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Rīgas Satiksme ( ) is a publicly owned body which operates public transport and vehicle hire in the Latvianmarker capital Rigamarker and its surrounding areas. The organisation's principal activities involve the operation of the city's 460 buses, 318 trolleybuses and 252 trams . It is also responsible for the operation of the city's car parks. It currently employs some 6500 staff members.

History

Rīgas Satiksme was formed on 20 February 2003 as an umbrella organisation for the respective operators of trams, buses and trolleybuses in the city of Riga. Two years later, the separate operators of the different modes of public transport were merged together and re-branded as Rīgas Satiksme, making it the largest provider of public transport in Riga.

Buses

Various buses
In 1924, the first buses were placed into service in Riga, initially operated by private companies, although by 1941 all buses in the city were taken over by the state. In the years between the end of World War II and the break up of the Soviet Unionmarker, buses were under the control of the Ministry of Road Transport and latterly the city's Executive Committee. The 1960s saw vast improvement in the bus network, with the building of a new central bus station and the introduction of new Ikarus vehicles. In 1970, conductors were replaced by automatic ticket machines as the principal method of fare collection, although conductors were re-introduced in 1996. Until 1992, the bus network comprised two separate entities, and both were in desperate need of modernisation as they were re-structured into one single oragnisation. 1997 saw the introduction of new Mercedes-Benz vehicles, and the bus network has seen steady modernisation thereafter.

As of 2005, Rīgas Satiksme was responsible for the operation of some 460 buses on a total of 57 routes across the city and its suburbs, as well as 15 regional routes connecting Rigamarker with its surrounding towns . Buses are by far the most modern mode of public transport in the city, with a variety of models in service, including many newly delivered articulated and rigid vehicles built by Solaris (Urbino), Mercedes-Benz (Citaro, O345) and brand new Ikarus buses for regional routes, although many older Ikarus vehicles are still used in everyday service. As of 2007, all old Ikarus vehicles have been removed from everyday service.

Bus routes

Number Start point End point
1 Abrenes Street Pansionāts
2 Abrenes Street Vecmīlgrāvismarker
3 Pļavnieki Bolderājamarker
4 Abrenes Street Pinķi
4z Abrenes Street Zolitūde
5 Abrenas Street Mežciems
6 Dreiliņi Riga Central Station
7 Abrenes Street Stīpnieki
8 Riga Central Station Zolitūde
9 Abrenes Street Saules dārzs
10 Abrenes Street Brūkleņu Street - Jaunmārupe
11 Abrenes Street Jaunciem's cemetery / Suži
12 Abrenes Street Cooperative "Ziedonis"
13 Kleisti Preču 2
14 Abrenes Street Zvēraudzētava
15 Jugla -3 Dārziņi -2
16 Abrenes Street Mucenieki / Garkalnes Mucenieki
18 Abrenes Street Dārziņi -2
19 Jugla -3 Sarkandaugava
20 Pļavnieku Cemetery Pētersalas Street
21 Imantamarker -5 Jugla -3
22 Abrenes Street Riga International Airportmarker
23 Abrenes Street Baložimarker
24 Abrenes Street Mangaļsala
25 Abrenes Street Mārupe
26 Abrenes Street Katlakalns
28 Jugla -3 Langstiņi
29 Jugla -3 Vecmilgravismarker
30 Riga Central Station Bolderājamarker
31 Jugla -3 Dārziņi -2
32 Abrenes Street Piņķi
33 Abrenes Street Kundziņsalamarker
34 Pļavnieki Saulīši
35 Abrenes Street Zolitūdes Street
36 Imantamarker -5 Vakarbuļļi
37 Imantamarker -5 Esplanāde
38 Abrenes Street Dzirciema Street
39 Abrenes Street Lāčupe's Cemetery
40 Ziepniekkalns Jugla -3
41 Imantamarker -5 Esplanāde
42 Riga Central Marketmarker Ziepniekkalns
44 Zolitūde Ziepniekkalns
46 Zolitūde Ziepniekkalns
47 Abrenes Street Šķirotava
48 Pļavnieki's Cemetery Sarkandaugava
49 Rumbula MAN-TESS
50 Aberenes Street TEC-2
51 Abrenes Street Ulbroka
52 Abrenes Street Pļavnieku Cemetery
53 Esplanāde Zolitūde
54 Riga Central Station Voleri


Regional bus routes

Almost every regional bus routes has been determined since the 1st January 2009. Some of them has been determined, some routes are united with city routes and some routes are extended.
Number Start point End point
10(Extented route) Rigamarker Jaunmārupe
55(New route instead of 853) Rigamarker Jaunmārupe
43 Rigamarker Skulte


Livery

All buses are painted in a livery of blue and white except Ikarus E91's that are yellow.

