Pyramid of El Pueblito, known as El
Cerrito (little hill) to those living in its immediate
surroundings, is an archaeological site in the Mexican State of Quer√©taro, in the settlement of El Pueblito, seat of
the municipality of Corregidora.
pyramid, located within the metropolitan
area of Santiago de Quer√©taro, is part of the archaeological zone of El
Pyramid of El Pueblito
This site had an important population prior to
the Spanish conquest of
. During the 1st
millennium there were several settlements in the Baj√≠o area, this being one of the most important
ruins in the central region of Mexico.
It is presumed that its history stretches back two thousand years,
beginning when the first settlers arrived in the valley of the El
Pueblito river, an area suitable for agriculture
. Some current settlements that were
populated during this era include El Pueblito, Santa B√°rbara, La
Negreta, El Recodo, El Shind√≥, El Molinito and La Cueva. The people
worked the land, dammed
the river in order to
their fields and opened roads for
communication, making El Cerrito the first nucleus of spiritual and
political importance in the region.
pyramid, similar in size to the Pyramid of the Moon in Teotihuac√°n, was erected at some time before 1000 AD.
Important relics have been found, such as sculptures, tombstones,
calendar glyphs and many figurines. For more than a millennium the
site was exposed to the climate and negative human intervention,
suffering enormously. As late as the twentieth century the area was
subject to vandalism and theft: since there was no control over it,
visitors could remove whatever they found. It was not until 1995
that Mexico's National
Institute of Anthropology and History
de Antropolog√≠a e Historia
, INAH) began restoration projects
and was able to rescue some articles, which can now be seen in the
Regional Museum in Santiago de Quer√©taro.
In the open space dubbed Plaza de las Esculturas
the Sculptures), works have recovered 13 skulls, 18 jaws and
numerous teeth and other bones. They correspond to male individuals
of between 18 and 35 years of age.