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RAF Luqa was an airbase of the Royal Air Force on the island of Maltamarker during World War II. Particularly from 1941 to 1943, RAF Luqa was a very important base for British Commonwealth forces fighting against Italymarker and Germanymarker for naval control of the Mediterraneanmarker and for ground control of North Africa. Air combat over and near Malta was some of the most ferocious of the war, and a series of airfields were built on the small, rocky island: at Luqamarker, TaQali, and HalFar, plus satellite fields at Safimarker, Qrendimarker and on Malta's second island of Gozomarker.

After the war, Luqa remained an important RAF base, serving during the Suez Crisis of 1956, but also served as Malta's main civilian airport. Nowadays, the location has been developed into the main entry point of the modern, independent country of Malta, under the name Malta International Airportmarker. It is sometimes still referred to as "Luqa Airport" or "Valletta Airport".

The RAF left in 1979 following a British government decision not to renew the lease on the station from the Maltese. The payments demanded were several times the previous payments under the previous lease. It is also possible that the Avro Vulcan crash over the village of ┼╗abbarmarker led to the Maltese decision to effectively get the RAF to leave by raising the proposed lease payments to what was known to be a level unacceptable to the British.

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