Trolleybuses



The first trolleybuses in Rigamarker entered service in 1947, using a portion of the budget initially set aside for the new tramway, with the intention of moving slightly slower trams away from the city centre to allow for faster trolleybuses. The service was operated initially by Sovietmarker-built units, although these were later replaced by Škoda vehicles brought in from Czechoslovakiamarker. Conductors remained on trolleybuses for 5 years after they disappeared from the buses, with electronic ticket machines replacing them in 1975. Conductors were re-introduced to the trolleybus network in 1997 and have remained in use to this day .

Rīgas Satiksme is responsible for the operation of some 20 trolleybus routes throughout the city . Although modernised in recent years through the introduction of new Solaris trolleybuses, the system is still operated mainly by elderly Škoda units.

Trolleybus routes

Number Start point End point
1 Pētersalas Street Valmieras Street
3 Riga Central Marketmarker Sarkandaugava
4 Šmerlis Riga Central Marketmarker
5 Daugavas Stadium Riga Clinical Hospital
7 Ķeguma Street Āngenskalnamarker priedes
9 Iļģuciemsmarker Riga Central Station
11 Ieriķu Street Riga Central Station
13 Ieriķu Street Riga Central Marketmarker
14 Mežciems Esplanāde
15 Višķu Street Latvian University
16 Šmerlis Katlakalna Street
17 Purvciemsmarker Riga Central Station
18 Mežciems Riga Central Station
19 Pētersalas Street Ziepniekkalns
20 Latvian Television Latvian University
22 Katlakalna Street E. Birznieka Upīša Street
23 Purvciemsmarker Riga Central Station
24 Pētersalas Street A/S "Dzintars"
25 Iļģuciemsmarker Brīvības Street
27 Ābolu Street Riga Central Station


Livery

Trolleybuses are painted in the same two tone blue and white livery as buses, although some are in special overall advertising liveries.

Trams

200 px
Trams have been in operation in Rigamarker longer than any other mode of public transport, with the first horse-drawn trams entering service in 1882. In 1900, it was agreed that a number of electric tram lines would be built in the city, the construction of which continued until the outbreak of World War I. Operation of the tramways remained largely unchanged until 1918 and the emergence for the first time of Latviamarker as an independent nation, when a Belgianmarker company took over. This period of private ownership was deemed a failure, and the city authorities regained control of the tram network in 1931. World War II devastated Riga's public transport system, and it was gradually re-built to its current level .

Trams remain of the principal modes of transport in Riga, with Rīgas Satiksme operating almost 300 units on 11 routes across the city . The bulk of journeys on the tram network are operated by fairly elderly Tatra T3 units, which have been in service in Rigamarker since long before Latviamarker became independent of the Soviet Unionmarker in 1991.

In 2002, Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca signed an agreement with the Mayor of Riga which will see the company replace the trams in Riga once their period of operation ends in 2010. The new trams are set to offer enhanced comfort and safety, as well as being far quieter than the city's current fleet of elderly Tatra units. According to RVR they will feature bright and spacious interiors and will be 20-30% more power efficient than their predecessors. The new units are expected to be produced at a rate of 15-20 per year and will result in a gradual phasing out of the Tatra tramcars.

Tram lines

Number Start point End point
2 Tapešu Street Central Market
3 Shopping Center "Dole" Jugla
4 Imantamarker Central Market
5 Iļģuciemsmarker Mīlgrāvis
6 Jugla Riga Central Station
7 Shopping Center "Dole" Ausekļa Street
9 Shopping Center "Dole" A/S "Aldaris"
10 Bišumuiža Central Market
11 Mežaparksmarker Riga Central Station


Livery

Most trams are painted in regular Rīgas Satiksme two-tone blue and white livery, although some are in special overall advertising liveries.

E-talons

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200px-New_"E-talons"_ticket_readers.jpg" style='width:200px' alt="" />
200 px
Satiksme is implementing a new payment procedure for public transport in Riga. Since the 1st March, 2009, Rigas Satiksme has used a new method of payment for journeys on its network. For this reason the payment regime has changed. Paper tickets have been phased out. 24 hour tickets, 3, 5 day tickets and monthly tickets are available for purchase. Fares haven't changed but the payment method has. E-talons can be bought from ticket vending machines which will be placed all around Riga and any type of ticket can be purchased from them. The ticket can also be bought from driver at a higher price. When boarding a public transport (bus, tram or trolleybus) just swipe your card in front of the electronic card reader. For more information visit E-talons[499923]

