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The Quebecmarker Major Junior Hockey League (French: la Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec, abbreviated QMJHL in English, LHJMQ in French) is one of the three major junior ice hockey leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. Due to its cumbersome name, the league is often referred to as "The Q."

Introduction

The QMJHL is the smallest of the three Canadian junior leagues in numbers of teams. Its teams are based in the Canadian provinces of Quebecmarker, Nova Scotiamarker, New Brunswickmarker, Prince Edward Islandmarker, and the Americanmarker state of Mainemarker. The president of the QMJHL is Gilles Courteau.

The President's Cup is the championship trophy of the league. The QMJHL champion then goes on to compete in the Memorial Cup against the OHL and WHL champions, and the CHL host team.

The QMJHL has traditionally adopted a rapid and offensive style of hockey. "The Q" is known for producing more high-quality offensive players and goalies than defencemen. Former QMJHL players hold many of the Canadian Hockey League's career and single season offensive records.

Hockey Hall of Famemarker alumni of the QMJHL, include Mario Lemieux, Guy Lafleur, Ray Bourque, Pat LaFontaine, Mike Bossy, Denis Savard, Michel Goulet and goaltender Patrick Roy.

Member teams

Atlantic Division
The QMJHL's Atlantic Division consists of teams in Atlantic Canadamarker:

Telus Divisions
The QMJHL's Telus (formerly Western) Divisions consists of teams in Quebecmarker and Mainemarker:



The league has realigned into four divisions for the 2008–09 season, with the relocation of the St. John's Fog Devils to Verdun, Quebec.

Division Team City Arena
Telus
West
Gatineau Olympiques Gatineaumarker, Quebecmarker Centre Robert Guertinmarker
Montreal Junior Hockey Club Montrealmarker, Quebecmarker Auditorium de Verdunmarker
Rouyn-Noranda Huskies Rouyn-Norandamarker, Quebecmarker Aréna Dave Keonmarker
Val-d'Or Foreurs Val-d'Ormarker, Quebecmarker Centre Air Creebecmarker
Telus
Central
Drummondville Voltigeurs Drummondvillemarker, Quebecmarker Centre Marcel Dionnemarker
Lewiston Maineiacs Lewistonmarker, Mainemarker Androscoggin Bank Coliséemarker
Shawinigan Cataractes Shawiniganmarker, Quebecmarker Centre Bionest de Shawinigan
Victoriaville Tigres Victoriavillemarker, Quebecmarker Colisée Desjardinsmarker
Telus
East
Baie-Comeau Drakkar Baie-Comeaumarker, Quebecmarker Centre Henry-Leonardmarker
Chicoutimi Saguenéens Chicoutimimarker, Quebecmarker Centre Georges-Vézinamarker
Quebec Remparts Quebec Citymarker, Quebecmarker Colisée Pepsimarker
Rimouski Océanic Rimouskimarker, Quebecmarker Colisée de Rimouskimarker
Atlantic Acadie-Bathurst Titan Bathurstmarker, New Brunswickmarker K. C. Irving Regional Centre
Cape Breton Screaming Eagles Sydneymarker, Nova Scotiamarker Centre 200marker
Halifax Mooseheads Halifaxmarker, Nova Scotiamarker Halifax Metro Centremarker
Moncton Wildcats Monctonmarker, New Brunswickmarker Moncton Coliseummarker
P.E.I. Rocket Charlottetownmarker, P.E.I.marker Charlottetown Civic Centremarker
Saint John Sea Dogs Saint Johnmarker, New Brunswickmarker Harbour Stationmarker


History

The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League was founded in 1969, through the merger of best teams from the existing Quebec Junior Hockey League and the Metropolitan Montreal Junior Hockey League, declaring themselves a "major junior" league. Of the original eleven QMJHL teams, eight came from the QJHL, two from the MMJHL, and the Cornwall Royals, from Cornwall, Ontariomarker, near the Quebec border, who transferred from in the Central Junior A Hockey League. The Rosemont National and Laval Saints transferred from the MMJHL. The eight teams from the QJHL were the Drummondville Rangers, Quebec Remparts, Saint-Jérôme Alouettes, Shawinigan Bruins, Sherbrooke Castors, Sorel Éperviers, Trois-Rivières Ducs and the Verdun Maple Leafs.

Most of the teams were within a few hours' drive of Montrealmarker. From the first season in 1969–70, only Shawinigan remains in the same city with an uninterrupted history, although the team's name has changed to the Cataractes.

In 1972 the QMJHL had been in operation for three years, and wanted a team in the province's largest city. It threatened a lawsuit to force the Montreal Junior Canadiens of the Ontario Hockey Association into the Quebec-based league. Over the summer of 1972, the OHA granted the Junior Habs a "one-year suspension" of operations, while team ownership transferred the team and players into the QMJHL, renaming themselves the Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge in the process. The OHA then reactivated the suspended franchise for the 1973–74 season in Kingston, Ontariomarker, under new ownership and with new players, calling the team the Kingston Canadians.

