Qiqihar ( ; Manchu: Cicigar hoton) is a major
city in the Heilongjiang Province, Northeast
It has 895,000 inhabitants. These are mainly
Han Chinese and the resident minorities
are, among others, Manchu, Daur, and Mongolians.
Close to Qiqihar are numerous wetlands and
the Zhalong Nature Reserve
famous in China for being home to numerous red-crowned cranes
Qiqihar is one of the oldest cities in the northeast of China and
was founded in 1691. From 1931 until 1945 it was an important
military base for the Japanese control of
northeastern China, going by the name Tsitsihar.
occupation, the Imperial Japanese
established in Qiqihar chemical research unit 516
for chemical warfare
A major mustard gas
tank leftover from
the Second Sino-Japanese
buried underground was accidentally damaged in 2003. It
caused major injuries and one death.
The population is about 6.011 million, where 1,438,550 (January 1,
2005) people live in the city. The area is 4,310 km²; 42,469 km²
including suburbs. It is about 146 m above sea level and the annual
rainfall is 415 mm. Average temperature is 3.2°C (January –25.7°C,
July 22.8°C). Qiqihar is a principal Chinese city, the second
largest in Heilongjiang Province and the 13th largest in China
(based on total population).
Qiqihar is divided into 16 divisions: 7 districts
and 1 county-level city
(县级市/縣級市 xiànjí shì
The urban area includes Tiefeng District, Longsha District and
Qiqihar was previously home to an Asia League Ice Hockey
used the snow leopard
as a mascot.
later became Changchun Fuao, relocating
to Changchun, Jilin
Qiqihar will play host to the 2007 IIHF World Championships
I, Group A.
Qiqihar has a railway station, a bus network and there are many
File:Old Qiqihar Station 01.jpg|The old station building, now used
for first classFile:Qiqihar Station 01.jpgFile:Qiqihar Station
02.jpg|The new station building