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The Puerto Rico National Guard (Spanish: Guardia Nacional de Puerto Rico) is the component of the United States National Guard in the U.S. Territory of Puerto Rico. It comprises both Army and Air National Guard components with a total authorized strength of 10,000 soldiers and airmen. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. In fact, the National Guard is the only United States military force empowered to function in a state status. Those functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The National Guard may be called into federal service in response to a call by the President or Congress. When under state / Territory control, the Governor serves as Commander-In-Chief.

When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-In-Chief. The federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."

The Governor of Puerto Rico may call individuals or units of the Puerto Rico National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."

Units









History

Cadet Luis R.
Esteves 1915
After the Spanish American War in 1898, Puerto Rico came under the United States Flag and there was a discussion by the US military authorities over Puerto Rico's military value. There is no doubt it offered tremendous commercial value in expanding commerce between the US, Central and South America. Because of the political changes in the beginning of the 20th century the military importance of Puerto Rico grew. In 1906, a group of Puerto Ricans met with the Governor Winthrop, and the Commissioner of Interior, Lawrence H. Graham, to organize a National Guard of Puerto Rico. This attempt was met with enthusiasm by the public, and some companies were organized, in differents towns around the island: Yaucomarker under the command of Captain Santiago Vivaldi, in Juana Diazmarker, commanded by Captain, Diaz-Brik, in Peñuelasmarker by Captain Gabino Balasquide, the two in Poncemarker by Pedro Juan Amstrong, Mario Belaval, J. Oppenheimer, F. del Valle and Doctor Laguna. In San Juanmarker there were three companies under Federico Vall-Spinosa, Justo Barros, J. del Barril, R. Swigett, J. Doere, Lugo Vinas and F. Fano.

As the companies were being formed, all of the officers and soldiers had to purchase their own uniforms and supplies, since there was no government funding for the enterprise. This organization failed due to existing U. S. Federal law, which prohibited the formation of any armed force within the United States and its territories without authorization from Congress.

During World War I, Puerto Ricans served in the 373d, 374th, and 775th Infantry Regiments of the National Army and the Puerto Rican Regiment of the Regular Army. Approximately 20,000 troops were trained at Camp Las Casas. The need for a Puerto Rican National Guard became apparent to a young Puerto Rican officer named Luis Raul Estevez. He was the first Puerto Rican to graduate from the US Military Academy at West Pointmarker. He brought the matter up to the then governor of Puerto Rico, Arthur Yager, immediately after the conclusion of World War I. His efforts with the Governor and Legislature of Puerto Rico, were met with approval and the National Guard was organized in 1919. Ultimately, this officer was promoted Major General and appointed Adjutant General of the Puerto Rican National Guard.

The first regiment of the Puerto Rico National Guard, "First Infantry Regiment", was organized on June 2, 1920 and reorganized on December 26, 1922, as the 295th Infantry Regiment. On March 1, 1936, the 296th Infantry Regiment was organized. Before, the 296th existed as a battalion of the 295th Infantry Regiment.

Adjutant General

Governor Luis Fortuño appointed Brigadier General Antonio J. Vicens as the 20th Adjutant General of the Puerto Rico National Guard on January 2, 2009. The Adjutant General is the Executive Officer and Commander of both the Puerto Rico National Guard and the Puerto Rico State Guard. He holds a B.B.A-Management Degree from the University of Puerto Rico.

His military school and courses included Joint Firepower control Course, Jungle Warfare Training Course, Command and General Staff Course, Infantry Brigade and Battalion Commander's Course, Inter-American Defense Collage Central Michigan University. Brigadier General Vicens' first assignment was from June 1972 to February 1974 where he served as Platoon Leader in Troop E 192nd CAV, PRARNG. From March 1974 to May 1974 he attended the Armor School at Fort. Knox Kentucky. From May 1974 to June 1979 he served as a Platoon Leader in Troop E 192d CAV, PRARNG. From July 1979 to December 1979 he served as the Executive Officer of Troop E 192d CAV PRARNG. From December 1979 to November 1980 he held the position of S-3 Air in the 165th Infantry Battalion, PRARNG. In November 1980 he attended the Joint Firepower School at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. He then returned to his duties as S-3 Air in the 165th Infantry Battalion, PRARNG and remained there until June 1981. From June 1981 to June 1985, he Commanded the Combat Support Company of 1-65th Infantry Battalion, PRARNG. From June 1985 to November 1985, he served as the Motor Officer of 1-65th Infantry Battalion, PRARNG. From November 1985 to August 1986 he served as the S-2 of 1-65th Infantry Battalion, PRARNG. From August 1986 to November 1987 he served as the Assistant S-3 of 92nd Infantry Brigade (Separate), PRARNG. From November 1987 to January 1989 he served as the S-2 of the 92nd Infantry Brigade (Separate), PRARNG. From January 1989 to December 1989, he attended the Command and General Staff Course at Fort Benning, Georgia. From December 1989 to September 1990 he resumed his duties as the S-2 of the 92nd Infantry Brigade, (Separate), PRARNG. From September 1990 to March 1994, he served as the Executive Officer of 1-295th Infantry Battalion, PRARNG. From March 1994 to November 1994, he commanded 1-65th Infantry Battalion, PRARNG. In November 1994, he attended the Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia. From November 1994 to August 1997, he resumed his duties as commander of 1-65th Infantry Battalion, PRARNG. From August 1997 to July 1998 he served as the S-3 of the 92nd Infantry Brigade (Separate), PRARNG. From July 1998 to June 1999, he attended the Inter-American Defense Collage at Fort MCNair, Washington, DC. From June 1999 to January 2000, he served as the Deputy Commander of the 92nd Infantry Brigade (Separate), PRARNG. From February 2000 to March 2004, he served as the Deputy Adjutant General (Army), of the Puerto Rico National Guard. From March 2004 to October 2005, served as the commander of the 92nd Infantry Brigade (Separate). From October 2005 to January 2009, he served in USAR Control Group (Retired). Since January 2009 he has served as the Adjutant General of the Puerto Rico National Guard.

Majors awards and decorations are: the Legion of Merit, the Meritorious Service Medal, the Army Commendation Medal, the Army Achievement Medal, the Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal (with 4 Oak Leave Clusters), the National Defense Service Medal, the Armed Forces Reserve Medal (with Silver Hourglass Device), the Army Service Ribbon, the Army Reserve Component Overseas Training Ribbon. He has been inducted into the Officer Candidate School Hall of Fame of the Puerto Rico National Guard in Fort Allen, Puerto Rico.

Military campament

The Puerto Rico Army National Guard maintains Camp Santiago for the use and training of members of Puerto Rico and other territories and states National Guards units, as well as for the use of the Puerto Rico State Guard.

See also



External links

  1. https://www.pr.ngb.army.mil/R&R/index.html
  • https://www.pr.ngb.army.mil/



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