QMJHL teams have won the Memorial Cup eight times since 1969, with the Granby Prédateurs, the Hull Olympiques and the Rimouski Océanic each winning once, the Quebec Remparts winning twice (once in their first edition 1969–1985, and once in their second edition 1997–present) and the Cornwall Royals winning three times.

Starting in 1994, the QMJHL began to expand further east, outside of Quebec. The "Q" filled the void in Atlantic Canadamarker after the exodus of American Hockey League franchises, when the AHL had a strong presence in the 1980s and 1990s; all of the Eastern Division cities save for Acadie-Bathurst are former homes of AHL franchises. Teams in Atlantic Canada comprise the entire Eastern Division of the QMJHL.

In recent seasons, the QMJHL has been scouting players from the Atlantic Canadamarker region along with a surge in players coming out of the New Englandmarker area.

Canadian Hockey League records

This is a list of Canadian Hockey League career and single season records accomplished by QMJHL players.

Most goals, career
1st - 309 - Mike Bossy, Laval National (1972–77)
2nd - 281 - Stéphan Lebeau, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd - 278 - Normand Dupont, Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge, Montreal Juniors (1973–77)


Most assists, career
1st - 408 - Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd - 346 - Patrick Emond, Trois-Rivières Draveurs, Hull Olympiques, Chicoutimi Saguenéens (1981–86)
7th - 315 - Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins (1981–84)


Most points, career
1st - 595 - Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd - 580 - Stéphan Lebeau, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
4th - 575 - Patrick Emond, Trois-Rivières Draveurs, Hull Olympiques, Chicoutimi Saguenéens (1981–86)


Most goals, one season
1st - 133 - Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
2nd - 130 - Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1970–71 (62 games)
4th - 104 - Pat LaFontaine, Verdun Juniors, 1982–83 (70 games)
5th - 103 - Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1969–70 (56 games)
6th - 100 - Gary MacGregor, Cornwall Royals ,1973–74 (66 games)


Most assists, one season
1st - 157 - Pierre Larouche, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74(70 games)
2nd - 149 - Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
3rd - 136 - Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes, 1987–88 (70 games)
5th - 135 - Michel Deziel, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (69 games)
5th - 135 - Marc Fortier, Chicoutimi Saguenéens, 1986–87 (65 games)


Most points, one season
1st - 282 - Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
2nd - 251 - Pierre Larouche, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (67 games)
3rd - 234 - Pat LaFontaine, Verdun Juniors, 1982–83 (70 games)
4th - 227 - Michel Deziel, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (69 games)
5th - 216 - Real Cloutier, Quebec Remparts, 1973–74 (69 games)
6th - 214 - Jacques Cossette, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (68 games)
8th - 209 - Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1970–71 (62 games)
9th - 206 - Jacques Locas, Quebec Remparts, 1973–74 (63 games)
10th - 201 - Marc Fortier, Chicoutimi Saguenéens, 1986–87 (65 games)
11th - 200 - Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes, 1987–88 (70 games)




