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Pulicat (Pazhaverkadu) is a fishing village in Thiruvallur District, of Tamil Nadumarker state, South India. It is about 60 km north of Chennaimarker, on the barrier island of Sriharikotamarker, which separates Pulicat Lakemarker from the Bay of Bengalmarker. Pulicat lake is a shallow salt water lagoon which stretches about km along the coast.

History

The Dutch built a fort here in 1609, which was for a long time their chief settlement on the Coromandel Coast. It repeatedly changed possession, until finally occupied by the British in 1825. It became part of the Madras Presidency, which later became Madras state in independent India and renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968. The Dutch church has been built over several times and is rather dilapidated today, and the Dutch fort has fallen into ruin. The old lighthouse still stands at the opposite bank of the lake. The cemetery dating to 1622 has been taken under the wing of the Archeological Survey of India and so has survived the passage of time. The grand, Latin inscribed tombs and graves, carved with skeletons rather than the cross, have been quite well preserved. The cemetery lies behind the market and visitors often don't know that it is there.

Wildlife

Pulicat is within the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary. Every year between the months of October and March, thousands of migratory birds land here. Though many species can be seen, the Flamingos are the most visible, covering the swamps surrounding the lake, giving it a pink tinge.

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