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Puck ( , , ) is a town in northwestern Polandmarker with 11,350 inhabitants. It is in Gdańsk Pomeraniamarker on the south coast of the Baltic Seamarker (Bay of Puck). Previously in the Gdańsk Voivodeship (1975-1998), Puck has been the capital of Puck Countymarker in the Pomeranian Voivodeshipmarker since 1999.

History

The settlement became a marketplace and a seaport as early as the 7th century. The name, as was common during the Middle Ages, was spelt differently: Pauzigk, Pautzke (in a 1277 document Putzc, 1277 Pusecz, 1288 Puczse and Putsk, 1289 Pucz, see historical maps below) [23588]. In 1309 it came under the rule of the Teutonic Order as part of Pomerelia. It achieved town status in 1348. Together with the rest of Royal Prussia it joined Poland in 1454 (1466) and was the place of the local County Administration (Starostwo). Since the Polish kings tried to create a fleet at Danzig, but independend Hanseatic Danzig would not allow them in their territory, some chartered by Poland ships had to land at Pautzke (Puck) in 1567. Poland tried to establish a Polish Navy, got to use some harbors in Livonia and Finland, but a standing navy never materialize. Swedish-Lithuanian Vasa King of Poland-Lithuania Sigismund III again tried to establish a fleet in his attempts to wrest the crown of Sweden from King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, but Sigismund's attempts at creating a fleet were destroyed in 1628.

The first actual Polish Navy was founded at the end of World War I in 1918 with heavy French and British involvement.

In 1772, through the Partitions of Poland, the western Prussian town was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussiamarker. After 1919 it was assigned to the Second Polish Republicmarker as part of the Polish Corridor by the Treaty of Versailles. In 1920 Poland celebrated Poland's Wedding to the Sea in Puck. Until 1939 Puck was the main war harbour of the Polish Navy and the only Polish harbour until Gdyniamarker was built in the 1920s. A branch of the Stutthof concentration campmarker existed in Puck in the years 1941 to 1944. After 1945 it became part of the People's Republic of Poland.

Interesting places

Kitesurfing
Marina
Former hospital for the poor (18th century)


  • Town Hall (1865)
  • St Peter and Paul's church (13th century)
  • Burghers' houses at the main square (Plac Wolności), 17th century, rebuilt in the 19th century
  • Flooded port (8th-10th century) located some 500 metres from the shore
  • Remnants of a brick castle (14th century)
  • Memorials of gen. Józef Haller and Poland's Wedding to the Sea
  • Puck region museum (Muzeum Ziemi Puckiej)
  • Wooden pier
  • Marina
  • Caves in Mechowo
  • Coastal Landscape Park (Nadmorski Park Krajobrazowy)


Population

Year Population
1895 1 904
1900 2 093
1960 6 800
1970 9 300
1975 10 500
1980 11 100
1998 11 600
2005 11 350


Land use

Land use in Puck in 2005 [23589] in ha in %
Total 490 100,0
agricultural lands area, of which: 188 38,4
arable land 118 24,1
orchards 0 0,0
meadows 59 12,0
pastures 11 2,2
Forests and forest land 3 0,6
Other and wastelands 299 61,0


International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Puck, Poland is twinned with:Cieszynmarker, Steinmarker, Konzmarker, Guéretmarker

See also



External links



Gallery

File:PuckU.jpg|Timber framed building of hospital for the poor from 18th century, now seat of Puck region museumFile:Plaża w Pucku - kitesurfers - beach in Puck (4).jpg|Puck is an important water sports centreFile:Kutry podczas pielgrzymki rybackiej do Pucka.jpg|Port in Puck during annual pilgrimage of fishermen from Hel Peninsulamarker to a church fair of St. Peter and Paul in PuckFile:PuckU (15).jpg|Small marina and pier in PuckFile:PuckU (12).jpg|Marina in PuckFile:Puck miejsce zaslubin z morzem.JPG|Memorials of gen. Józef Haller and Poland's Wedding to the SeaFile:PuckU (5).jpg|Restaurant on pier in PuckFile:Puck - wieczorem.jpg|An evening view of the town



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