Fares

New tickets/prices form the 1st March 2009 using E-talons
Ticket type Fare LVL Transport type Routes Drives Notes Card type
24 hour ticket 1,50 Trolleybus,bus,tram All Unlimited Carton
3 day ticket 4,60 Trolleybus,bus,tram All Unlimited Carton
5 day ticket
3,40 One preferred transport One route Unlimited Can be used only on one transport type and on one route. Carton/NP/P
4,80 One transport All routes Unlimited Use one transport (trolleybus or bus or tram) for all routes Carton/NP/P
5,60 Two transports All routes Unlimited Use two types of transport (ex. bus and tram) for all routs with these transport types Carton/NP/P
7,60 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes Unlimited Use all transport for every route Carton/NP/P
5 Rides 2,00 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes 5 Use one ticket for one drive Carton/NP/P
10 rides 3,80 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes 10 Use one ticket for one drive Carton/NP/P
20 rides 7,20 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes 20 Use on ticket for one drive Carton/NP/P
1 ride 0,60 Trolleybus,bus,tram All routes 1 Use ticket for one ride in all transports. Fare 0,60 only when buying a ticket from the driver of the transport Paper


NP - Non personalized card (no name or picture required)P - Personalized card (with name and a picture on it)

All tickets are valid 3 months from the date of issue.

Fares

A flat fare of LVL 0.40 per single journey (LVL 0.60, if buying ticket from tram or trolleybus driver) is currently in operation by Rīgas Satiksme within the city boundaries. This applies to all bus, tram and trolleybus services. Fares on the regional bus routes range from LVL 0.40 to LVL 1.40 per single journey .

The method of fare collection on public transport in Riga has, since 1996 , been by conductor, and indeed this practise is still widespread on buses operated by Rīgas Satiksme. On the city's trams and trolleybuses, conductors have been phased out, and now passengers are required to pay their fare directly to the driver and composter their tickets with one of the composters in the tram or trolleybus. This has happened, because of lack of workers who would ever work as conductors. Tickets are also available for purchase from some news kiosks (newsagents) like Narvesen, Preses apvienība, Pluspunkts and others.

It's also possible to buy monthly tickets, which are valid for: one month, all the week's workdays and holidays, for a week.

Other services

Car parking

Rīgas Satiksme took over the operation of car parks in Rigamarker in 2005, the first of which was built in 1993 to introduce parking charged to the city. Electric parking meters were introduced in 1994 with the assistance of both Riga City Council and local authorities in Helsinkimarker, Finlandmarker. Since 1996, the operation of car parks has gone hand-in-hand with the responsibility of the removal of illegally parked vehicles in the city. In 2001, it was decided that vehicular access to the city centre would be allowed only through use of a smart card, and such cards were later introduced as a method of payment for parking. A system of parking charges by SMS was introduced by Rīgas Satiksme in 2005.

Vehicle rental

Vehicle rental, initially operated by SIA Rīgas domes autobāze, was set up in 1992 with the main goal of providing vehicles to Riga City Council, although it now offers rental services to the general public. Operated by Rīgas Satiksme since 2005, the service currently boasts 180 rental vehicles, comprising cars, minibuses, coaches and ambulances .

Problems

Although the public transport network is generally well integrated and efficient, several problems can be noted in the day-to-day operation of the system. Issues concerning passenger safety arise from the layout of the tramway on many streets in Riga, whereby the tram lines are positioned in the centre of the road, with a lane of motor traffic on either side. As a result, it is necessary for passengers to cross the road in front of moving vehicles when boarding or alighting tramcars, although it is widely accepted that motor vehicles should stop behind stationary trams. As in any city of this size, public transport can become very crowded at peak times, and capacity boards on Tatra T3 tram cars show that as many as 167 standing passengers can be accommodated at any one time. This situation is not helped by the current system of fare collection on the trams, where passengers pay the driver at the front of the tram and then have to move to the middle of the tramcar to have their ticket stamped by a machine (a composter). There are also great problems with fare evasion on trams. Most units consist of two separate tram cars joined together, and since only the front car is manned, people can simply board the rear car and not pay the fare. This is possible due to the lack of conductors currently employed on trams in the city. Staff safety is also a problem on the Rīgas Satiksme network. On the trams, drivers do not have a vault to place money into, rather the money is placed into grooves on the dashboard. The driver's cab on the tram is not covered, making theft and assault easy. This problem is also evident on buses and trolleybuses with conductors placing money in an open pouch. Finally, although Rīgas Satiksme employees are issued with uniforms, they are not required to wear them and it can therefore be difficult to distinguish employees from passengers.

See also

Pasažieru Vilciens

Riga Airportmarker

References

External links




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