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Puteaux is a commune in the western suburbs of Parismarker, Francemarker. It is located in the heart of the Hauts-de-Seinemarker département, at from the center of Paris. It is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe.

La Défensemarker, Paris' business district hosting the tallest buildings in the metropolitan area, spreads over the northern part of Puteaux (the district being also divided between Courbevoie and Nanterre).

The inhabitants of Puteaux are called Putéoliens.

Geography

Located on the left bank of the river Seinemarker, Puteaux borders Courbevoie to the north, Nanterre to the west and Suresnes to the south. In the east, Puteaux is connected to Paris by the bridge of Puteaux near Neuilly and by the bridge of Neuilly (which is also used by Paris Métro Line 1). The territory of the commune of Puteaux also includes the largest part of the Île de Puteaux, on the Seine.

Districts

Within Puteaux several districts can be distinguished.

The district Bas de Puteaux, located between the railway line and the Seine, is the oldest urbanized district. Notable in particular are the old church, the Théâtre des Hauts-de-Seine, the town hall and a commercial shopping mall near the rues Jaurès, Eichenberger and Chantecoq. The town hall was built in 1934 and is a typical example of the architecture of this time. The boulevard Richard Wallace is the Champs-Élyséesmarker of Puteaux.

The district Haut de Puteaux, located to the east of the railway line, is a more recent district, made of several residences and HLM (résidences des rosiers, Cartault, Marcellin Berthelot, Bernard Palissy) The Lorilleux residence, for example, was built on the site of the old ink manufacturing companies.

The district La Défense is located in the north, separated by the circular boulevard. The district, developed since the end of the 1950s, is one of the principal business districts in Europe. It mainly consists of office buildings, but some notable dwellings can be found within the district as well (Tour Défense 2000marker, résidence Boieldieu). Two thirds of the territory of La Défense is located within Puteaux, the remainder being divided between Courbevoie and Nanterre. Thus, the CNITmarker, the Arche de la Défensemarker and the Quatre Temps shopping mall are in Puteaux.

The district Île de Puteaux, on which there are no dwellings besides some barges, shelters the sporting structures (tennis courts, football pitch, gymnasium, swimming pool) of Puteaux. A sporting complex, the Palais des sports, opened in July 2006.

Government and infrastructure

Tour Pascal Bmarker in La Défensemarker and in Puteaux has the head offices of the Bureau d'Enquêtes sur les Événements de Mer and of the Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Sea.

Economy

The tax revenue of La Défense makes Puteaux one of the richest communes of France. Puteaux receives forty million euros per year coming from the companies within the district alone. Puteaux does not have a debt and its financial reserves, placed in Treasury bills, returns ten million euros in interest alone. The budget of Puteaux can thus exceed 200 million euros (reference 2005), for only 42,000 inhabitants.

Puteaux has a long industrial past, in particular the car industry (De Dion-Bouton, but also Unic, Saurer and Daimler-Benz), aeronautics : (Zodiac Group), the armament industry : Atelier de Construction de Puteaux , inks (Charles Lorilleux) and perfumes (Coty).

Politics

Charles Ceccaldi-Raynaud (Union for a Popular Movement, UMP) was the mayor of Puteaux from 1969 to 2004. In 2004 he was succeeded by his daughter Joëlle Ceccaldi-Raynaud (UMP). She was also temporarily appointed as a Member of Parliament for the 6th district of Hauts-de-Seinemarker (Puteaux/Neuilly-sur-Seine) instead of Nicolas Sarkozy.

The administration of Puteaux by Ceccaldi-Raynaud is considered authoritarian by certain people (the opposition but sometimes also certain people of their own political camp in Hauts-de-Seine). This criticism regularly has echoes in the media (like the daily newspapers Libération, Le Monde, the edition of Hauts-de-Seine of Le Parisien and the news magazine L'Express, which made a coverstory of it at the end of 2005).

In September 2005, Charles Ceccaldi-Raynaud announced his intention to become mayor again, instead of his daughter. However, his daughter refused to resign. A lot of fixing was needed, in particular in the Municipal council (reported in a dispatch of the AFP of November 21, 2005).

Municipal administration

The mayors of Puteaux:

Transport

Puteaux is served by Puteaux station on the Transilien La Défense and Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail lines.

Puteaux is also served by Esplanade de la Défensemarker station on Paris Métro Line 1, in the business district of La Défensemarker, as well as by La Défensemarker station, a large interchange station on Paris Métro Line 1, on Paris RER line A, on the Transilien La Défense suburban rail line, and on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.Puteaux is also served by the T2 (tramway 2), in the La défense-Issy-val de seine line.

Old street names

Current name Old name
rue Bernard-Palissy rue Charles X
rue du bicentenaire avenue du centenaire
quai de Dion-Bouton quai National
rue Jean-Jaurès rue de Paris
rue des Pavillons rue des Coutures
Place de Stalingradmarker place du marché
rue de Verdun rue de Neuilly
rue Fernand Pelloutier rue de Denain


Twin towns

Puteaux is twinned with:

References



External links




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