays Weekend
becomes
Weekdays Holiday Moved Weekend Weekdays Weekend


Chinese New Year Holiday, 2006
Jan Feb
27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5 6
F S S M T W T F S S M
Weekdays Weekend Weekdays Weekend Weekdays
becomes
Weekdays Holiday Moved Weekend Moved Weekend Weekdays


Labor Day Holiday, 2006
Apr May
29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
S S M T W T F S S M T
Weekend Weekdays Weekend Weekdays
becomes
Weekdays Holiday Moved Weekend Weekend "Weekdays"


National Day Holiday, 2006
Sept Oct
29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
F S S M T W T F S S M
Weekdays Weekend Weekdays Weekend Weekdays
becomes
Weekdays Holiday Moved Weekend Moved Weekend Weekdays


See also



Works Cited

  1. Xinhuanet.com " Xinhuanet.com." How will people spend China's 1st Qingming Festival holiday?. Retrieved on 2008-04-04.
  2. Thursday 1 is a statutory holiday. Friday 2 is a holiday; Friday work schedules transfer to Sunday 4. Most workers will have three days' holiday.
  3. The three-day public holiday began on Chinese New Year's Day itself from 2000 to 2007. It will be shifted back by one day, and will begin on Chinese New Year's Eve, starting from 2008.
  4. Sunday 25 (New Year's Eve), Monday 26 (New Year's Day) and Tuesday 27 are statutory holidays. Because New Year's Eve falls at the weekend, Wednesday 28 is given in lieu. Thursday 29 is an additional bonus holiday. Friday 30 is a holiday; Friday work schedules transfer to Sunday 1 February. This is officially counted as eight days' holiday (Saturday-Saturday).
  5. Saturday 4 is a statutory holiday, but it falls at the weekend, so Monday 6 is given in lieu. The authorities count this as three days' holiday (Saturday-Monday).
  6. This is officially counted as three days' holiday (Friday-Sunday).
  7. Thursday 28 is a statutory holiday. Friday 29 is a holiday; work schedules transfer to Sunday 31. This is officially counted as three days' holiday (Thursday-Saturday).
  8. Thursday 1 October and Friday 2 October are statutory holidays for National Day. Saturday 3 October is a statutory holiday for both Mid-Autumn Festival and National Day, and it falls at the weekend, so Monday 5 is given in lieu. Sunday 4 is not a working day because it falls at the weekend. Monday 6 is a holiday; working schedules are transferred to Sunday 27 September. Wednesday 7 and Thursday 8 are holidays; working schedules are transferred to Saturday 10 and Sunday 11 October.


References




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