Timeline of teams



  • 1969- First season, 2 divisions. East: Quebec City Remparts, Shawinigan Bruins, Drummondville Rangers, Sorel Éperviers (Black Hawks), Trois-Rivières Ducs (Dukes), and Sherbrooke Castors (Beavers). West: Saint-Jérôme Alouettes, Cornwall Royals, Rosemont National, Verdun Maple Leafs, and Laval Saints.
  • 1970- Divisions dissolved, Laval folds.
  • 1971- Rosemont National move to Lavalmarker.
  • 1972- The Saint-Jérôme Alouettes and the Verdun Maple Leafs fold. The Montreal Junior Canadiens franchise of the OHA transfers to QMJHL, becoming the Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge.
  • 1973- League split into 2 divisions. East: Sorel, Quebec, Shawinigan, Trois-Rivières, Chicoutimi; West: Cornwall, Montreal, Sherbrooke, Laval, Drummondville, Hull. Chicoutimi Saguenéens, and the Hull Festivals granted franchises. Shawinigan Bruins become Shawinigan Dynamos.
  • 1974- Drummondvillemarker Rangers fold, Trois-Rivières Ducs become Trois-Rivières Draveurs (Lumberjacks).
  • 1975- Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge became Montreal Juniors.
  • 1976- Hull Festivals became Hull Olympiques. Divisions renamed: East becomes Dilio, West becomes Lebel.
  • 1977- Sorelmarker Éperviers (Black Hawks) move to Verdunmarker. Sherbrooke moved to Dilio Division, while Verdun played in the Lebel.
  • 1978- Shawinigan Dynamos became Shawinigan Cataractes.
  • 1979- Verdunmarker Éperviers (Black Hawks) became Sorelmarker/Verdun Éperviers. Laval National become Laval Voisins (Neighbours).
  • 1980- Sorelmarker/Verdunmarker Éperviers became Sorel Éperviers.
  • 1981- Divisions cease to exist, Cornwallmarker moved to the OHL, Sorelmarker Éperviers moved to Granbymarker and became the Bisons.
  • 1982- Lebel and Dilio Divisions reintroduced. Shawinigan, Chicoutimi, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, and Drummondville played in the Dilio, while Laval, Verdun, Longueuil, Saint-Jean, Hull, and Granby played in the Lebel. Sherbrookemarker Castors moved to Saint-Jeanmarker. Montrealmarker Juniors moved to Verdunmarker. Drummondvillemarker Voltigeurs (Infantrymen) granted a franchise, Longueuilmarker Chevaliers (Cavaliers) granted a franchise.
  • 1984- Plattsburghmarker Pioneers granted a franchise, but fold 3 months into the schedule after playing 17 games. They played in the Lebel Division, Granby is moved to the Dilio. Verdun Juniors become the Verdun Junior Canadiens.
  • 1985- Quebecmarker Remparts fold. Laval Voisins became Laval Titan.
  • 1987- Longueuilmarker Chevaliers moved to Victoriavillemarker and became the Tigres. They played in the Dilio. Granby was moved to the Lebel Division.
  • 1988- Divisions ceased to exist, Longueuilmarker Collège-Français are granted the rights to resurrect the Quebec Remparts franchise.
  • 1989- Verdunmarker Junior Canadiens moved to Saint-Hyacinthemarker and became the Laser. Saint-Jean Castors became St-Jean Lynx.
  • 1990- Lebel and Dilio divisions created yet again: Chicoutimi, Trois-Rivières, Drummondville, Shawinigan, Beauport, and Victoriaville play in the Dilio; Longueuil, Hull, Laval, Saint-Hyacinthe, Granby, and Saint-Jean played in the Lebel. Beauportmarker Harfangs (Snow Owls) was granted a franchise.
  • 1991- Longueuil Collège-Français moved to Verdunmarker.
  • 1992- Trois-Rivièresmarker Draveurs moved to Sherbrookemarker and became the Faucons (Falcons).
  • 1993- Val-d'Ormarker Foreurs (Miners) granted a franchise, they played in the Lebel.
  • 1994- Verdunmarker Collège-Français folded. Halifaxmarker awarded an expansion team, the Mooseheads. Halifax played in the Dilio. Laval Titan became Laval Titan Collège-Français.
  • 1995- Saint-Jeanmarker Lynx moved to Rimouskimarker and become the Océanic. Monctonmarker Alpines franchise granted. Rimouski and Moncton both played in the Dilio. Drummondville and Sherbrooke moved to the Lebel. Granby Bisons became Granby Prédateurs.
  • 1996- Saint-Hyacinthemarker Laser moved to Rouyn-Norandamarker and became the Huskies. Moncton Alpines became Moncton Wildcats.
  • 1997- Granbymarker Prédateurs move to Cape Bretonmarker and became the Screaming Eagles. They played in the Dilio. Shawinigan moved to the Lebel. The Beauportmarker Harfangs moved to Quebec Citymarker and became the Quebec Remparts.
  • 1998- Baie-Comeaumarker granted an expansion team called the Drakkar (Viking ship), and played in the Dilio. Lavalmarker Titan Collège-Français moved to Acadie-Bathurstmarker, and played in the Dilio.
  • 1999- Lebel Division became Lebel Conference, and split into the West Division (Hull, Rouyn-Noranda, Montreal, Val-d'Or) and the Central Division (Shawinigan, Drummondville, Sherbrooke, Victoriaville). The Dilio Division becam the Dilio Conference and split into the Eastern Division (Rimouski, Quebec City, Baie-Comeau, Chicoutimi) and the Maritime Division (Moncton, Halifax, Cape Breton, Acadie-Bathurst). Montreal Rocket was granted a franchise.
  • 2003 - The QMJHL switched to a 3 division format: Atlantic (Cape Breton, Moncton, Prince Edward Island, Halifax, Acadie-Bathurst); Eastern (Rimouski, Chicoutimi, Lewiston, Quebec, Baie-Comeau); and Western (Gatineau, Shawinigan, Rouyn-Noranda, Val-d'Or, Drummondville, Victoriaville). Sherbrookemarker Castors moved to Mainemarker, becoming the Lewistonmarker Maineiacs; Montrealmarker Rocket moved to Charlottetownmarker and took the Prince Edward Island name, Hull Olympiques become Gatineau Olympiques.
  • 2004 - The QMJHL announced plans to expand from 16 to 18 teams, effective with the 2005-06 season. St. John's, Newfoundland and Labradormarker and Saint John, New Brunswickmarker were awarded franchises, the St. John's Fog Devils and Saint John Sea Dogs respectively.
  • 2005 - Effective with the 2005-06 season, the league reverted to a two-division format. The East Division consisted of all of the league's non-Québec teams, and the West Division contained all of the Québec teams.
  • 2006 - The Western Division was renamed the Telus Division, under a sponsorship agreement with the Telus Corporation.
  • 2008 - The St. John's Fog Devils relocated to Verdun, Quebecmarker to become the Montreal Junior Hockey Club.


Memorial Cup champions

The Memorial Cup has been captured eight times by QMJHL teams since the league's founding in 1969:



Trophies and awards

  • QMJHL Trophies Complete list of Trophy winners since 1969 from QMJHL web site
  • Trophy's first season being awarded in brackets.


Team


Player


Executive


Defunct trophies


See also



References



External links




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