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For the administrative district, see Qabala Rayonmarker.


Qəbələ (also, Gabala, Qäbälä, Gebele, Kutkashen, Kutkashin, and Qutqashen) is the most ancient city of Azerbaijan and the capital of, the Qabala Rayonmarker of Azerbaijanmarker. The municipality consists of the city of Qəbələ and the village of Küsnətmarker. Before 1991 the city was known as Kutkashen, but after Azerbaijan's independence the town was renamed in honour of the much older city of Gabala, the former capital of Caucasian Albania, the archaeological site of which is about 20km southwest.

History

A view of ancient fortress in Gabala
Qabala is ancient capital of the Caucasian Albania. Archeological evidence indicates that the city functioned as the capital of the Caucasian Albania as early as the fourth century BC.Ruins of the ancient town are in 15 km from regional center, allocated on the territory between Garachay and Jourluchay rivers.

The ruins of the gates of Albanian capital Gabala in Azerbaijan


Geography

The city is rich with chestnut and hazelnut trees.

Landmarks

Gabala is notorious for the ruins of an ancient walled city, Chukhur Gabala, dating back to the 4th century BC.The city has an interesting cultural centre, with beautiful Soviet mosaics, a large war memorial, numerous ancient stone houses and the Rashidbek monument, which is shaped as a huge book.

Another landmark is the large Qabala Radarmarker station, on the southern horizon as seen from Qabala town, is one of only two Pechora-type missile early warning stations in the former USSR.

Sports

The city has one professional football team competing in the top-flight of Azerbaijanimarker football - Qäbälä PFC, currently playing in the Azerbaijan Premier League.

References

  1. Gabala, Azerbaijan
  2. Revisiting History
  3. History of Gebele city
  4. Gabala International Piano Festival
  5. Gabala radar for both Russia and US?
  6. Gabala Radar Station: "Somebody is watching us"


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